What does Borodino Day mean to Russia?
Can today collect in one field dragoons and hussars, cuirassiers and artillerymen, lancers and grenadiers, and both the Russian and the French army? Someone will think it's fantastic. Well, someone will answer in the affirmative.
There is such a meeting once a year on the first Sunday in September, when the Day of Borodino is celebrated and the battles of 1812 are being reconstructed. People, dressed in the military uniform of past years, recreate the picture of the battle that took place. Specifically, it was not established what day the Borodino Day should be celebrated in Russia. Therefore, in each year the date is different. And what is so remarkable about this day? Of course, a victory that has been hard for our people.
I was hoping to take over the world
Napoleon Bonaparte went to the Russian borders with his head held high. His army in the number of 600 thousand people conquered all European countries. But he had plans to take over the whole world. Russia was the last stumbling block. On June 24, the army of Bonaparte crossed the Neman. Under the general's plan, she had to quickly defeat a few Russian troops stationed near the border, and open her way to Moscow. But Bonaparte, of course, could not have foreseen that Commander-in-Chief Kutuzov would decide on a general battle, even though his army would retreat.
Russians do not give up
The area for the battle was chosen not accidentally. The land near the village of Borodino was covered with ravines, streams and rivulets. Kutuzov hoped to wear out the enemy, to deprive people of their strength, especially since the French army was already small in number, although it surpassed Russian artillery power. Our people had to stand up to the end. Otherwise, I would have to open roads to Moscow.
During the battle, the Russians suffered severe losses, even the French were amazed by their perseverance. After all, despite all the power of the enemy, Kutuzov's army did not surrender its positions.
The tragedy of human lives
Not for nothing in our country celebrate the Day of Borodino. After all, the victory went at a high price. On the battlefield, 39 thousand soldiers fell, 29 generals. The French suffered much more. 59 thousand people and 47 generals were killed, missing or wounded. Despite the irreparable losses that his troops suffered, Napoleon disputed the results of the battle and did not consider himself a loser.
But the facts speak for themselves. It was on this day that the spirit of the army was broken, and Bonaparte realized that he could not conquer the world. Kutuzov also admired the courage and perseverance of his soldiers. The heroes of the battle of 1812 are known to this day. They are Tolstoy, Tuchkov, Raevsky, Bagration, Davydov, Barclay de Tolley.
How to celebrate now
Now Borodino Day is considered a holiday not only in honor of victory, but also as a reminder of how much it cost: how many there were victims, how bitterly the Russians and French fought on the field. It was not just a battle, but a tragedy of many lives. Members of military-patriotic clubs and other people who are not indifferent to the history of their country gather at the Borodino field. They change into costumes of that era and show the audience how things really happened. When Borodino Day came in the 200th time, representatives of various countries, including Canada, the United States, and Europe, gathered to reconstruct the battle. No one remained indifferent to the fortitude and courage of the soldiers of those years.
Every year Borodino Day is also celebrated by the reconstruction of the battle of two great armies. People who come to take part in it, master costumes, equipment and weapons with their own hands. Also in the battle participate horses of sports clubs who are not afraid of shots. Celebration begins with the laying of wreaths and honoring the participants of the battle of 1812. At the end of the parade and rewarding especially distinguished. In addition to the participants in the reconstruction, there are simple spectators on the field of Borodino who are fond of their homeland or are interested in the history of that era.
Borodino's Day is a celebration of victory, fortitude and fortitude. Sometimes schools teach courage. It would be nice if one of them was dedicated to the battle of 1812, which occurred on the Borodino field. This would be a good lesson of patriotism for the younger generation.