Child safety on the road — the basic rules and recommendations
- Home and family
- Child safety on the road — the basic rules and recommendations. The safety behavior of children on the roads
Child safety on the road is certainly important and topical issue. Daily in the news reports, you might see a message about accidents involving children. Parents from an early age should tell, to acquaint their children with the rules that must be followed on the roads. And this must be done systematically. As available to convey this information to the child, talk in the article.
Why does an accident occur?
Unfortunately, the statistics says that most accidents on the roads, in which the defendants are the children, are the fault of their parents. This is not surprising because in our country the adults are busy with other more important, in their view, problems: how best to dress your baby in a garden and school, what gadget to give him, in what section to write? Of course, these questions are important, but not as much as the child's safety on the road.
If you bring the numbers of accidents, they will be just stunning. 40% of children die under the wheels of cars in your own backyard, and 10% — in an accident involving their drunken parents. Every year the numbers are steadily rising. The infant mortality rate on the roads makes you think about whether parents raise their children?
The number of accidents involving children increases during the winter. It would seem the logic. The answer is really simple, the kids with the advent of the first snow of the master slides in the wrong places, close to highways. During the descent the sled out on the road, so that accidents do happen.
It is worth noting that children have little sense of fear. They think that they are fast, nimble, agile, manage to cross the road. Children under 10 years are not able to estimate the actual distance that is left before moving the machine. For many children it is customary to leave the roadway on his Bicycle or playing near the road with active traffic.
The issue of safety of children on streets and roads should be examined by each parent and detailing full-term baby.
When to start talking with children about safety on the road?
Many parents mistakenly believe that the rules of behavior on the road guys need to get acquainted only when going to school. But it is not. Psychologists proved that children's basic instincts, the manner of behaviour are developed at an early age. The parents of the child are the benchmark and example, you want to emulate. Therefore, their behavior will depend on whether the child is to obey the traffic rules. Try to be an example for him, always articulate, repeat the rules of conduct on the road, and then your baby will be completely safe.
Learning by playing
Many people wonder how to extract information to parents about children's safety on the roads? If you do not know how to present information to a young child, you can contact the tutor of preschool establishments. In all the gardens of compulsory lessons where teachers available convey to children the rules of the road.
Classes are held in the form of the game. Apply a bright, musical posters. To consolidate the material set of puzzles. The children learn poems about traffic lights, pedestrian crossing, sidewalk and others.
As homework children are encouraged to draw a picture on the theme: "Children and road". And here is the important part parents. This is an opportunity to once again speak, to consolidate with the child studied the material. Joint work brings.
In Russian schools in September of compulsory classroom hours on "Children of the Moscow region road safety!". As guests are employees of the DPS that describe in detail the situations on the roads.
Parents, this information is for you!
The safety behavior of children on the roads is extremely important. From good decision-making depends the life of your child. Therefore, we must clearly convey the information, in particular by not to violate the rules:
Be especially careful crossing the road with the baby. It does not let go of his hand.
You are an example for the child. Never allow yourself to go in the wrong place highway. Remember seeing it once, he will imitate you.
Talk with your child. The game form is the best for learning. Learn a poem about the traffic light, crossing the road, tell it to the child.
Not worth saving. Child safety on the road — is paramount. Good car seat for safety for the baby.
The yard is a dangerous place. Running out on the street, children do not look around and not expect trouble. Explain to your child the correct behavior.
The kid can't remember the basic rules of the road? In this case, the help poster, hung in a prominent place. You can buy in any bookstore.
Remember, it is not always the situation depends on the driver. There are so-called dead zones. The driver, being in them, not physically see my child.
If the parents have a car, you must follow certain rules when transporting children:
From birth to twelve years the child should be in the car only in a special chair. Be careful to match the age and weight of the baby.
Explain to the kid rules out of vehicles: this can be done only on the right side, which is closer to the sidewalk.
Never put the child in the front seat. As statistics show, is one of the most hazardous area in case of an accident.
During the movement of the machine do not allow children to leave the seat. When braking, the child can fly through the chair and hit the glass.
And a separate tip for parents: never get drunk behind the wheel, especially if there are children. Remember, the road is a place where you need maximum attention, even the slightest hesitation can be deadly.
Children and railway tracks
Do not forget that children are too inquisitive. In addition to the correct behavior on the roads, they need to familiarize with how to behave on the railway tracks:
go only in a specially equipped place
if ahead you can see the locomotive, never to cross paths
pay attention to the special traffic lights
The safety rail for children is also important. Without observing her, you can permanently maimed or die. The most important rule that you need to convey child to play on the railway, because it is not a place for entertainment.
No need to demand too much
Child safety on the road, of course, an important topic of conversation. However, one cannot expect a child's knowledge of traffic rules at an early age. Psychologists say the following:
In 3 years the child already knows the colors, so it should be familiar with the traffic lights. It also separates moving the car from standing, but still does not take it seriously. A sense of fear and danger dulled.
In 6 years old children are quite active, still unable to fully focus. Peripheral vision is not as developed as an adult.
In 7 years can easily distinguish left from right.
8 years, fully in control of himself, knows what a pedestrian crossing that responds immediately to the sound or challenge, determines the source of the noise.
Once again I want to remind you of the rules that must know as an adult and a child:
Cross the road only on green light of the traffic light.
Look first to the left, and when he reached the middle of the road, turn right.
There is a pedestrian underpass or, only use them.
If you want to go on the road, move towards the machines.
Not play on the motorway or in close proximity thereto.
To prepare the child for adult life to advance. Remember: safety rules on the road for children drawn up long ago. In any academic literature they are the same. Toddler from early age should know that the road may only be crossed on a green light, a pedestrian or a pedestrian underpass. Don't be lazy, repeat these dogmas with children constantly, and then you won't be afraid to let go of them for a walk or to school.
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