In Russia every schoolboy knows that the 9th of may is Victory Day. But do not agree with him, his peers from Western Europe. And not because of France or Italy not revere the date of the surrender of Nazi Germany. Just the Day Victory in Europe celebrated a day earlier than us. It 8 may 1945, Alfred Jodl, German General who signed the act of capitulation of the Third Reich. This document marked the end of the most terrible war in world history. And what about the next day? When may 9 in the skies over our cities are fireworks, "they" also celebrate the anniversary of a significant event. This Is The Day Of Europe. "What kind of celebration?" – surprised us. And doubted. Is this an attempt to reinterpret, distort the meaning of the victory over fascism, which our forefathers fought? Not at all. With the Third Reich, by the way, fought not only our ancestors but also the ancestors of modern Europeans and Americans. And it is not clear what would be the outcome of the war if not for the allies of the USSR. But now it's not about that. Talk about the Day of Europe. What is this holiday when it is celebrated and how.
The Story Of The Day Of Europe
As Hegel said, history is dialectical spiral. There are certain dates that are key. Take the recent history of Ukraine. 21 Nov 2004 began the Orange revolution and ten years later, Viktor Yanukovych refused to sign in Vilnius Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. What came of it – you know yourself. The beginning of may, became a significant time for Europe. Four years later, once ended the Second world war, a momentous event occurred. The fifth of may was established by the Council of Europe. In 1964, this date was adopted as a holiday. The day of the Victory summed up the long history of the separation of the peoples of Europe into two warring camps. In 1985, the prototype of the EU, the European community adopted symbols: flag, anthem and day. State officials opted on may 9. It was then, in the date of "the Schuman Declaration", is the Day of Europe.
Why may 9?
As we have noted, the date of creation of the Council of Europe: 5 may 1949. He was the only festival dedicated to the idea of unity of the peoples of the continent for a year. The ninth of may 1950, foreign Minister Robert Schuman gave a briefing to reporters, where he voiced the main provisions of the previously adopted agreement. According to this document, such a previously implacable opponents like France and Germany, and even Italy and the Benelux countries (Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg) agreed to merge the coal and steel industry of their States. This performance was later called "the Schuman Declaration". To commemorate this date, which gave impetus to the formation of the European Union, may 9, 1985 in Milan organized a meeting of governments, which adopted the EU flag – the same blue, with stars going around. And in 2008, this date was officially approved as the celebration of Europe Day.
Why the ECSC is so important?
How could a purely economic agreement to merge spheres of the industry to play such a primary role that the date of its signing has become an international holiday? In the modern world politics, alas, permeates all areas of public life. Prior to 1950, European countries feared Germany. And suddenly the state will prevail revanchist moods? The "economic miracle" of Germany frightened her neighbors. At the same time, this attitude to Germany held back its growth potential in the international market. The steel and coal industry are the two pillars on which in those days kept the military-industrial complex. The creation of a supranational structure, the European Coal and Steel community (ECSC), the notorious "German question". All participating countries of the agreement was subordinate to the Supreme Council with the elected President at the head (it was in 1952, a close associate of Schumann, Jean Monnet). From this day the country has managed to control its military power, and it was a pledge of peace on the continent. That's why Europe Day is celebrated on the anniversary of victory over fascism. Such are the Parallels.
Is the holiday day?
In October 2008, the European Parliament officially recognized the date of may 9 holiday. But the fifth day of the last month of spring were not forgotten. May 5 emphasizes the role of the Council of Europe in the protection of the rule of law, human rights and parliamentary democracy. But the date is not always the same. When Europe Day to celebrate – given at the discretion of the government of a particular country. It is celebrated in all EU countries. But in the UK, because of the sentiment of euroscepticism among the citizens, this day goes unnoticed. But it is celebrated in some countries, which only apply for EU membership – Turkey, Croatia, Ukraine, Macedonia. In most EU member States 5 or 9 may declared a holiday. But sometimes the celebration is combined with work or carry on Saturday.
