What it means to be a moral person from the point of view of different cultures
What it means to be a moral person? At first glance, the question seems very simple. Moral call those people who strictly adhere to accepted in society, ethics, guided by specific moral principles. But ethical standards are dependent on society, they are different in all peoples. It turns out, the question of what it means to be a moral person, there may be different answers? Try to understand.
Ideas of morality in different countries
Morality is an unwritten code that guides the life of society. In different countries different interpretations of the concept of "good", "evil", "bad", "shameful", "good", "right", etc. What it means to be a moral person, for example, in Thailand? Enough not to discuss out loud the life of the Royal family, especially the actions of the king. In Russia anyone can give their opinion on the personality and life of the President. Moral from the point of view of Islam I think of a man who clearly takes the Islamic Shari'ah. The criterion of morality is the motivation for his actions is sincere, selfish or hypocritical. Jews and Christians of ancient times believed that morality is God-sent and is a set of rules (10 commandments). It is only natural that the question of what it means to be moral, the responses of the representatives of these companies will give different, specific to a given culture and morality. But they will have something in common: all cultures recognize that moral people follow the laws and attitudes of the ethics, which is accepted in a particular society never breaks the laws (legal and moral) taken in his environment. This is correct, but a narrow understanding of morality. But in the world there are universal, independent of particular culture values. And from this point of view, the answer to the question about what it means to be a moral person, will sound quite differently.
Universal morality and ethics
Moral and moral values are not inherent to a specific society and specific person. They can mutate over time: the individual and society are developing, changing traditions and practices, new relationships. However, among all peoples, regardless of the time of their residence on the Land, culture, religion and government, there are absolute moral truths. Prohibitions on murder and theft — only two examples of universal values. They are necessary for the prosperity of every society and for the peaceful coexistence of peoples with different religions and cultures. From this point of view, the answer to the question about what it means to be a moral person, will be slightly different. Suppose someone follows the laws (written and unwritten), no swearing on the streets, does not kill animals and people, does not disrupt public order because it is prohibited or not accepted. Of course, this person can be called moral. But if someone does the same thing on their own convictions, is deeply moral. What it means to be a moral person? You follow prescribed principles and rules, to avoid condemnation or punishment. What it means to be a moral person? To understand the importance of values dear to all people, to follow morality, not from fear, but from conviction.
Man is born in society, so childhood absorbs his morality. Unfortunately, it often happens that a small-town ethic begins to predominate over human values. And then the Muslims are against Christians, the crusaders trying to impose by the sword their beliefs, some countries have their own "democracy" the neighbors are not interested in their beliefs. In today's troubled world it is particularly important from childhood to teach a child moral and ethical foundations.
To do this, in 19 regions of the Russian Federation in the school curriculum introduced a new subject "Fundamentals of religious cultures and secular ethics" (ORKSE). What does it mean to be moral? What values close to people all over the world? What moral values underlie the different religions? Why do people have to adhere to universal values? To these and other questions we try to answer the teachers of the new subject. It aims to develop the motivation to make a conscious moral behavior, which is based on the ability to make right and free moral choice.
So what does it mean to be a moral person? This means:
- Stick of morality, adopted in a particular society.
- Be ready to make proper and informed moral choice.
- To consciously adhere to human values.
- In his behavior to be guided by these values.
- To be able to answer for the immoral or immoral acts.
- To understand that only respect for moral principles helps spiritually to live in society, to avoid wars, to develop.
Tyrants, dictators, despots, some modern politicians seek to dominate and to achieve their own goals, ignoring morals and moral laws. Society, headed by such rulers, are degraded. Tirana, after reaching the top, stay there alone.