30 weeks - how many months? Week 30: fetal development
Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful and most difficult periods in the life of any woman. The feeling that the baby is growing and developing inside is unique. Whole nine months of waiting and longing. Who will be born: a boy or a girl? What will the baby be like? Who will he look like? How do we call him? In the head of the parents, in a rapid dance, there are thousands of questions, the answers to which are to be received during these unforgettable nine months.
30 weeks - how many months
Here comes the long-awaited third trimester of pregnancy. The thirtieth week of pregnancy is a kind of milestone. The main question of all moms is, 30 weeks - how many months. In medicine, it is customary to measure the gestation period not for months, but for weeks. If you speak the language of gynecologists, then the concept of obstetric week is a unit that is convenient to operate when calculating the duration of pregnancy. For gynecologists, the month consists of exactly four obstetric weeks. The countdown is from the first day of the last menstruation. The whole cycle of pregnancy fits into 40 weeks. Therefore, by simple mathematical calculations, it is possible to answer the question of whether 30 weeks is how many months. These are 7 obstetric months and 7.5 calendar months. We can say that a woman in this period goes to a kind of finishing distance. There are only 10 weeks left and mom can finally press her baby to her chest.
Time for maternity leave
You have 30 weeks gestation, the baby has already significantly increased in size and continues to grow and develop. Mom is already hard, swelling, back pain, heaviness in the legs begins to appear. Fatigue from work comes very quickly. There is already a need for more time to rest. Home care is becoming more difficult and, increasingly, a woman is forced to seek help from her relatives. It is not by chance that the expectant mother leaves on vacation at 30 weeks. Your colleagues probably tortured you with the question of how 30 weeks, how many months. But now you can give them an intelligible answer.
This week, you and your colleagues will most likely celebrate your maternity leave, because the sick-list for a pregnant woman is issued by a gynecologist at 30 weeks. The decree may come early for 2 weeks, if the pregnancy is multiple. Maternity leave lasts 70 days before delivery and 70 days after.
How the fetus develops at 30 weeks
A fetus at 30 weeks is already able to visually assess the environment. Its eyes are already open, the cilia are well developed, and the child can blink. If a beam of light is directed at the mom's belly, and it hits the baby in the face, the child will blink and turn away.
The brain continues to evolve. Its area increases, there are convolutions and grooves. But before the birth, the activity of the child is managed by special centers of the spinal section of the nervous system. The baby’s brain will begin to function actively from the moment of its birth.
There is a 30 week gestation, the child has already accumulated a sufficient amount of subcutaneous fat. This reserve is necessary for the fetus in case of premature birth.
The lungs of the child continue to develop, the alveoli are in sleep mode. Pectoral muscles actively train, making movements up and down. So they prepare the chest for the respiratory process.
From the body of the baby, fluff hairs are actively exfoliated. On the head, the reverse process occurs: hair grows and becomes thicker. It often happens that the baby is born bald, but it is a variant of the norm.
A child at 30 weeks is still active, but limited in space. In the uterus is not enough space. Baby shocks are becoming more rare, but stronger. Usually, the mother can accurately determine which part of the body the baby is pushing. At this period, the child may also hiccup, and the woman feels light rhythmic tremors.
What should pay attention to the expectant mother in 30 weeks
The bottom of the uterus rises higher, pushing aside the diaphragm and internal organs. This leads to the fact that the woman becomes harder to breathe, there is heartburn.
During this period, the future mother begins to disturb her weight. At 30 weeks, the increase is already very significant. Fat deposits accumulate on the hips, abdomen, arms and other parts of the body. The increase in body weight acts as an additional burden on the body: there is a aching pain in the back, in the feet, swelling of the legs. From this period, you need to more closely monitor nutrition. It is necessary to limit or exclude altogether high-calorie and useless food: sweet pastries, fast food, chocolate bars and other similar foods. You also need to minimize the use of salt, which leads to fluid retention in the body and causes swelling. A woman should eat more seasonal vegetables and fruits, whole grains, protein foods. To continue taking vitamin complexes is also very important.
Maintain hemoglobin normal
One of the main points is to maintain a normal level of hemoglobin in the blood, which is 120-140 mg / l. It is he who supplies the baby with the oxygen necessary for breathing. With a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood can talk about the development of iron deficiency anemia of varying severity. This phenomenon is fraught with negative consequences for the baby and mother. The baby can develop hypoxia and developmental delays. For mom, anemia is dangerous because of deterioration, fainting, and risk of bleeding. To maintain the necessary level of hemoglobin, one should eat animal products (lean beef, liver, eggs), legumes, cereals, vegetables, fruits and greens daily. If the degree of anemia is moderate or severe, the doctor prescribes iron supplements in the form of tablets or injections.
