Aquarium fish algae eater: description, content features, care and reviews
Not all beginner aquarists know that apart from fish, snails, natural or artificial greenery and decorations, many of the underwater Kingdom live fish algae eater. About why the presence of these inhabitants is so essential, we will tell you in this article.
This aquarium inhabitants have a special role — not to allow to develop actively the algae and eliminate the types of vegetation that are not visible to our eyes. Algae eater – aquarium fish, which will help you deal with excessive landscaping at the stage of formation of small colonies of algae and to clean up their debris after processing by special means.
This does not mean that aquarium fish (Siamese vodorosley or some other kind) is able to solve absolutely all problems with algae. In the aquarium it is desirable to have different types of fish, snails, shrimp, as each individual works with a certain vegetation. That is why in this article we will tell you about the different vodoroslei. This will allow you to figure out what type is required for your aquarium.
In the beginning we will talk about the Amano shrimp. They got their name in honor of Takashi Amano, who spent a lot of work to make them popular. Today their official name — Caridina multidentata, although earlier experts believed that this type is called Caridina japonica.
Many aquarists believe that the Amano shrimp is a panacea against algae, but this is misleading. And this kind of vodoroslei (like all others) has a preference to certain plants, and not all of them suit their tastes. Special preference give Amano filamentous algae. Here it is necessary to consider one important factor. The effectiveness of these cleaners of the aquarium depends on the size of shrimp. The bigger they are, the coarser the threads they are able to absorb.
It is preferable to choose the instances that reached the three, but better four inches. Too large Amano shrimp eat away instantly in the aquarium and cladophora. At the aquarium with a volume of two hundred liters is about five pieces of very large Amano. Individuals of size 3-4 cm will be required at the rate of 1 piece per 10 liters. These shrimp will be completely useless against xenomouse and other green algae. In addition, against the black beards they are less effective than fish Siamese-algae eater, which we describe later.
Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus, yellow algae eater)
And now to get acquainted with the fish of this species. The first one in our list will be the Gyrinocheilus. This fish is an algae eater in the aquarium is the best fighter with a green patina, appearing on the walls of the tanks with high lighting levels. These include all the aquariums (vegetable). Hence ideal these fish-vodorosley for herbalist.
Girinoheylus has a mouth in the form of suction cups, for this reason, he only eats the algae in the form of plaque. Blackbeard, filaria and other species of filamentous vegetation girinoheylus not eating. They should contain the rate of 1 individual per 40-50 liters, and no more. The fact that this fish is an algae eater only eats algae, exceeding a specified planting density, you risk to kill fish due to lack of supply.
Girinoheylus – fish are quite active, they contain groups with other inhabitants. In the aquarium their size does not exceed 6 cm.
One more fish algae eater with mouth suction. The most widespread otocinclus affinis. She is also actively fighting with green patina and xerocomus. In size it is inferior to the girinoheylus and less noticeable in the aquarium. Its length does not exceed 3 cm, which quite often attracts lovers of plants in the aquarium.
Its effectiveness against algae is approximately equal with the previous representative of vodoroslei, but otocinclus less hardy and are very sensitive to the composition of water. Like most of suckermouth, otocinclus difficult to tolerate a large amount of nitrates in water (10-20 mg/l). In this case, it becomes lethargic and can die. To keep these fish should be a maximum of one individual per 40-50 liters of water.
It's less whimsical algae eater. Fish, which, according to aquarists, a lot easier. This is because mollies (Molly) eat all varieties of filamentous algae, and black beard, and of plaque on the walls of the aquarium will not give up.
However, their efficiency is not very high as gyrinocheilus or Amano shrimp. Mollies are very often kept in aquariums-herbals because they are almost always in pet stores, which is especially important in cases of algal outbreaks.
This fish is an algae eater effective against the green flight only at a young age (under 4 cm). Usually in the aquarium grows to a pretty impressive size (15 cm). So when the choice is between them and gyrinocheilidae or otocinclus, it is usually preferable to the latter.
Meanwhile, the ancistrus is very undemanding and easy to find, so in the aquarium-the herbalists are quite common.
Siamese algae eater
Finally, we come to the present cleaner aquarium. This fish-Siamese algae eater. Very peaceful and not too large the fish is of two types — Odrasle Siamese and Siamese flying Fox (Epalzeorhynchus sp). The second type is often called a false algae eater. These fish are very similar in appearance, so they are often confused.
In most cases, sales are the real Siamese vodorosley, but it happens that they give out about their "relatives". This is not surprising — in natural conditions, they live in the same habitat, and that the young of these fish is often a mixed pack.
How to distinguish the two varieties?
You must know that this algae eater black horizontal stripe running throughout the body, continues on the tail fin, and chanterelles — no. This band is the real "Siamese" runs a zigzag, its edges uneven.
False algae eater has a mouth resembling a pink ring. This algae eater one pair of black whiskers, and from about two (almost invisible) Inexperienced aquarists may ask a very reasonable question: "What is the value, true or false, a representative of the view in front of you?" The fact is that Fox is much worse than eat algae, and most importantly — she is aggressive towards the neighbors on the aquarium, so less suited for underwater "community".
Dwelling in natural conditions
This fish is found in South-East Asia, Sumatra, Thailand and Indonesia. Siamese algae eater is found in fast-flowing rivers and streams with a solid bottom, covered with pebbles, gravel and sand. Prefers flooded the roots of trees, a large number of flooded snags.
Transparency and low level of water create favorable conditions for intensive development of algae, which algae eater eats. Experts believe that the fish can migrate, moving in a more murky and deep water.
Fish is the Siamese algae eater: the content in the aquarium
This species grows up to 15 cm. their life expectancy exceeds 10 years. For maintenance it is recommended that a volume of 100 liters. This is one of the most undemanding aquarium inhabitants, well adapted to different conditions.
However, experts believe that it is better to keep them in aquariums that mimic the natural environment of swift rivers. It is desirable to create open space to swim, equip the tank with driftwood and large stones. Siamese algae eater likes to relax on the wide leaves, so they should buy a few large plants.
Water parameters should meet the following standards:
- pH 5.5-8.0
- the water temperature of 23-26°C
- the hardness of 5-20 dh.
Siamese vodorosley — good jumpers, so the aquarium must be covered or use so-called floating plants that cover the surface of the water.
With the full feeding "Siamese", but not plants, but eat the duckweed, and the roots of the water hyacinth.
Siamese algae eater: compatibility with other fish
We already talked about the fact that it is a peaceful fish, but because it can be kept with most fish. Is not recommended for shared accommodation with valetime forms — Siamese algae eater can bite them fins. To undesirable neighbors should include two-tone score. This is because these two kinds of relatives, among which will necessarily have a fight.
In addition, the territoriality of this species is evident between males, it is not recommended to contain in a single aquarium. Siamese algae eater, like a fish is quite active, will not be a good neighbor cichlids, which jealously guard during spawning their territory.
Experienced aquarists consider that vodoroslei impossible to create a comfortable environment for inhabitants of the pond. They create the necessary balance of vegetation, prevent its excessive development.
Representatives of vodoroslei do not require complex care, but must adhere strictly to the size of the population. Inexperienced owners should know that Siamese vodorosley like to eat the moss (especially Javanese). Therefore, its use should be abandoned.