The Baikal day, or why the lake needs a holiday
Since the emergence of a new feast Day of Baikal is beautiful weather. Perhaps the spirits of the sky and water spells to convince the local shamans, and perhaps the rains retreat in the face of a truly popular character of the celebration. The holiday was established in 1999, three years after the lake was recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO. The main goal was to attract the attention of the public to the environmental problems related to lake Baikal.
First, Baikal Day, celebrated annually on the fourth Sunday of August, but since 2008, the date of the celebration changed to the second Sunday of September. One of the reasons for migration was the desire to extend the tourist season on the "sacred sea". First and foremost, the holiday is richly celebrated in areas adjacent to the lake regions of Buryatia, Irkutsk and Chita areas. On this day the participants of the ceremony Baikal Express your love, admire its grandeur.
The script of the holiday is rich with folklore and theatrical performances, an interesting concert programs. On the Day of Baikal summarize the various environmental and regional competitions, organize interactive games, quests, workshops, quizzes, and implementing environmental projects and actions. On scientific lectures and seminars examines the history of lake Baikal and its condition today, and in the schools with themed lessons on this outstanding natural feature.
Interested organizations are deploying on the streets of Irkutsk and its gardens their creative pitches, present public projects, exhibitions, and invite writers and poets whose work is devoted to the lake. In celebration of the summarizing of the festival "People and nature". For the celebration to be attended by representatives of Russian and international public organizations, teachers involved in environmental education, representatives of administration of different levels, scientists.
Why did the idea of introducing a new holiday – the Day of lake Baikal? Yes, this lake is situated near the Mongolian border, Siberia, called a natural diamond due to its incredible beauty. But little did the world of beauty? Why do scientists say about the uniqueness of the natural heritage of this reservoir?
Baikal – the deepest lake on the planet. Its waters are crystal clear purity and constitute the largest structure in the world: 20% of the strategic reserves of fresh water on Earth (23 000 m 3 ) is concentrated here in Baikal from the Cup. Moreover, 60 cubic metres of this pure life-giving water annually produced by the lake. Legendary daughter of Baikal, Angara together with his "favorite" — the Yenisei — are those waters in the World ocean.
The transparency of Baikal can only be compared to the Sargasso sea. Even from space we can consider the bottom topography at a depth of half a kilometer. The purity of the water of the lake is a small crustacean epishura, polutorametrovuyu brother shrimp. This worker filters the water to a depth of half a meter, consuming algae and bacteria, saturating the lake with oxygen and being, in turn, a favorite dish of the famous Baikal omul.
First place is body of water (among all the continental) and the wealth of fauna: more than 2.5 thousand species of animals live here, and 23 of these inhabitants are found only in lake Baikal.
In the last 5 years studying the Baikal bottom. Scientists believe that under the water are deposits of archaeological artifacts, the ability to lift the veil on many mysteries of nature. All this tells the exposure of Russia's only Museum devoted to the lake. The Baikal Museum is open during the 20 years directly on the beach, at the origins of the Angara. Visitors it is interesting primarily for its interactivity: an aquarium with Baikal water, arboretum, and the bathyscaphe has visited about one million tourists.
Ordinary lake does not live more than 15 000 years. Lake Baikal more than 25 million, and he's not going to get old! Today, scientists assume that the outstanding natural feature, pushing its shores are 2 inches annually, is the embryo of a future ocean. So it's no surprise that lake Baikal has become one of the seven wonders of Russia, which certainly is plenty to choose from.