Diamond cichlasoma – a living treasure aquarium collection
Diamond cichlasoma — large territorial fish with high body laterally flattened. The homeland of this breed are reservoirs of Northern Mexico and Texas, with the result that it is called the "jewel of Texas". It is believed that the fish is able to recognize its owner. Description of aquarium fish of this breed should start with their main decoration which consists of emerald, glowing blue spots, relief covering the entire body of the fish, Gill covers they merge into a continuous band. In the aquarium this beauty reaches a length of 20 cm In good conditions larger cichlids live to almost 20 years. To accurately determine the gender of your pet can be around the age of one year upon reaching the age of sexual maturity. The males of these fish are larger, their color brighter and more aggressive behavior to members of their species. With age on his forehead the male grows a massive fat pad. Anal and dorsal fin of females is rounded, the male is pointed.
Behaviors and conditions
Diamond cichlasoma is an aggressive behavior towards members of their species. The struggle of the males for their territory may lead to the death of the weaker fish, so 100 liters of volume is better to have one pair. Caring for a diamond cichlasoma presents little difficulty because of the love fish to break the soil in the aquarium. For this reason, you should choose large soil, are quite strong plants and a powerful filter. Plants should be planted in individual pots and protected from excavation of the stones that the fish will not be able to turn. Diamond cichlasoma suitable landscape with plenty of hiding places. The optimum composition of water are the following: pH of 7.5, a water hardness of 10-15 and in the temperature range of 20-28 ° C. At feeding preference should be given to animal feed, from time to time, alternating them with plant food.
Breeding and care of offspring
Young people with joint content chooses a pair that persists for life. Parents determine their territory, choose a place to nest and guard it fiercely from outsiders. A clear sign of readiness to spawn is a change in color. The tail half of the fish's body becomes almost black and the rest becomes light color. Diamond cichlasoma can lay on a flat rock to 1000 eggs, but most often their number is 3 times less. Diamond cichlasomas highly developed parental instinct, the fish will monitor the cleanliness of their nests fiercely guard the eggs and fry. After spawning, many aquarists suggest to keep one fish, since it is possible the showdown associated with defending parental rights. During this period, fish is better not to bother because the stress there are cases of eating their own eggs or fry.
Diamond cichlasoma needs the right mix of neighbors. For cohabitation it is advisable to select proportionate or nimble fishes best along the ones that grew up together. If the pair for diamond cichlasoma was later selected by the aquarist, the first time you should carefully observe how they get along together. To fish appeared in all its glory, in addition to good conditions, it is necessary to pay attention to proper lighting.