The day of Belarusian science, is an occasion to recall the role of research in development of society
Scientific knowledge is important not only for the expansion of mankind's view of the world. The results of the work of scientists used in enterprises in the agro-industrial complex, medicine, education, and other spheres of human activity. To emphasize the importance of science to society, in the Republic of Belarus was established on the Day of Belarusian science.
On the Belarusian lands science originated in VII—VIII centuries of our era. It is actively developed foundry, pottery, blacksmithing, weaving. Successful completion of the work depended on how well the master knew physics and chemistry.
With the spread of Christianity development centres of scientific thought were made by churches and monasteries. Here copied the books, were the Chronicles, arranged library. The most famous Apostle of that time – Euphrosyne of Polotsk and Kirill of Turov.
In the Renaissance science and education gradually became secular. An important role was played by the printing press. Became the first printer Francis Skaryna. Printed books were made and distributed faster than handwriting, and therefore was available to a larger number of readers.
In the modern time Belarusian scientists are actively working in the field of science and technology. In 1929, opened in Minsk, the Belarusian Institute of culture, later transformed into the Academy of Sciences.
In 30-e years many representatives of the Belarusian intelligentsia were victims of repression. During the war scientists worked in the evacuation. In the postwar years the scientific establishment has returned to the Republic and continued research.
The development of the information society contributed to the revision of development strategies of science, so in 2005 he created the high-tech Park.
The heroes of the occasion
To postpone the work and to prepare a festive table on the Day of Belarusian science (last Sunday of January) have the right doctors and candidates of Sciences, Institute staff, faculty, graduate students, undergraduates, participants of student scientific societies.
The flagship of the scientific achievements of the Republic is the national Academy of Sciences, which conducted research in the field of physics, chemistry, mathematics, biochemistry, materials science, etc. Also operate in Belarus, the Minsk research instrument-making Institute, the national Institute of education, other academic organizations. Researches are carried out and departments and universities, in national parks and nature reserves, hospitals, and museums. Therefore, the Belarusian science Day is a holiday for many citizens of the Republic.
It is dedicated conferences, seminars, exhibitions, thematic publications in scientific journals. So, in the foyer of the NASB is constantly working exhibition "achievements of Russian science to production". In 2012, at a solemn meeting of scientific community demonstrated the results of achievements of technical Sciences, and two years later the scientific problems discussed at the press conference held by the State Committee for science and technology.
The Day of Belarusian science the scientists to the President of the country, the Deputy head of the presidential administration, and other officials. Notable scientific works are marked by awards.
Scientists of Belarus are conducting research in all fields of human knowledge. So, at the Institute of physics NASB has created a new generation of lasers. Devices are significantly smaller than their predecessors and are not harmful to the eyes.
Cast iron parts will be much stronger thanks to the inventions of employees of the Institute of metal technology, and with optical fiber industrial endoscopes (development of the Belarusian-Russian University Mogilev) diagnosis of hard-to-reach places, units and machines will become more operational and reliable. In the treatment of atherosclerosis is planned to apply ultrasonic installation, created by specialists of the BNTU.
Also in the Republic are studying the DNA, grow emeralds create new varieties of agricultural plants, reviving cultural artifacts (Slutsk belts), master space, and develop new methods of treatment of diseases, training and education of the younger generation. So when the Day of Belarusian science is coming once again, scientists have to demonstrate to the occasion.
Problems and prospects of science development in Belarus
In recent years, the government increasingly funds applied research. The actual problem is the creation of organizations with scientific and production staff. A critical question is the examination of research results, investment attraction. These and other problems were discussed at the Day of Belarusian science.
When the holiday is celebrated, scientists and managers talk about their everyday concerns. Thus, the Chairman of the Presidium of the NASB is concerned about the aging workforce, unwillingness of young people to study science. The reasons for this are low salaries and the loss of prestige of the profession of researcher. Many specialists leaving to work abroad. The solution to these problems, the head of state sees the downsizing and the search for extra-budgetary funding sources. The day of Belarusian science and its achievements — a particular concern of the President.
The development of Humanities is defined as the development of the scientific basis of regulatory documents and the decision of problems of strengthening of the family institution. On the basis of the results obtained by the Humanities, formed the ideology of the state. So goes the Day of Belarusian science. Where there is a similar festival abroad?
Science day in other countries
The tradition to honor scientists in the former Soviet Union originated in the USSR. In April, 1918, from the pen of Vladimir Lenin published the "Outline plan for scientific and technological work." Since then, scientists accepted congratulations on the third Sunday of April.
After the collapse of the USSR, Russia and Ukraine holiday dates (February 8 and the third Saturday in may) dedicated to the Foundation of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
At the international level annually celebrate world science day for peace and development. A similar initiative in 2001, UNESCO made. Fans of the evolution theory February 12 celebrate the Day of Darwin.
There are also science festivals, professional events specialists: physicists, chemists, etc. So congratulations of domestic and foreign scientists can be almost every month of the year.