What is Christmas? What is Christmas for children
For billions of people on planet Earth, Christmas is a meaningful and light, a truly great holiday. It is traditionally celebrated throughout the Christian world in honor of the birth of the baby Jesus in Bethlehem. New style – December 25 (Catholic), old – January 7 (the Orthodox), but the essence is the same: the celebration of the Christ – that is Christmas! It is the possibility of salvation of all mankind, which came to us with the birth of the baby Jesus.
The importance of
What is Christmas for Catholics? This is the most revered holiday. The Catholic Church believes it is even higher Easter, brings to the fore the physical birth of Christ, which gave the possibility of universal atonement of sins. For Orthodox Christians the feast is the second in importance after the Resurrection. In the first place spiritual birth – the resurrection and ascension Teacher at the sky.
What is Christmas? Description, the origin of the feast is familiar to us from the gospel. Maria, along with his parents lived in Nazareth (Galilee). She was born when her parents, Joachim and Anna were getting on in years, was a welcome and a late child. When Mary turned 3 years, she went to the Temple of the Lord in Jerusalem, where she was raised in piety. When it came time to marry, she found a pious and righteous husband of Joseph the carpenter. Mary and Joseph got engaged.
The Appearance Of Archangel
One day, Maria goes to the water source. She is the angel that proclaims the future birth of a baby from the Holy spirit. Will the male baby, and he was destined to die for the sins of the human race, assuming the redemption and purification. Maiden marvels, but accepts the will of God. Soon, her position is not to hide, and people are starting to condemn Mary because she was still only engaged. Even Joseph intended to leave her. But the angel, in his dream the night tells the story of the immaculate conception of the Holy spirit, and Joseph obeys. At the behest of the Lord, he will have to stay with wife and child. The righteous declares Mary his wife.
Maria, already pregnant with her husband Joseph to Bethlehem otpravlyaetsya. Find asylum on arrival in the city they failed, but they see the cave outside and take cover there. Maria feels that it is the time of birth. Here, in the cave of shepherds, and born, the baby Jesus, and the birth heralds a bright star of Bethlehem. Its light illuminates the earth, and far to the East, the Magi, the Chaldean sages, I understand, that fulfilled the prophecy of the Scriptures: the King, the Savior is born!
The gifts of the wise men
To see the Messiah, the Magi are going on a long journey. And the shepherds, vypirayuschie cattle to the neighbouring pastures, the first worship the Savior, hearing the singing of angels who Herald the birth. On arrival in Judea the wise men in bright shining star find the cave where the Holy family is hiding. Nearer to Christ, they bring gifts of frankincense and myrrh, and gold. And after removed to glorify Jesus each in their land.
The massacre of the innocents
King Herod, who heard about the birth of the King of the world in Bethlehem, he ordered his subordinates to kill all the male babies under two years of age. But the Holy family flees from town to Egypt to save Jesus from the massacre. Here are summarized the Christian story about what Christmas.
This holiday we began to celebrate in the X century, since the spread of Christianity in the lands subject to the Prince Vladimir, which was considered to be baptized Rus. In a strange way Christmas has teamed up with a pagan festival to honor the spirits of their ancestors – Christmastide. Therefore, in the Russian context of the celebration of the present and the Christmas rituals. To understand what Christmas in Russia, you need to know and these more ancient Slavic traditions.
So name the day which precedes Christmas, the last day of lent (24 Dec – Catholics, January 6 – Orthodox). The word "sochivo" - literally translated as "vegetable oil". So-called porridge, seasoned with vegetable oil, which was supposed to have that day. In the morning on Christmas Eve in all areas of cleaning up, purity, scrubbing the floor and rubbed the juniper branches. Then a hot bath to cleanse the body and soul.
The evening was about the big companies – to sing carols. Dressed in strange clothing, painted faces. On the sled planted carols, as a rule, a doll dressed in a white shirt. Sang ritual songs.
What is Christmas for children?
The children produced a star and walked through the village. Singing under the Windows or went into the house. It was a song basically glorifying the occasion. Also called the owners and received gifts from them – money, cakes, chocolates and sweets. Thus, from an early age, kids know what Christmas, and accustomed to the traditions and beliefs of Orthodoxy.
There was a tradition (relevant in our time) cooking special dishes related to the great feast, performing a symbolic role. Kutia meant in the sacred sense of the continuity of existence, continuity of generations, fertility and prosperity. Broth is a drink made in honor of the birth of baby Jesus. This combination of kutya and stewed fruit was usually served on Christmas. The pudding is cooked, usually early in the morning from cereal grains, and then stewed in the oven and add honey, butter. A sauce prepared from dried fruits and berries on the water. And yet such dishes placed under icons on the hay in honor of Jesus being born in a manger. Also baked in various animal figurines – sheep, cows, chickens – as the holiday symbols, and then handed them out to relatives and friends.
The star of Bethlehem
What is Christmas and how was the process of the celebration? In the evening all were waiting on the sky the star of Bethlehem, symbolizing the birth of the Savior. Only after this event could be taken for food. At the same time the table and benches were supposed to cover the hay. It symbolized the cave where Christ was born.
In the Christmas Eve were not supposed to work. This evening young girls usually wondered.
From Christmas until the Epiphany (January 19) as the days passed, called the Yuletide. On the first day early in the morning were "seeding" of huts. The shepherd, entering the room, scattered a handful of oats. It symbolized wealth, health and fertility.
On the feast of the Nativity for children
For kids Christmas is always a fairy tale, it is not necessary to forget about it. If the child is small, he may also be happy to participate in the celebration. Buy him a coloring book, a story about what Christmas is for children. Help learn a verse or a Christmas Carol, to tell her guests. Can be done by hand, this Nativity scene by cutting out and coloring small figurines of actors along with your toddler.
If the child is older, you can teach him to sing Christmas carols, and even go together with children to pokolyadovat to the neighbors. Of course, the child for it to receive a variety of rewards – candy, small change, sweets. And in many countries it is customary to give children gifts on Christmas. Let us maintain this good tradition!