Child safety on the road - basic rules and recommendations
- home and family
- Child safety on the road - the basic rules and recommendations. Safety of children's behavior on the roads
The safety of the child on the road is certainly an important and relevant topic. Daily in the news bulletins you can see a message about accidents involving children. Parents from the earliest age should tell, to acquaint their children with the rules that must be observed on the roads. And you need to do it systematically. How to get this information to the child more easily, let's talk in the article.
Why do crashes occur?
Unfortunately, the statistics show that most of the accidents on the roads, in which the children are involved, are caused by the fault of their parents. And this is not surprising, because in our country, adults are busy with other more important, in their opinion, problems: how best to dress the kid in the garden and school, what gadget to give him, in which section to write? Undoubtedly, these questions are important, but not the way the child's safety on the road.
If we cite the figures of accidents, they will be simply stunning. 40% of children die under the wheels of cars in their own yard, and 10% - in road accidents, in which their drunken parents participate. With each year, the numbers are inexorably growing. Child mortality on the roads makes you think about whether the parents bring up their children properly.
The number of accidents involving children increases in winter. It would seem, what is the logic? The answer is really simple, the kids with the advent of the first snow are making slides in unsuccessful places, close to highways. When you descend, the sleigh takes off on the road, and as a result, accidents take place.
It is worth noting that children have little developed a sense of fear. They think that they are fast, smart, deft, they will have time to run across the road. Also, children under the age of 10 can not estimate the real distance left before the moving machine. For many children, it is quite usual to go to the roadway on your bike or play near a road with active traffic.
Such a topic as the safety of children on the streets and roads should be studied by each parent and reported in detail to the child.
When to start talking with children about safety on the road?
Many parents mistakenly believe that with the rules of behavior on the road the guys should only get acquainted when they go to school. But this is not so. Psychologists have proved that the basic childish instincts, the manner of behavior are developed at an early age. Parents for the child are the standard and an example to be imitated. Therefore, their behavior will depend on whether the child will be able to comply with the rules of the road. Try to be an example to him, always voice, repeat the canons of behavior on the road, and then your baby will be completely safe.
Learning how to play
Many people are wondering where to get information from parents about the safety of children on the roads? If you do not know how to properly present information to a small child, you can contact the tutor preschool. In all gardens lessons are required, on which teachers are available to the children of the rules of the road.
Classes are held in the form of a game. Bright, musical posters are used. Puzzles are fixed to fix the material. The quatrains about traffic lights, pedestrian crossing, sidewalk and others are being cleared away.
As a homework, children are offered to draw a picture on the topic: "Children and the road." And here the participation of parents is already important. It is an ideal case to once again speak, to fix with the child the studied material. Joint creativity brings together.
In schools in Russia in September, compulsory class hours are held on the topic "To the children of the Moscow region - safety on the roads!". As guests there are DPS employees, who tell in detail about the situations on the roads.
Parents, this information is for you!
Safety of children's behavior on the roads is extremely important. From the right decisions the life of your child depends. Therefore, it is necessary to understand clearly the information to him and above all not to break the rules themselves:
Be especially careful when crossing the road with the baby. Do not let go of his hands.
You are an example for a child. Never allow yourself to cross the highway. Remember, seeing this once, he will imitate you.
Talk with the children. The game form is the best for training. Learn the verse about the traffic lights and, crossing the road, tell it to your child.
It is not worth saving. The safety of the child on the road is above all. A good car seat is a source of extra safety for the baby.
The yard is a dangerous place. Running out into the street, the children do not look around and do not expect trouble. Explain to the child the correct manner of behavior.
Baby can not remember the basic rules of the road? In this case, a poster hanging in a prominent place will help. You can buy it in any bookstore.
Remember, not always the situation depends on the driver. There are so-called dead zones. The driver, being in them, will not physically see the child.
Child - passenger
If parents have a car, you must follow certain rules when transporting children:
From birth to twelve years old, the child should be in the car only in a special chair. Make sure that it matches the age and weight of the baby.
Explain to your child the rules for exiting vehicles: this can only be done on the right side, which is closer to the sidewalk.
Never put the child in the front seat. As statistics show, this is the most traumatic zone in an accident.
While the vehicle is moving, do not allow children to get up from the seat. Under heavy braking, the child can fly over the seats and hit the glass.
And a separate tip for parents: never sit down drunk behind the wheel, especially if there are children in the car. Remember, the road - a place where you need maximum attention, even the slightest hitch can be deadly.
Children and railways
Do not forget that children are too curious. In addition to the correct behavior on the roads, they need to be familiarized with how to behave on the railway track:
it is necessary to pass only in a specially equipped place;
if the locomotive is seen ahead, never cross the road;
pay attention to special traffic lights;
Safety on the railway for children is also important. Without respecting her, you can forever remain a cripple or die. The most important rule that must be conveyed to a child is not to play on the railway, because this is not a place for entertainment.
Do not need too much
The safety of the child on the road is certainly an important topic for conversation. But you can not require the child to know the rules of the road at an early age. Psychologists state the following:
At 3 years old, the child already knows the colors, so you need to familiarize yourself with the traffic lights. He also distinguishes a moving machine from standing, but still does not take it seriously. Feelings of fear and danger are dulled.
At the age of 6, children are quite active; they still cannot fully concentrate their attention. Lateral vision is not as developed as in an adult.
At the age of 7, can easily distinguish the left side from the right.
At the age of 8 he completely controls himself, knows what a pedestrian crossing is, instantly reacts to sound or hail, determines the source of noise.
Briefly about the main
Once again I want to remind the rules that both an adult and a child should know:
You can cross the road only to the green light of a traffic light.
Carefully look first left, and reaching the middle of the road - right.
There is a pedestrian or underground passage, use only them.
If you need to go on the road, move only in the direction of the machines.
Do not play on the motorway or in close proximity to it.
To prepare a child for adulthood is necessary in advance. Remember: the safety rules on the road for children are made long ago. In any educational literature they are the same. A kid from an early age should know that the road can be crossed only to green light, on a pedestrian or underpass. Do not be lazy, repeat these dogmas with children all the time, and then you will not be afraid to let them go for a walk or to school.
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