September 4 — the day of the specialist in nuclear security of Russia
September 4 — the day of the specialist in nuclear security in our country. The Soviet Union paid special attention to developing nuclear bombs, the implementation of programs of nuclear testing. Every year, scientists made more discoveries in this field. The main focus was on the scientific testing of nuclear warheads with their conversion.
Victory's nuclear program
The main achievement in the period of nuclear industry development is the creation of the Semipalatinsk test site (Altai Krai). In 1949, held the first, and in 1990 – the last nuclear test in the USSR. Thanks to the scientists-the scientists made possible their implementation under adverse conditions. That's what heroes dedicated to the day of the specialist in nuclear software.
The photo above is the first of an exploding bomb, a kind of "attraction" of the Semipalatinsk test site. All domestic specialists in the nuclear and military industry worked on the development of atomic weapons. After the first test nuclear scientists had 715 of such works.
About the profession
Atomic physics is a branch of science that studies the structure and properties of the atom. After came the discovery of radioactivity (1896), it had diverged into several directions. In 40-50-ies was the study of nuclear fission, as a consequence, created nuclear weapons and reactors. Soon work has begun on nuclear fusion.
In this solemn Day of coronation to ensure the congratulations of nuclear physicists across the country. What is their job. Nuclear physicists are engaged in the maintenance of nuclear reactors, monitoring their condition with the help of special instruments. The knowledge of these professionals are applicable at nuclear power plants, research institutions, laboratories and specialized educational institutions.
The problems that arose after the nuclear tests
Scientific progress has resulted in a number of serious questions. Negative consequences of nuclear discoveries experienced by the residents of the regions of the Altai territory, where dramatically increased radioactive background. The need has arisen to nuclear waste disposal. Also the question arose about the impact of radiation on people. All of these tasks it was necessary to someone to solve. And there is a new profession – a nuclear physicist. In 2006, the Russian government has established a separate holiday for these workers, which is called the day of the specialist in nuclear software.
Post-war the country has high hopes for the creation of nuclear weapons. World-famous physicist Andrei Sakharov made an important contribution to the development of Soviet science and the creation of the hydrogen bomb. In their scientific works, he talked about the enormous destructive power of a nuclear bomb capable of destroying all of humanity. The study brought the author international fame.
What do nuclear physicists
The day of the specialist in nuclear security in Russia is a reminder of those who played an important role in the security of the country. Nuclear tests have long been carried out, but the protection from nuclear weapons relevant today. In research institutes in Russia are exploring each damaging factors of nuclear explosions, sorting it into separate elements. With the help of special devices create electromagnetic pulses emitted in the explosion.
The MiG-29 model for experiments, which is tested initially without load, and then increase to maximum values. In such circumstances, the missiles unserviceable aircraft will start to fly spontaneously. The task of physicists is to foresee possible variants of development of events.
There is another known apparatus is a giant pipe. This is a closed space where it creates a shock wave. Using this device passed all military armored vehicles in Russia. If the tanks could not withstand such tests, they were sent back for revision. That is, any piece of equipment must be approved by the scientists before coming into operation.
The necessary professional qualities of a specialist
To be a nuclear physicist – is a big responsibility. In the great Day of coronation of provision of congratulations and warm words are for people who are required to possess the following advantages:
- Have good analytical skills.
- To be able logically and to think rationally.
- To have a mathematical mind.
- To have a good memory.
- Great to be able to concentrate.
- To be responsible, independent and organized.
- Possess emotional stability and have a developed intuition.
- To be able to keep a secret.
In addition, of course, they must love their job.
The nuclear potential of the Russian Federation
Day specialist nuclear support – a triumph for those who bear a huge responsibility for the security of the whole country. They daily contribute to the improvement of Russia's nuclear Arsenal. In 1947 he created the first structural unit, a special Department of the General staff of the USSR, which became the prototype of the 12th Main Directorate of the defense Ministry. The explosion at Chernobyl NPP, made adjustments to the concept of state security. After this tragedy, created a new organization – safety Inspection of nuclear weapons. There was a necessity of existence of professional emergency services.
At the moment developed a special state program of armaments, which include a range of activities, affording the potential of Rosatom. National security is ensured by the presence of nuclear weapons in Russia. Scientists have the ability to create weapons and know how to protect ourselves from it. In the Institute began to develop laser weapons.
Solemn event dedicated to the day of the nuclear physicist
September 4 — Day specialist nuclear support, who is making the storage of ammunition and control over all nuclear tests. The country has held a number of festive events dedicated to this event. The triumph I think its all the experts in the field of nuclear development. The most distinguished award diplomas, honor veterans, remember the fallen.
Date of event dedicated to the creation of a special Department in the General staff of the armed forces of the Soviet Union (1947), who was involved in the implementation of all nuclear testing. Military scientists have devoted my life to science and to the state. They are the backbone of the country, that the Russians owe their presence in the state of the most perfect of all known guns in the world.
September 4, the day of the specialist in nuclear security of Russia – the professional celebration of nuclear physicists. Congratulating the representatives of this profession, you don't need poems or long sentences. Suffice it to say simply and sincerely that their work is very important and will not go unnoticed both in wartime and in peacetime.