Than to treat a rhinitis at children of 2 years: national means and traditional medicine
The occurrence of a common cold in children is a common phenomenon, so parents often do not worry much about this and do not take any measures to treat it. In fact, snot is often a symptom of a more serious illness. And in view of the special anatomical structure of the child's nose, it is necessary to identify the causes of the common cold, otherwise complications may occur later. Therefore, parents must know how to help their child and how to treat snot in the home.
Causes of a cold
We'll figure it out for a start with the causes of a cold. If the infants (babies) snot is a common problem due to narrow nasal passages, in older children (about 2 years) a stuffy nose is the first symptom of a cold, allergy or neglected chronic rhinitis. Let's talk about them in more detail.
Acute (infectious) cold
If a rhinitis occurs, you should not panic, but it is best to be ready and maximally relieve the child of stuffiness and swelling of the nose. Usually, when talking about the common cold in a child, we mean infectious or acute rhinitis that occurs due to the virus getting into the body or active bacterial growth.
How is it manifested? Physicians distinguish several stages of the disease:
- The first stage - "dry", is manifested by severe dryness and mucus edema, which causes nasal congestion.
- The second stage is "catarrhal", when due to the swelling of the tissue the blood flow increases, which leads to the release of mucus of nasal glands. At this stage, the defeat of other organs is possible, so the sick child will complain of severe nasal congestion, decreased sense of smell, wheezing in the throat, stuffiness of the ears, lacrimation, etc.
- The third period is characterized by recession of edema, relief of breathing and the ability to recognize odors. The consistency of the nasal passages at this moment changes color and becomes thicker.
If the baby has all these symptoms, parents need to buy a child for a child from a cold (from 2 years old the child can be given vasoconstrictive drops in the nose) or resort to treatment in popular ways.
Another, more serious cause - adenoids - proliferation of nasopharyngeal tonsils, which is often found in children from 2 years of age with frequent colds and otitis. Chronic form of rhinitis also occurs due to incorrect or untimely treatment. If the child regularly gets cold, does not breathe through his nose during sleep, complains of pain in the head, loss or distortion of gustatory sensations for more than a week is a neglected form of rhinitis. In this case, it is necessary to urgently appeal to LOR, because only he can diagnose this disease (a runny nose).
It can appear at any age. Allergy is the third popular cause of rhinitis. Most often the reaction appears on the dust, wool and saliva of the animal, bed linen material, pillows and blankets, flowering and pollen, poplar fluff, some types of products.
Sharp meals and spices can also cause snot in the baby. In general, anything that irritates the nasal mucosa can lead to a runny nose. Even passive smoking. Therefore, before treating the snot in a child, it is worth to determine whether he has any allergies. If the guesswork is confirmed - immediately eliminate the pathogen.
To rare causes of rhinitis is the wrong anatomical structure of the septum of the nose and tumors of various etymologies.
In any case, if you can not independently determine the cause of rhinitis or you do not know what to treat a cold in children 2 years old, be sure to contact an otolaryngologist. Otherwise, the consequences can be more than serious: starting from headaches and problems with inflammation of the middle ear and ending with a chronic runny nose, oxygen starvation of the brain or mastoiditis. To prevent this, let's understand how to quickly cure a runny nose to a child, 2 years old, who has already turned.
So, if you have determined that your child has acute rhinitis, and not chronic or allergic, then you can try to fix the situation with improvised means. It is better to begin in the early stages of the disease, until the ailment gives permanent relapses. A district pediatrician will tell you how to treat a cold in a child (folk remedies), 2 years - the age when one can safely resort to alternative medicine. Parents should do such manipulations:
- Make the baby a pair of foot baths with mustard. Let him drink a large amount of liquid: tea with honey, raspberry jam lime blossom or lemon. Bury in each nostril three drops of Kalanchoe.
- Do inhalations in the cold: children (2 years) can be allowed to breathe hot steam from the decoction of herbs. For this purpose, you can brew mint, eucalyptus, sage. The liquid is diluted with essential oils: 2 drops of the drug fall on a liter of water. The child should breathe the steam for 15 minutes, covering himself with a towel. Regularly ventilate the room.
And, most importantly, carry out thorough hygiene of the nasal cavity of the baby - clean it of mucus. Teach the youngster to blow out snot from each nostril in turn (by no means at the same time, because blood vessels can burst).
