What if the child fell and hit his head? Komarovsky recommends
It is almost impossible to find a child who would not fall. As soon as the baby starts trying to walk, his body, though not completely, but still covered with bruises, abrasions, scratches. Nature took care of the child's body and provide maximum protection for the head from injury. Most falls do not cause significant harm restless. But there are injuries that are dangerous for baby's life and have severe consequences.
Why children often hit my head
Pediatricians state that the head leads in the number of injuries. Parents react more calmly when the baby damage the arm or leg. But the majority of injuries goes to the head.
Such statistics have their explanations. So, in children under 5 years head is relatively heavy and is large compared to other parts of the body. This physiological feature of young children affects the coordination of their movements. Enough just a slight push, the baby lost his balance and fell head down.
Physiological peculiarities of the child's brain
The baby's head has a slightly different structure than that of an adult. The bones of the skull of the baby is soft and flexible. This means that in a collision with a solid surface to break the skull difficult. During impact of elastic bone shifted and returned to its original position.
Another important feature of the children's brain is immature and the high content of cerebrospinal fluid. Baby's head is much easier to tolerate strikes.
Doctors in rare cases are diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury or concussion, when the child fell and hit his head. Komarovsky tells a lot about injuries and teaches parents to recognize dangerous symptoms. Known children's doctor gives valuable advice that tells you how to give first aid in different injuries of the head.
Examination of the child
If the child fell and hit his head, Komarovsky advises not to panic and to watch the baby in the next few days. Parents should provide the child with peace and not allow the action. If the first hours after the fall the toddler complains of nothing and feels good reasons to worry and to go to the doctors there.
A lot of evidence the reaction of the baby on the impact. For complex head injuries, which are accompanied by bleeding or a concussion, the child may suddenly become ill, or it may not behave as usual. If after the fall the kid calmly stood up and smiling, head injuries and internal organs unlikely.
In any case, if the child fell and hit his head, Komarovsky recommends to determine the presence of dangerous symptoms. They need to know all the parents in order to seek medical attention and prevent the development of complications and pathologies.
Doctors identify a number of serious symptoms that can occur if a child fell and hit his head. Komarovsky was a list of these symptoms:
- Impaired consciousness of any intensity and duration.
- Inappropriate behavior.
- A speech disorder.
- Increased sleepiness.
- Severe headaches that manifested during the first hours after the fall and remain for longer period of time.
- Repeated attacks of vomiting.
- The imbalance.
- Different sizes of pupils.
- Weakness of the hands and feet, inability to move them.
- Dark circles under the eyes.
- Bleeding or drainage streaked with blood from the ears or nose.
- Violation of the senses.
These symptoms can occur in children of different ages. The presence of at least one indicates the need for immediate treatment for medical help.
Falling off the couch
Young parents often underestimate the ability of babies. They allow themselves to leave the baby on the couch unattended. Already 4 months, the baby is actively moving and trying to roll over. At the same time, the baby slowly begins to crawl. At this age for your child need eyes and the eyes if the parents are willing to protect the child from injury.
Probably, in each family there was a case that at the age of, say, 6 months baby couch fell off and bumped his head. Komorowski believes that such an event is almost inevitable. All children under 1 year often fall out of bed. Toddlers are still unable to assess the danger of his actions and for a split second, slipping on the floor. Even a very attentive mother may not see for a fidgety baby away for a bottle.
In children the first year of life is actively developing brain and Central nervous system and skull bones are still not strong enough and are loosely connected. This increases the risk of injury in the fall resulting in a traumatic brain injury. Therefore, it is important not to let a 6 months old baby fell and hit his head. Komorowski warns about the consequences. The kid can get a concussion and even an open head injury.
What to do if baby fell off the couch
If the child fell off a sofa and hit his head, Komarovsky recommends to immediately take the baby to soothe him. According to the doctor, in most cases, there is no reason to worry. The height of the sofas is about 50 cm or even less. A fall from this height may not significantly damage the brain. Usually the child can only be scared and cry.
As soon as the baby calmed down, inspect him for any bruises, bumps and wounds on the head. It is important to observe his reactions and behavior.
If the child fell off a sofa and hit his head, Komorowski recommends, of course, the presence of suspicious symptoms, immediately consult a doctor. What are those signs?
Symptoms of serious injury to infants
That baby got dangerous injuries, according to the following symptoms:
- Loss of consciousness for a short and a long time immediately after the fall or after some time.
- The formation of edema at the point of impact, which is growing vigorously.
