12 Dec what holiday in Russia? A day off is a day or work
In Russia very much love holidays, because it is an occasion to gather with loved ones, and this additional output. Love. But do not always know what actually are we celebrating? For example, on 12 December which holiday in Russia? Let's deal.
The history of the holiday
December 12, the day appointed by the Constitution. This date is not accidental, of course. On this day in 1993 by popular vote was adopted the primary document that protects the rights and freedoms of Russian citizens. In 1994, official document this day was established as a national holiday.
Therefore, the correct answer to the question: "December 12 – what a day in Russia?" be – the Constitution Day.
This document established the fact that Russia is a democratic state, in which appreciate and respect the rights and freedoms of the person.
On a day when the main document was 20 years old (this happened in 2013), the Russian President announced that the elderly, women who are expecting or already have children who have committed a crime non-violent nature, provided the possibility of Amnesty.
Constitution day exists not only in Russia. It is celebrated in all countries, where this important document. Celebrate it, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Denmark, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Norway, Panama, Seychelles, USA, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uruguay and Japan.
In Japan this day you can visit the Parliament building, in the country organize lectures about the importance of the document for the state.
The subjects of the Russian Federation also have their days of the Constitution. Celebrate their Bashkortostan, Dagestan, Kalmykia, Tatarstan, and Chuvashia.
What happened before that?
Itself begs the question: what, earlier in our country there was no Constitution? Was, but it was the Constitution of the USSR. The first version was adopted in 1936, it was held on 5 December. Until 1977, this day was a holiday.
Then, on 7 October adopted a new document called the "Constitution of developed socialism," and the celebration was moved to another date. Put back in the Soviet times the tradition was decided to continue in Russian Federation.
December 12 — holiday in Russia. Rested or not?
In 1994 this day was the relevant document set as output. And so it was until then until December 2004, was not amended in the labour code, which made substantial changes in the holiday calendar of the country. Since 2005, December 12 (feast in Russia) the day off is no longer available. It is, rather, not festive, and memorable day. In many countries of the former Soviet Union, this continues to be weekends, and, for example, in the United States is not a day off.
According to sociologists, the fact of the cancellation of the day influenced public opinion negatively. Less than half of Russian citizens believe that the Constitution can actually defend them.
The Importance Of The Constitution
This document is very important for the country. So great that this question is even studying in school. And the decree of the President, released in 1994, this idea was confirmed. And, of course, children should know the answer to the question: 12 what is a holiday in Russia?
The Constitution is a complex and lengthy document. With respect to the main document starts with respect for the state and the law in General.
Why do we need to study it? Knowledge of the Constitution gives every person permanently residing in the country, feel not a stranger, but a citizen who has not only duties to the state, but also rights.
On the one hand, the Constitution protects citizens from the permissiveness of the Government. The relevant sections of the document defines the scope of activities of not only the President but also the Parliament and the government. Power is limited to those specified in this document, and cannot extend further.
On the other hand, the Constitution recognizes and protects the rights and freedoms of every citizen of the country. To ensure that people had the opportunity to remember this and established a celebration on 12 December in Russia, which used to many was no more than an additional day, and now all go unnoticed if on TV or radio do not remind about it.
To be a citizen means to have not only any rights, but also guarantees that these rights will be respected. The guarantee gives people the state. Now you know the answer to the question: 12 what is a holiday in Russia?