Treatment of colds medically
Folk recipes from the common cold are not the only solution, especially with a serious mucosal edema. However, you should not abuse abnormal drugs, especially without consulting a doctor. Before using medicines, it is necessary to thoroughly clean the child's spout from the mucus with a cotton swab and vaseline oil (rotational movements). Do this carefully so as not to damage the fragile, not fully formed vessels of the baby. Only after this procedure you can drip your nose.
So, what can you use without consulting a specialist? First, alleviate the general condition of the child. Lowering the temperature can be a febrifugal child "Ibuprofen" or "Paracetamol." Secondly, clean the nasal sinuses and facilitate breathing at the first signs of nasal congestion. For this purpose, you can use drops from the common cold for children 2 years old on the basis of sea water "Aquamaris" or regular saline solution that is sold in any pharmacy.
If the rhinitis lasts several days, to facilitate breathing and reduce the dilated and inflamed nasal capillaries, vasoconstrictive drops will help. For example, "Galazolin" or "Nazivin". Most often they drip in the midst of the disease. You can not use these funds for more than 10 days, because the reverse process will go. And more - be sure to specify in the pharmacy the age at which the medicine is intended - 2 years in our case.
Treatment of a cold in Komarovsky
His technique is very effective. What does the famous doctor Komarovsky recommend? Runny nose in the baby, he offers to treat in the following ways:
- Clean the spout with a cotton swab. It is them, not the pear with saline solution, since this can cause inflammation of the middle ear.
- Use sea drops and saline solution: two drops in each nostril to soften the crusts.
- Thoroughly ventilate the room where the child is, be sure to drink plenty of it with water.
Remember the main rule, which often says Komarovsky: a runny nose - the fight of immunity with infection, but you can not sit idly by. If the baby's spout clogs, it will start to breathe through the mouth, and, therefore, first the mucus of the throat, and then the bronchi will dry up. All this can provoke the development of bronchus or pneumonia. Therefore, always keep moist fresh air in the room, moisten the nasal sinuses with saline, oil and special drops.
If the common cold is allergic, then neither fresh air nor the above medicines will help. In this case, to eliminate the attack, you can drip "Naphthyzin".
When to call a doctor
As for childhood diseases, then, of course, a doctor's visit is mandatory, if folk recipes from the cold did not help and you decided to resort to the help of medications. The second point - if the snot in the child does not pass within 10-14 days. In this case, without applying effective treatment, you risk transferring a common catarrhal rhinitis into a chronic disease with severe consequences for the baby.
Prevention of rhinitis
How to treat a runny nose in children 2 years old, we figured out, but how not to prevent its occurrence? Prophylaxis means:
- regular ventilation and cleaning of the premises so that the microbes do not multiply;
- proper healthy eating of the child;
- regular walks in the fresh air;
- in the period of epidemics of ARVI - lubrication of the wings of the nose with antiviral drugs;
- timely immunization.
It is important to protect the baby from food allergens - chocolate, nuts, honey, which may also manifest allergic rhinitis.
How to relieve an attack of rhinitis
First of all, it is necessary to maintain the correct microclimate in the room where the ill child is. Humidity should be not less than 50%, and it is better more, as, according to the opinion of Dr. Komarovsky, dry air will lead to the drying of mucus, and, therefore, will provoke a decrease in the body's resistance. This can be achieved by special air humidifiers. The temperature in the room should not be more than 18-20 degrees.
Before treating a runny nose in children 2 years of age with medication or folk remedies, it is necessary to carefully and correctly clean the nasal sinuses to the baby. Blow out the snot in turn: first with one, then with the other nostril. If the child still does not know how to do this, you can remove the mucus aspirator. Do manipulation carefully so as not to damage the tissue and not carry the infection. Handkerchiefs are better to use disposable, with their repeated use it is possible to bring the infection repeatedly.
An experienced pediatrician will tell you how to treat a runny nose in children 2 years can not. Remember, in no case do the following manipulations:
- do not drip breast milk into the nose - this leads to the multiplication of bacteria;
- you can not put garlic, onion, soap in your nose - this leads to overdrying or burns mucous;
- do not bury antibiotics in the nasopharynx;
- do not abuse vasoconstrictor.
All these actions lead to serious and dangerous consequences.
Instead of concluding
These methods will help you safely get rid of rhinitis or prevent its appearance. Some of them are time-tested, while others are still in doubt. Therefore, remember: any treatment is individual, and what will cure one child, in the case of another will be ineffective.
For example, regular airing the room will benefit absolutely everything, but drops in the nose can both cure and cause allergies. And wrong therapy can provoke the development of all sorts of complications. Therefore, when choosing a method of treatment, always consult a doctor.