How to treat rhinitis in children 2 years of age: folk remedies and traditional medicine
The occurrence of rhinitis in children – the phenomenon usual, so parents often don't worry too much about this and do not take any measures for its treatment. Actually, snot is often a symptom of a more serious illness. And because of the special anatomical structure of the child's nose, to identify the causes of rhinitis is necessary, otherwise there may be complications in the future. Therefore, parents must know how to help their child and how to treat snot in the home.
Causes of runny nose
Understand the causes of the common cold. If you have babies (infants) snot – common problem due to narrow nasal passages, then the older kids (about 2 years) stuffy nose – the first symptom of colds, allergies or chronic rhinitis running. We'll talk more about them.
Acute (infectious) rhinitis
If you experience rhinitis do not panic, it is best to be prepared and to facilitate the child's congestion and swelling of the nose. Usually, speaking about the runny nose in a child, we mean an infectious or acute rhinitis, resulting from the introduction of the virus into the body, or an active bacteria.
How does it manifest itself? Doctors have identified several stages of the disease:
- The first stage is "dry", manifested by severe dryness and swelling of the mucosa, which causes nasal congestion.
- The second stage — "catarrhal" when because of the swelling of the tissue increases blood flow, which leads to the secretion of mucus nasal glands. At this stage it is possible to lose and other organs, so the sick child will complain of severe nasal congestion, decreased sense of smell, wheezing in the throat, stuffy ears, watery eyes, etc.
- The third period, regression of edema, easier breathing and the ability to recognize odors. The consistency of the nasal passages at this point changes color and becomes thicker.
If the baby has these symptoms, parents need to buy for Chad. (from 2 years of age a child may be given a vasoconstrictor nose drops) or to resort to the treatment of folk ways.
Another, more serious reason – adenoids – growth of nasopharyngeal tonsils, which often occurs in children from 2 years of age with frequent colds and ear infections. A chronic form of rhinitis is caused also due to wrong or delayed treatment. If a child regularly gets a cold nose not breathing during sleep, complains of pain in the head, the loss or distortion of taste sensations for more than a week – is running a form of rhinitis. In this case, it is urgent to contact Laura, since diagnosing the disease (runny nose) when he can.
It can appear at any age. Allergy is the third popular cause of rhinitis. The most common reaction appears on the dust, hair and saliva of the animal, bedding material, pillows and blankets, flowering, and pollen, Cottonwood fluff, certain types of products.
Spicy food and spices may also cause the nozzle to the baby. In General, anything that causes irritation of the nasal mucosa, can cause rhinitis. Even passive Smoking. So before you treat snot in a child is to determine if he has allergies. If suspicions confirmed – immediately eliminate the pathogen.
Rarely encountered causes of rhinitis should include irregular anatomical structure of the septum of the nose and tumors of various etymology.
In any case, if you are not able to independently establish the cause of rhinitis or not you know how to treat rhinitis in children 2 years of age, be sure to consult an otolaryngologist. Otherwise, the consequences can be more serious than, ranging from headaches and problems with inflammation of the middle ear to chronic rhinitis, oxygen starvation of the brain or mastoiditis. To prevent this, let us understand how to quickly heal a cold child, 2 years which have already been fulfilled.
So, if you have determined that your child acute rhinitis, not chronic or allergic, you can try to correct the situation using any means available. Better to start in the early stages of the disease, while the disease does not give permanent relapses. The doctor will tell you how to treat a runny nose in a child (folk remedies), 2 years – the age when one can easily resort to alternative medicine. Parents need to do such manipulation:
- Do the kid a pair of foot bath with mustard. Let him drink plenty of fluids, tea with honey, raspberry jam lime blossom or lemon. Bury in each nostril three drops of Kalanchoe.
- Do inhalation for colds: children (2 years) you can give to breathe hot steam from the decoction of herbs. In these purposes it is possible to brew spearmint, eucalyptus, sage. Liquid dilute essential oils: per liter of water drops 2 drops. The child should breathe in the steam for 15 minutes covered with a towel. Regularly ventilate the room.
And, most importantly, conduct a thorough hygiene of the nasal cavity of a baby clear it of mucus. Teach toddler to vyskakovaci the snot out of each nostril alternately (in any case not at the same time, because you can burst blood vessels).
