Aquarium fish pterygoplichthys brocade is the right choice
Pterygoplichthys brocade comes from a family of armored catfish. This fish is great for keeping in the aquarium: it is unpretentious in care, indiscriminate eating, relaxing, and decorative — above all praise.
The body of the fish is flattened, long. Mustaches just one couple. Mouthparts — sucking, bottom. But the main feature of the exterior is a huge sail fin on the back. Not stingy nature and color: there are many varieties, painted all sorts of patterns. Pterygoplichthys brocade painted in a calm grey-brown tone, but it is decorated with rich leopard spots. There is albinony and variety.
And now about the sizes. Pterygoplichthys aquarium catfish can grow up to half a meter, if it is to live in a big aquarium. The average length of this fish — 19-22 cm
The oxygen in water and air
Everyone knows that fish get oxygen from the water. But some species of catfish are able to extract it from the air. Including som pterygoplichthys. He can swallow an air bubble and dissolve it in your gut, importing oxygen therefrom directly into the bloodstream. This feature allows these fish to survive the dry times, buried in river silt.
The contents brocade soma
The main requirement — at least 150 liters of water per one individual. These soms need strong aeration. They are demanding to temperature regimes, although the swing from 22 degrees to 30 degrees no worry they will not cause, but the deviation beyond these limits may cause damage. Filtering is also needed, otherwise we will have weekly changes of water.
Som pterygoplichthys brocade active at night and during twilight, but the day prefers to hide in shelters. To bless your pet, in an aquarium you can put a few ceramic and natural (boiled) snags of birch or aspen. These fish love poking around in the soil. This can harm the plants, so their roots are better to collect stones or to tie to hrusica.
Peacefully coexist these catfish are only the small fish, but with a big show aggression, fight. Two males kept in the same aquarium is also undesirable – they will constantly fight.
Of nutrition and feeding of catfish
Pterygoplichthys adequate diet consisting of plant foods, and partially from animal protein. It can feed plants: dandelion, lettuce, green peas, nettles, cabbage, spinach. Suitable for feeding animals: bloodworms, frozen grated squid, chopped shrimp. Sometimes you can give small pieces of frozen fish and even chicken.
Snags play a role in the food — the catfish they eat, sucking the nutrients. When feeding you need to remember that slow som can take food nimble neighbors. You must make sure that the food got everyone and pterygoplichthys brocade is not hungry.
Reproduction brocade soma
Sexual dimorphism in these fish-pronounced: males are larger and brighter than females, and their whiskers and fins larger and more expressive. Genital papilla of females close to the body, and the male is very well marked. Brocade breeding male in the aquarium it is unlikely, since it would require a very deep spawning burrows. And puberty is very rare.