Replenish the calcium depot in the body
Do not forget that the 7th month of pregnancy is characterized by strengthening the bone tissue of the baby. It is very important to receive a daily rate of calcium along with nutrition and drugs. A variety of dairy products are rich in calcium and improve the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. Assess the condition of your hair, teeth and nails. Hair loss, coloring teeth, brittleness, and exfoliation of the nails indicates a calcium deficiency in the mother’s body. His assumptions should be shared with the gynecologist, and if necessary he will prescribe a suitable calcium drug.
Hormonal changes in the body of the future mother
It is also worth noting that the 30th week of pregnancy is accompanied by hormonal changes in the woman’s body. Special hormones are produced that reduce the muscle tone of the body. Nature has conceived such a mechanism of regulation in order to reduce the tone of the uterus in order to avoid premature birth. But hormones do not act selectively. It also decreases the tone of the intestines and stomach, which is expressed in constipation and heartburn. Fractional and frequent meals, healthy food enriched with fiber, and compliance with the drinking regime will help to cope with these troubles. It is not recommended to use laxatives for pregnant women in order to avoid provocation of labor. Hormonal adjustment also affects the state of the mouth of the expectant mother. The so-called gingivitis of pregnant women develops, which is manifested by bleeding gums. After birth, this acute condition is normalized. In the meantime, you can rinse your mouth with herbs decoctions and be sure to observe oral hygiene.
The mood of the future mother is also controlled by a riot of hormones. Frequent changes of mood are a great challenge for close relatives, who must be patient. Stressful situations are very harmful for the mother and child. Therefore, households should treat with understanding the emotional outbursts of a pregnant woman and, if possible, calm her down.
Reducing the immunity of the future mother
Since the beginning of pregnancy, a woman experiences a decrease in the immune forces of the body. The longer the term, the more immunity weakens. The body of the future mother is increasingly difficult to cope with the most harmless infections.
Many pregnant women note that 7 months of pregnancy is characterized by secretions from the genital tract. Against the background of a weakened immune reaction, infectious diseases can develop. Gynecologists argue that non-abundant, transparent or slightly white, odorless discharge is a normal variant. If they have an unpleasant odor, rather abundant, bloody and causing anxiety, an urgent need to consult a doctor.
Consultation visit at 30 weeks. Ultrasound and other studies
This week it's time for another visit to the antenatal clinic. If you are still concerned about the question of your time, you can ask the gynecologist about 30 weeks, how many months. And get a comprehensive answer. Your term is 7 obstetric months. From now on, you will have to go to a consultation more often.
What examinations are waiting for the future mother at this stage? Your doctor will measure blood pressure, weight, abdominal circumference, fetal position, height of the uterus, listen to the baby's heartbeat. From laboratory tests on this period, determine the definition of RW, HIV, vaginal smear on the microflora. At this time it is very important to measure the antibody titer in the blood in case of the probability of Rh-conflict pregnancy. The combination of all indicators determines the condition of the woman and the fetus for a period of 30 weeks.
At this stage, the woman is waiting for the next ultrasound. 30 weeks is the time when a baby reaches up to 38 cm in length. Also, after the measurement, you will definitely know its weight. 30 weeks of pregnancy is characterized by a fetus weight of 1200–1370 g. In the process of ultrasound, the doctor assesses the child’s heartbeat, activity, and the development of internal organs. The condition of the placenta is assessed: its thickness, degree of maturity, blood flow. Blood supply in the cerebral vein of the umbilical cord, quantity and quality of amniotic fluid is also considered. An ultrasound picture will show the actual condition of the child. In addition, you can perfectly consider the facial features and even determine who your baby looks like.
Starting from the 30th week of pregnancy, a woman is freed up a lot of time for intensive preparation for childbirth. It is necessary to maintain minimal physical activity, continue to train breathing and muscles for the upcoming labor. It is time to think about in which medical institution the delivery will take place, and how the delivery will take place. Now the exchange card is the faithful companion of a woman in any campaign. Without this document, it will be difficult for the doctor in the maternity hospital to assess the true state of things and to arrange the arrival of the woman in hospital.
Ahead difficult weeks. Woman is hard physically and emotionally. Many have a fear of childbirth, anxiety and fear. Remember, worrying is bad for you and the baby. You need to think only about the good and set yourself up for a successful outcome. Positive emotional mood and breathing exercises will help to endure all difficulties.