- The presence of vaginal bleeding from the nose and ears.
- Abnormal behavior of the baby, which could signal headaches.
- Constant crying.
- Violation of coordination of movements.
The famous physician who described the symptoms when the child fell and hit his head, Komorowski. The dangerous consequences of such a strike in case of untimely medical intervention threaten the health of babies.
Tactics of treatment of head injury in infants
At the slightest suspicion on cherepno-a brain trauma infants should be hospitalized in a hospital for examination by neurosurgeons and neurologists. To confirm the diagnosis the following tests and studies:
- Ultrasound of the brain.
- Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.
When the diagnosis is confirmed the baby is prescribed the appropriate medication, physiotherapy and special treatment. Properly prepared therapy helps in the healing of injuries with minimal impact.
First aid before arrival of doctors
The most common question asked by all young parents: "What to do? The child fell and hit his head." Komarovsky recommends to examine the baby and perform the following steps:
- If there is a minor injury, it is sufficient to attach to the site of edema ice or a cold object. This will reduce the swelling.
- Regardless of the force of the blow baby it is necessary to ensure peace. If the trauma is expressed, it is important not to allow the child to sleep until the arrival of the ambulances. This recommendation also will allow not to miss other symptoms.
- Put the baby on the bed in such a position that the spine and head were on the same level.
- If there is vomiting, the baby should be laid on its side to highlight easily depart and do not interfere with the victim to breathe normally.
These are the basic guidelines that will help to Orient in a situation and will tell you what to do if a child fell and hit his head. Komorowski pediatrician as prohibits to take any other action. During the exam, the doctor will be able to identify the severity of shock and make the conclusion about the necessity of hospitalization.
The most common and the most easy injury – soft tissue injury. In this case, the brain is not damaged. After hitting on the scalp may form a lump or abrasion.
In traumatic brain injury, the consequences can be different. In mild cases, the child recovers completely. If the injury is heavy can disrupt important brain functions.
When severe lesions of the brain the prognosis of development disorders unpredictable. Completeness of recovery depends on tactics of treatment of drugs used, adherence to the recommendations of the doctor, injury severity, gender and age of the baby, his state of health.
One of the most famous pediatricians, which encourages parents to respond quickly when the child fell and hit his head, Komorowski. The consequences of such injuries are life-threatening. Timely provision of medical care to prevent complications.
How to protect your baby from falling
If in 3 months the child fell and hit his head, Komarovsky in this case, blame the parents. Many injuries could be avoided if you ensure your child's complete safety. Most often babies fall from changing tables. Therefore it is better to swaddle the baby and carry out hygienic procedures on a couch or use a table with high sides. At the same time near the child must be one of the adults.
In addition, near the surface on which to lie baby, you can lay the carpet. It to soften a possible fall. Some parents even put on the floor pillows or blankets.
Other simple recommendations:
- Not to leave the baby on the changing table or on the couch. If there is a need for a few seconds to leave the room, it is better to put your baby in his crib or in the stroller.
- Being close to the baby, you should hold his hand. Often babies fall to the floor in front of your mother.
- Try not to permanently leave the baby alone in the room. Six-month-old baby can already try to sit down and try to get out of his crib.
Increased attention from parents is required and during walks. Small and curious fidget can easily fall out of the cradle. The baby's desire to sit is a signal that it is time to transplant it into a stroller. Belts allow you to securely mount an active child and thus protect him from falling to the ground.
To save a child from head injuries when moving through the apartment, special modern fit – pads on sharp corners, rubberized floor mats. It is very important that the home shoes of the crumbs had a non-slip sole. For children under one year are issued socks with "brakes" that reduce slipping.
If the baby fell from a swing
Another dangerous place where injuries often occur when small children Playground. On the mound accumulates a lot of children who not only can do fall but to push each other. Even in kindergarten, it happens that the child fell off a swing and bumped his head. Komorowski believes that playgrounds are a place of danger, requires constant supervision for children.
To prevent serious injury pediatricians advise parents of preschoolers to always be with a child on the Playground and to support baby when he climbs on high structures. When the child has learned to skate, some of the adults still have to monitor him and to be at a distance of several meters. Both will be able to respond quickly to a baby's desire to make a dangerous movement, of which the results can be disastrous.
Head injury when falling on the Playground more dangerous. All the swings and slides made of metal that has a high injury risk. And if to consider a concrete pad, it is not surprising the fact that the risk of greatly damaging the head is quite high.