What does the guinea pig eat? The better the guinea pigs are fed
You probably saw a guinea pig at least once. Many people even held this creature in their hands. Guinea pigs are very cute and funny rodents, making funny sounds. You can buy them both at the zoo market and at the pet store. In addition, there are special nurseries, where such rodents are bred. There are not very many of them now. If we talk about those who are in Russia, a vivid example is the nursery of guinea pigs "Fili".
Guinea pig feeding at home
If you were fascinated by this pretty little beast and decided to start it at home, then first you should carefully think about what you will feed it. We will talk about this in our article. Guinea pig is a herbivorous rodent. Everyone knows that vegetable food is coarse and malopitutive. For this reason, to ensure themselves with the necessary substances, beasts must eat a lot. If such rodents live in nature, then they eat a huge amount of vegetation (fresh). These animals eat almost always, not knowing that there are such things as dinner, breakfast and lunch. Food in the intestine of the animal in small portions should arrive almost continuously. This is the only way to ensure the best processing of rough food by your pet's body.
So, what does the guinea pig eat? We found out that the greens. There is a lot of ascorbic acid in it. Because of a lack of vitamin C, an animal may have health problems. All because ascorbic acid maintains the normal state of the walls of the blood vessels. Vitamin C is also necessary for a full-fledged immune defense.
A good source of ascorbic acid are sprouted oats and green grass. On the day the rodent needs about twenty milligrams of vitamin C. During the gestation period, mumps will require slightly more ascorbic acid - about 30 milligrams per day.
This microelement is also found in salad, dogrose, sweet pepper and, of course, in fresh greens. In the drinking bowl of rodents, you can add vitamin C to 5 mg (you can buy it at a pet store or veterinary pharmacy). In addition, ampoules are sold and ascorbic acid (you can buy even in a regular pharmacy). You can also use special vitaminized food and feeding for rodents.
But back to our main topic. What does the guinea pig eat? Her diet is quite varied. All feed can be divided into several subspecies: coarse, concentrates and juicy.
This term means hay and twigs. They contain very little moisture, but a lot of fiber. This type of food is irreplaceable. It is necessary for the rodent to grind the teeth, and also to improve peristalsis and maintain a viable state of cellulose-processing microflora in the intestine. As you know, cellulose has an absorption action. It, like a magnet, "attracts" to itself toxic substances and carries them away, thus cleansing the intestines.
In this regard, in the cage of your pet should always be hay. Another advantage of this product is that it spoils very slowly.
What is the best way to feed guinea pigs? Succulent feed, that is, greens and vegetables. This type of food in the pet's diet should be plenty. Let's talk about it in more detail.
So, this food must be consumed guinea pig. Food should be diversified as much as possible. Therefore, guinea pig can be given red clover, meadow grass, plantain, yarrow. Note that the green must be selected carefully, because some plants can be harmful to the rodent.
What does the guinea pig eat besides roughage and fresh herbs? Of course, vegetables (parsley, broccoli, Chinese cabbage, etc.). Let's talk more about this topic. As we have already found out, guinea pigs eat salad, and all its varieties. This feed should be fresh, as the leaves spoil in a matter of hours.
Another guinea pig enjoys eating parsley. It contains a lot of magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and vitamins. It is appreciated for having antiseptic properties. Offer your pet and dill. It contains iron, potassium and carotene. Dill reduces the formation of gases in the intestine. True, this greens should not be given in large quantities, since it contains many essential oils.
Cucumbers are the subject of adoring guinea pig. The juice of cucumbers has a weak anti-inflammatory effect. Another advantage of this vegetable is its low calorie content. It is useful to give those rodents who need to lose weight. But do not feed the young guinea pig only cucumbers, even though they are very fond of them. After all, a growing body must receive adequate nutrition.
The record holder for ascorbic acid is sweet pepper. In addition, it contains a large amount of carotene. Peppers should be fed with slices, but, of course, without seeds.
Another useful product for guinea pigs is carrots. It contains many vitamins, carotene, glucose and trace elements.
Tomatoes should also enter the rodents menu. They contain carotene and vitamin C. It is necessary to give the pet only mature fruit. Green tomatoes can not be offered to rodents, since they contain solanine (a poisonous substance). When it ripens, it collapses.
Cabbage is a healthy vegetable, but it should be given with caution. It contains a lot of sugar, protein and vitamins, as well as organic sulfur. True, cabbage can cause strong gas formation. The rodent should be given only the top leaves of cabbage (preferably white-headed). Although if you are new to the content of such animals, it is better not to spoil your pet with such a product. It's best to give him a little broccoli, it's not so dangerous.
What does the guinea pig eat, in addition to all of the above? Melons (pumpkins, melons, watermelons, etc.), which contain a lot of vitamins, carotene. They should be given to the rodent slices with skin. Especially useful to these animals zucchini and pumpkin. They serve as dietary food. Pumpkin seeds are a preventive against worms. In addition, they contain many vitamins, trace elements. In addition, they are an excellent source of zinc. This element is necessary for the prevention of skin diseases, maintaining the skin in good condition.
What else will rejoice guinea pig?
Nutrition of rodents should be balanced. Therefore, their diet should include fruit and berries. For example, rowan is useful. It contains a lot of ascorbic acid, carotene and vitamin P. The last element increases the strength of the vessels.
Pears and apples contain pectins, carotene and a lot of sugar. In addition, guinea pigs are happy to eat various berries, oranges and bananas.
This is a high-calorie feed. They contain a lot of protein and carbohydrates. To this group of feeds include grain, beans and seeds. Also in this category are ready-made feeds. Especially good products are based on herbal flour. Adult animals should be given about twenty grams per day. Nursing and pregnant females, as well as young individuals need more (about forty grams).
Feeding technology and precautions
How correctly to feed guinea pigs? It is best to give concentrates in the morning and at night. And put juicy food in a cage when you are at home, so that the remnants of this food after a meal can be removed. Always in a cage the rodent should have hay, and also a mineral-salt stone.
Note that guinea pigs do not tolerate starvation. A rodent who refuses food for some reason may develop dehydration and exhaustion. If you notice that your appetite has lost its appetite, do not hesitate and immediately contact your doctor.
Guinea pigs have a habit of constantly chewing something. It can do a disservice to them. After all, abundant consumption of concentrated feed and a sedentary lifestyle can lead to the development of obesity. This pathology, unfortunately, very often occurs in domestic rodents. Did you notice that your pet recovered? Immediately take measures to lose weight. After all, obese animals lose the ability to reproduce, and they also lose immunity.
Council to the owners of rodents
In order to make the right diet of guinea pig, the recommendations of veterinarians should be taken into account first. After all, every rodent is special, and it is possible that your pet will need more green vegetables, or, conversely, some foods will need to be removed, since the pet gained excess weight.
A small conclusion
Today we tried to figure out what the guinea pigs eat. Useful food for the rodent is plant food, especially various greens. Carefully select food for this animal, only then it will please you for a long time. Remember that eating the guinea pig is the key to her health.