April 21 — holiday in Russia, Church and business
Radonitsa, this year celebrated April 21 — festival in the Russian Church, and you have it on the ninth day after Easter. In addition, this day is celebrated in Russia not long ago introduced the professional holiday – Day of local self-government bodies and municipal employee's Day.
As believers celebrate the day of rejoicing
Radonitsa is the day when the accomplished commemoration of the dead. Relatives and friends come to the cemetery to put in order the graves after winter and remember loved ones. According to custom, came to bring colored eggs and Easter treats for supper. Part of food is supposed to give to the poor for the soul of the deceased. So close as if to communicate with the departed and support the belief that after death a person is alive in Christ. The Orthodox Church does not welcome the custom to leave food on a grave, considering it an echo of paganism. This applies particularly to the sanctified in churches products. To remember the dead in the cemetery of alcohol is also considered sinful.
The history of the holiday is the remembrance of the dead
Celebrated this year on 21 April, the holiday in Russia — day of rejoicing — the ancient, came to us from our ancestors-Slavs. However, the Orthodox Church has accepted him. During the Easter holidays, the days of Passion and Bright weeks according to the Church Charter funeral not passed. The usual commemoration of the departed is permitted by the Church, starting Monday. Fomina Nedelya – Antipascha the first Sunday following Pascha (in Church tradition, the word "week" refers to Sunday).
Name Antipascha does not imply opposition, but only a repetition of the last holiday a week later. Fomin day is so called in memory of the second appearing of Jesus Christ to the apostles when Thomas saw him and believed in the resurrection and Its divine essence. In the modern tradition it is the name of the whole week following Easter.
To Thomas day is timed and the spring folk festival – Red hill. On this day in the villages, young people gathered on some high place, already liberated from the snow, and began celebrations: sang songs, danced, danced, organized games. On the Red hill accepted to play weddings and marriage. In churches after the Great post again accomplishes the sacrament of marriage.
Orthodox believers celebrated on 21 April, the holiday in Russia — day off only in some regions of the country. The decision on the introduction of a non-business day shall be made at the local level. Officially in Russia the feast of Radonitsa is working.
Celebrated on 21 April, the holiday in Russia – Day of local authorities is legitimized by the President of Russia in 2012.
Select the date for the celebrations in honor of activities so significant in the lives of Russians the state Institute was not accidental. In 1785 on this day Empress Catherine II signed a city regulation — Charter that determines the rights of the population of the cities of the Russian Empire. The main function of City regulations is the attribution to the inhabitants of Russian towns a single social status, regardless of the professional activity of citizens. The document includes articles 178 and the Manifest. In the preparation of the certificates was taken into account the information contained in such important national documents in force on the territory of Russia, as the Guild Charter and the Charter of the deanery, as well as some samples of legislative documents of other States. Charter established by the law on local government. The appearance of the document led to the understanding that a single administration of the country does not give optimal results on the ground and that it is necessary to establish organs of self-government.
In the further development of local self-government, we can note some significant stages.
In the reign of Alexander II had elected provincial and district Zemstvo Assembly, and then the Council and the Duma received the status of city municipality.
In 1917, after the February revolution by the Russian Provisional government an attempt was made to reform the operation of government. Began the reconstruction of the volost Zemstvos change the rights of local government. The October revolution was not allowed to complete the reforms.
The Bolsheviks made replacement bodies in rural and urban self-government on a system of councils, which led to partial loss of autonomy and independence. All actions of the councils held under the control of the Communist party. The Constitution of 1936 consolidated the centralization of management. Until the end of the 80s in the local government sector has stagnated.
Modern development of the sphere of local self-government
The reform of local self-government, held in 90-ies of the last century, and the adoption of relevant laws reflected in the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993. From this time begins a new stage in the development and legal regulation of self-government. In our days continues to work on improving the work of bodies, expansion of business and financial autonomy of municipalities.
April 21 — holiday in Russia for employees of local authorities
Municipal employees leadership and coordination in the field. They are devoted to celebrating the 21st of April a holiday in Russia — day of a municipal employee. The competence of the employees of municipal organizations includes issues of local budget, establishment and control of taxes and fees, development and adoption of regulations and development programmes of local municipalities. Municipal employees are not civil servants, the election of the representative for a position in the governments happens in the election, which involved residents of the area.
How are the celebrations
April 21, the holiday in Russia for employees of the government, it is a working day. In the cities arranged festive events, the heads of local governments and members of the city administration congratulate the municipal officials of the first government officials sent their official congratulations.