What can I give a child in 3 months? Menu for the child in 3 months
Many doctors agree that it is possible to begin to give a dense lure to a child only with half a year. Until that time, the baby must be fed with mother's milk or liquid substitute mixes. However, experts of the International Health Organization believe that lure is shown to infants from an early age, but it can lead to a shortage of iron and affect the growth of the baby.
General principles of nutrition
Each caring mother asks questions about what can be given to a child in 3 months of life and to what extent. The norm for babies at this age is the amount of food equal to 1/6 of its weight. In any case, the baby should eat at least 1/7 part per day. The weight of one portion directly depends on the weight of the child. Therefore, the daily rate is approximately 1 kilogram (1 liter of milk / mixture).
By 3 months, babies should weigh 4.5 to 8 kg (with an increase from 55 to 65 cm). At this age, it is already possible to gradually remove the sixth feeding. Then one serving will be about 200 g. In the case of breastfeeding, the mother must ensure that her child sucks the milk completely.What can I give the baby in 3 months of supplementary foods? At the first stage, you can introduce into the lure the boiled yolk of a domestic chicken egg, but it should be done gradually. It is better to start with 1/8 part (on the tip of a teaspoon). If an allergic reaction does not occur within a day, you can give the baby a quarter of the yolk, and then a half. However, too often to do this is not recommended (up to 3 times a week). Juice for a child at 3 months is given only by doctor's prescription.
It is also important to make a feeding schedule at this stage. The first breakfast at the baby should be at 6.00, then every 3.5 hours until 20.00.
When to start lure
Most experts agree that it is only 4 months from the introduction of supplementary foods in the infants menu, but the pediatrician must decide all the controversial issues. If the baby develops well, it has a strong stomach and no addiction to allergy, you can safely move on to lure and at an earlier age.
When expanding the baby's diet, it is important to monitor his condition and appetite. It should be understood that not all food is suitable for a small child (3 months). Komarovsky, a well-known Russian pediatrician and blogger, believes that complementary foods should be given only with a spoon, although they are semi-liquid. This applies to boiled egg yolk, diluted in milk, and vegetable purees, and grated fruits.You can not give two new babies immediately. To begin with, the stomach and the body of the baby should get used to one, and only then to the next. After introducing complementary foods, you need to pay attention to the child's behavior, his desire to take new food, the shape and color of his stool, the changes in gas formation, the presence of allergic reactions.
In the case of artificial feeding, additional products can be tried from the beginning of the third month of life. If the only source of nutrition for the baby is still breast, then the menu is expanded closer to the 15th week. It is important that each complementary meal be heat-treated and then thoroughly crushed. Too thick food a 3-month-old baby can not overpower, so for consistency, it should be semi-liquid.
How to start lure
Closer to the end of the 3rd month of life, the baby can be given the most low-allergenic vegetables. Breastfeeding, whose diet is limited only to milk, any expansion of the menu is to your liking.
At first the baby can push out food with his tongue, wrinkling his face noticeably. However, after the new dish is rasprobovano, the appetite of the baby will improve in a moment. What can I give the child in 3 months first thing? Of course, only vegetables in a small amount. The first 2-3 weeks serving should be up to 3 teaspoons per day. Introduce new dishes should be closer to dinner, before the main feed.
It is recommended to start with carrots or potatoes. Vegetables should be ground to a semi-liquid state. Cook them only a couple.
Before cooking, the vegetable should be thoroughly rinsed and cleaned. The next stage will be cutting carrots in small pieces, so that it is fully cooked, and all the useful substances are not extracted into the water. For steaming, the cubes should be about 1 cm in size. The pieces of the vegetable must be heat treated until the majority of the water is boiled (25-30 minutes).
Once the carrot has a soft consistency, it should be wiped on a sieve or blender. Mix mashed potatoes with warm milk without salt. It is allowed to add a drop of olive oil to the dish.
This dish can be prepared in two ways. Unlike other vegetables (only for a couple), potatoes are allowed to boil. To do this, it should be cleaned and cut into large pieces, then placed in an enamel pot and simmer over low heat. Digest potatoes is not worth it, because all the nutrients will go into the water. Next, the vegetable is warmed to a smoothie and mixed with milk until it is semi-liquid.To prepare potatoes for steaming, it should be crushed into small pieces, so that in the end the core does not remain solid.
In vegetable puree for children (3 months), you can add a third of a teaspoon of olive oil.
If the child responds well to each vegetable individually, then you can start combining them. First, you can give the baby a mixed mashed potatoes and carrots. Then gradually include in the diet and cauliflower, and pumpkin, and broccoli, and zucchini. Many doctors allow you to give babies even turnips and greens, but these products at such an early age are not recommended for complementary foods.
Prepare vegetables better individually, because one of them can already be cooked, while the other just begins to reach a soft consistency. It is important to give the mixture only in the form of liquid puree. It should be noted that the potato contains a lot of starch, so it should not be more than half of the serving.What to feed a child (3 months), if he has an allergy to such colorful vegetables as carrots and pumpkin? In this case, the ideal broccoli, as it contains more useful nutrients than in any other food approved by the baby.
Canned mashed potatoes
Many people do not have the opportunity to cook fresh food in the winter, but do not despair. Expanding the menu for the child (3 months) can also be done with canned vegetables. They are sold already ready and rolled in a jar.
When choosing such a complementary food, you should pay attention not only to the expiration date, but also to the puree composition. It should include only the vegetables and vegetable oil (salt is allowed). If the composition contains starch or some additives, it is not recommended for complementary foods until half a year, until the child's digestive system is finally formed.Today in the stores you can see jars of fruit puree, on the label of which there is an inscription "3+", that is "allowed for children from 3 months". This often misleads parents, supposedly the kid at that age should already eat pear, apples, and peaches. It is important to understand that for the stomach of a baby, fruits can be very harmful. Before buying such purees you should always consult a pediatrician and an allergist.
Closer to the 4th month, you can go to a new kind of combined menu. Vegetable soup is prepared very simply. To do this, you must rinse and cut into potatoes, cauliflower or broccoli, carrots. On the recommendation of the doctor in the composition, you can include beets, parsley and a little salt.
Cook soup should be about one and a half hours. The finished vegetables are thoroughly kneaded to a thick mashed potatoes. After that, add a little more to make the mixture softer. But what can be given to a child in 3 months if he has intolerance to potatoes? In this case, the vegetable in the soup can be replaced with semolina. However, it should be prepared separately from the rest of the ingredients.In the soup, you must add 1/2 teaspoon of olive oil. A small pinch of salt is allowed.
Problems with food at 3 months old
Many children by this age notice a decrease in appetite. This is most often due to the introduction into the diet of a new nutritious dish. In this case, it is not necessary to force a child through force. It is better to leave him alone and feed him the next time early. Another thing is if the baby is significantly undernourished throughout the day. Perhaps he has problems with the digestive system, so it's worth changing the diet.
Also, many mothers ask themselves when their child is 3 months old: "What should be fed if the baby is diathesis on the face from all new products?" In this case, a special diet and proper treatment is required, which is prescribed by the attending physician.
If the child refuses the breast, although it begins to suck with an appetite, it means that his ears (otitis) are very likely to be sore.