Alopecia in children: causes and treatment
Of course, the sudden hair loss of a child is an alarming symptom for the parents in the first place because usually at this age it is nonsense. However, it should be emphasized that alopecia in children is not an uncommon phenomenon. The only thing that can calm down in this situation is the fact that at a young age, the hair grow again. So why is a disease like alopecia, in children still is the place to be? The fact that the causes of baldness can be called a lot. At the slightest sign of baldness you need to contact the children's pediatrician, who together with other specialists (trichologist, neurologist) will prescribe the right treatment.
So, let's get to the practical consideration of the question of what causes alopecia in children.
One of the most common explanations for why the child's hair fall out, it is the presence of cancer.
It must be emphasized that although the cancer is the root of the problem, but often cause children's alopecia be medicines aimed at the treatment of cancer.
Alopecia in children causes of which may be diagnosed only by an experienced specialist, often has the nature of the telogen. Generally, this type of baldness most often occurs in the child, who yesterday underwent a surgical operation and on the background of experienced emotional stress. As a result, he began to lose weight and frequently the temperature began to rise.
In babies suffering from telegenova alopecia areata usually hair loss occurs continuously over several months. However, six months after the peak stage of the disease hair in areas of baldness begin to grow again.
Trichologists say this is because for a factor of stress is the stage of rest: it is replaced by the factor of active growth.
Alopecia in children is the consequence of such a widespread disease like ringworm of the scalp. Signs to determine quite easy: scaly edges, itching and hair loss. However, this does not mean that ringworm is accompanied only by these signs. Sometimes, peeling and itching are absent, and the hair does not fall out, but become brittle. All of this also indicates that people infected with ringworm.
Various kinds of infections from bacteria, can also cause hair loss, while scientifically it is called "ringworm of the scalp, accompanied by desquamation". The reason for the above disease is Staphylococcus "aureaus".
Characteristics of some types of alopecia
Trichologists produce another kind of baldness is the so-called "traction alopecia" when thins the hair on the back of the head.
Usually this happens with babies when they are constantly rubbing her head on the crib. Traction alopecia often occurs in children who regularly tuck the hair in tight braids and ponytails. This disease is more typical for girls.
Also, experts kind of think focal alopecia (alopecia) alopecia, which is an autoimmune pathology characterized by a complete loss of hair round and oval parts of the head. A symptom of this variation of the disease are absolutely smooth skin without any redness and dandruff. However in patients with alopecia areata, there are uncharacteristic for a healthy person deepening on the nails. As a rule, the disease are diagnosed in patients under 25 years.
It must be emphasized that alopecia areata in children is not the most dangerous form of alopecia: eventually the hair will begin to grow by themselves.
A much more significant injury causes complete baldness of the skin. Total alopecia in children is characterized by an absolute loss of hair not only on head but also on the eyelashes and the eyebrows. It should be noted that the period of remission lasts a very long time, while hair cells razrushaetsya under the action of special substances – perforin secreted by blood lymphocytes. As treatment of this pathology using immunodepressive drugs (cyclosporine, corticosteroid hormones).
Other factors contributing to hair loss
In addition to the above reasons, there is a huge Arsenal of other: long-term depression, bad heredity, bad ecology and stuff. Some types of pathologies can also lead to what doctors state hair loss in a young child. To them primarily include: diseases of the thyroid gland, a red lupus, iron deficiency anemia, excess vitamin A, diabetes.
Treatment: general recommendations
Today, medicine is still not uncovered all the mysteries of why the person is getting bald. However, science can offer a fairly solid set of products and funds that resolves the problem.
Treatment of alopecia in children in any case should not be carried out without skilled assistance of a physician. Today trichologists have focused great efforts in order to create a new, modern and yet highly effective products that eliminate the hair loss.
In the struggle with children's alopecia is very often used method expectations. In other words, the doctor suggests to parents to wait a little bit treatment as you have not supplied an accurate diagnosis: it so happens that in a year, the hair restores itself. However, such cases do not occur so often. In particular, it is alopecia areata in children, treatment of which may provide a method of waiting as the hair on problem areas afterwards by themselves.
Specificity of treatment depends on the diagnosis
Anyway, but the doctor must make an accurate diagnosis of the pathology of his patient. Often he does it together with with their colleagues. In the treatment of each patient should be used an individual approach. What medications are most frequently included in the recipe from hair loss?
First and foremost, it is psychotropic drugs and nootropic drugs. To strengthen the immune system trichologists recommend eating as many vitamins of groups A, b and E. Treatment of alopecia in children with complicated forms involves the use of special injections of medications that contribute to the qualitative blood flow in problem areas. Since they the follicles of the hair "are" is in the resting stage, the challenge for services is to strengthen its work.
The use of corticosteroids experts resorted to only in complicated forms of hair loss.
A very common way to combat baldness is the use of the apparatus d'arsonval and ultraviolet radiation on affected skin. In some cases, to achieve even greater effect of the above-mentioned anti-alopecia is combined with chemotherapy.
Do not self-medicate
Experts are very often appointed in combating hair loss that substance as artalin.
Without doctor's recommendations to use or improper use may trigger a severe form of dermatitis. This method of treatment is considered to be one of the most difficult and time-consuming. To optimally use it at home, but under the regular supervision of a physician.
Doctors in certain cases suggest as a method of treating alopecia in children to apply the immunomodulators. However, it's important to emphasize that independently, without consultation, they cannot be used.
It must be remembered that the problem of hair loss is necessary to pay attention immediately, since hair is one of the main health indicators and save them – your "Holy" duty.
Of course, the sudden hair loss of a child is an alarming symptom for the parents in the first place because usually at this age it is nonsense. However, it should be emphasized that alopecia in children is not an uncommon phenomenon.