Treatment runny nose drug
Popular recipes from a cold is not the only solution, especially when severe swelling of the mucous membrane. However, the abuse of obscure drugs not worth it, especially without consulting a doctor. Before applying the medication, thoroughly clean the child's nose of mucus with a cotton swab and paraffin oil (rotational movements). This should be done carefully so as not to damage the fragile not fully formed blood vessels of the baby. Only after this procedure it is possible to drip the nose.
So that you can use without professional advice? First, lighten the General condition of the child. Lowering the temperature can children's antipyretic "Ibuprofen" or "Paracetamol". Second, clean the sinuses and ease breathing at the first signs of nasal congestion. For these purposes, you can use nasal drops for children 2 years sea water "Akvamaris" or normal saline that is sold in any pharmacy.
If the rhinitis continues for several days, to ease breathing and reduce nasal inflammation and dilated capillaries, will help vasoconstrictor drops. For example, "Galazolin" or "Cold". Most often, they drip in the midst of the disease. You cannot apply these funds more than 10 days, because go in reverse. And yet – please specify at the pharmacy age, which is the cure 2 years in our case.
Treatment of rhinitis by Komarovsky
His technique is very effective. What recommends Dr. Komorowski? A runny nose in a toddler he proposes to treat in the following ways:
- Clean the spout toddler cotton wicks. It is they, and not the bag of saline, as this may cause inflammation of the middle ear.
- Use sea drops and saline: two drops in each nostril to soften the crusts.
- Thoroughly ventilate the area where the child is, be sure to water it plentifully with water.
Remember the cardinal rule, which is often said Komorowski: a cold — fighting immunity to the infection, but you sit back not. If baby's nose clogged, it will start to breathe through the mouth, and, then, first dry the mucus of the throat, and then the bronchi. All this can trigger the development of bronchitis or pneumonia. So be sure to keep damp fresh air in the room, moisturize the nasal passages by fibrestore, oil tools and special drops.
If the rhinitis is allergic in nature, then you will not help neither the fresh air nor the above medications. In this case, to eliminate the attack, can dribble, "Naphazoline".
When should I consult a doctor
As for childhood diseases, there is, of course, a visit to the doctor is necessary if traditional recipes from a cold has not helped and you decide to resort to medication. The second point – if the baby snot doesn't go away within 10-14 days. In this case, without effective treatment, you risk to move usual catarrhal rhinitis chronic disease with severe consequences for the baby.
Prevention of rhinitis
How to treat rhinitis in children 2 years of age, we figured out, but how to prevent its occurrence? Prevention involves:
- regular airing and cleaning, so germs don't multiply
- a proper healthy diet child
- regular walks in the fresh air
- during epidemics of SARS – a lubrication of nose antiviral drugs
- timely immunization.
It is important to protect the baby from food allergens – chocolate, nuts, honey, which can also manifest allergic rhinitis.
How to relieve an attack of rhinitis
First of all, you should maintain proper climate in the room where the sick child. Humidity should be at least 50%, and preferably more, since, according to the opinion of Dr. Komarovsky, dry air will lead to drying of mucus, and hence trigger a decrease in the resistance. This can be achieved with a special humidifier. The room temperature should be no more than 18-20 degrees.
Before to treat rhinitis in children 2 years of age, medication and folk remedies, you need to thoroughly and correctly clean the sinuses baby. To blow snot alternating one then the other nostril. If the child is still not able to do it, you can remove the mucus extractor. To do manipulation should be carefully not to damage the tissue and cause infection. Shawls it is better to use disposables when their repeated operation can be an infection again.
An experienced pediatrician will tell you what to treat rhinitis in children 2 years is impossible. Remember, in any case do not perform the following manipulation:
- no nose drip breast milk — this leads to the growth of bacteria
- you can't put in the nose garlic, onions, soap, as this may cause dryness and burns of the mucous
- don't bury the antibiotics in the nasopharynx
- do not overdo vasoconstrictor.
All of these actions lead to serious and dangerous consequences.
Instead of a conclusion
These methods will help you safely to get rid of rhinitis, or to prevent its occurrence. Some of them are time-tested, others are questionable to this day. So remember: any treatment individually, and what will cure one child, in the case of others will be ineffective.
For example, regular airing of the room will benefit everybody, but the drops in the nose can cure and cause allergies. And the wrong therapy can trigger the development of various complications. Therefore, when choosing methods of treatment be sure to consult with your doctor.