As noted this date
Europe day has become a symbol of giving effect to new successful models of cooperation between States. This peaceful coexistence is based on shared values and interests. Before 2000 years the celebration was primarily cultural in nature. Held art exhibitions, concerts and other similar events. But since the EU began to acquire new members, the holiday gradually acquired political overtones. To celebrate this day of steel and in the candidate countries. There the main emphasis is on the choice of the citizens of the vector of European integration. In countries that have become full members of the EU, demonstrates local differences that should dispel the fears of skeptics about the impact of globalization on the identity of individual countries. So on Europe Day 2014 was widely held cultural and entertainment programs and sports events, conferences and public debates. Popular appearances on TV political and public figures.
How to spend a long weekend in Europe
In our country the period from 1 to may 10 is almost two weeks if not complete boredom, a relaxed mode of operation. And if we add to these days of accumulated time off, so it turns out the second mini-vacation. How to spend it with maximum benefit? You can go to a tropical country, where it already dominates the hot summer in Egypt, UAE, Turkey. But do not forget that spring is the perfect time to visit the countries of Central and Western Europe. Especially in the first decade of may there is an atmosphere of fun. In many countries, 1-2, and 7-9 of this month, the weekend. Europe celebrates labour day, anniversary of the victory over fascism and many other joyful events. Everywhere are interesting performances, concerts, festivals.
Blitz vacation in Europe
Well, if you break for a week or two of working days you have not, you can advantage special offers from various travel Agency. Inexpensive, but very rich of impressions rest give weekend tours. Europe is really so close! Only 2-3 hours and you are already in Paris, visiting the castles of the Loire valley and ride with the children on the rides of Disneyland. Or in the Kingdom of tulips and windmills – beautiful Holland. Or in Munich – tasting beer and visiting castles on the background of snow-capped Alpine peaks. You can choose a bus tour is a great opportunity to cheaply watch in one fell swoop several countries. By the way, the Day of Victory in Europe is celebrated with equal panache than we do. But geogrievskaia ribbons to put on it is not accepted. Well, this is understandable, because the symbol of the Russian.
Day of Europe in Ukraine
For this country a special date. This state is the only one in Eastern Europe, where the holiday is celebrated on the official level. Even back in 2003, President Leonid Kuchma signed the Decree № 339 from April 19, whereby the third Saturday of may was declared a holiday of day of Europe in Ukraine. The main purpose of all the activities dedicated to this date, was, as stated in the document, demonstrate the desire for rapprochement with the EU. Every year on this day held a large-scale celebration, not only in the capital but also in different parts of the country. But usually the officialdom was to ensure that the street Khreshchatyk in Kiev on this day grew the "European town" of the pavilions. Every member state of the EU has represented his country.
Ukrainian Europe Day-2014
Recent political events have made the occasion more meaningful, you might say, symbolic. Don't forget: the revolution has begun and due to the fact that Yanukovych V. F. at the time the former President has refused, despite numerous promises to its people and foreign partners, to sign the Agreement on Association of Ukraine with the EU. Therefore, this celebration of the Europe Day was particularly ambitious. Third Saturday this year fell on may 17. But began to celebrate the holiday in Kiev 11. The official opening of Europe Day was held at the capital's St. Michael's square. The events were organized not only by the European Commission, but also the forces of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Three days later, a holiday celebrated in Odessa, Lviv and other cities of the country.
How to celebrate this holiday with us
In Moscow on the third Saturday of may every year to start the festival "Days of Europe in Moscow". The organizers of this event are the European Commission office in Russia, Moscow Center for students and the Moscow City Committee for public relations. The festival invited the ambassadors of all EU countries. Participating members of the Moscow government. Guests of the festival will tell about the scholarship study programmes in EU countries. In General, we have this holiday is not so, as the Day of Europe in Ukraine. But this has a lot of informative and useful things. The citizens of our country can understand that Europe is not an enemy, but a partner of Russia.