December 12 is a holiday in Russia? A day off is a day or a work
In Russia, holidays are very popular, because it is an occasion to get together with close people, and this is an additional day off. Very fond of. But do not always know, but what, in fact, are we celebrating? For example, December 12, what holiday in Russia? Let's understand.
history of the holiday
December 12 was appointed the Day of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. This date is not accidental, of course. On this very day of 1993, the main document that protects the rights and freedoms of Russian citizens was adopted by popular vote. In 1994, the official document, this day was approved as a national holiday.
Therefore, the correct answer to the question: "December 12 - what holiday in Russia?", Will be - Constitution Day.
This document established the fact that Russia is a democratic state in which people appreciate and respect human rights and freedoms.
On the day when the main document turned 20 years old (it happened in 2013), the President of the Russian Federation announced that the elderly, women who are waiting or already having children who committed a non-violent crime are given amnesty.
The Constitution Day exists not only in the Russian Federation. It is celebrated in all countries where this important document operates. They celebrate it in Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Denmark, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Norway, Panama, the Seychelles, the USA, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uruguay and Japan.
In Japan, you can visit the Parliament building on this day, lectures on the significance of the document for the state are held in the country.
In the subjects of the Russian Federation, there are also days of the Constitution. Celebrate their Bashkortostan, Dagestan, Kalmykia, Tatarstan and Chuvashia.
And what happened before?
The question arises by itself: what, before in our country there was no Constitution? Was, only it was the Constitution of the USSR. The first version was adopted in 1936, it was held on December 5. And until 1977, it was this day that was festive.
Then, on October 7, a new document was adopted, which was called "The Constitution of Developed Socialism", and the celebration was postponed to a different date. The tradition of celebrating the Soviet tradition, decided to continue in the Russian Federation.
December 12 is a holiday in Russia. Have a rest or not?
In 1994, this day was an appropriate document installed as a day off. And so it was until in December 2004, amendments were made to the RF TC, which made significant changes in the country's festive calendar. Starting from 2005, on December 12 (holiday in Russia), the day off is no longer provided. It is, rather, not a festive, but a memorable day. In many countries of the former Soviet Union, this day continues to be a day off, and, for example, in the US this is not a day off.
According to sociologists, the fact of canceling the day off affected the public opinion negatively. Less than half of the citizens of the Russian Federation believe that the Constitution can really protect them.
The Importance of the Constitution
This document is very important for the country. So great that this issue is studied even in school. And the President's Decree, issued in 1994, confirms this idea. And, of course, children need to know the answer to the question: December 12 - what holiday in Russia?
The Constitution is a complex and voluminous document. With respect to the main document, respect for the state and law in general begins.
Why do we need to study it? Knowledge of the Constitution gives an opportunity to every person who lives in the country to feel like a stranger, but a citizen who has not only duties to the state, but also rights.
On the one hand, the Constitution protects citizens from the permissiveness of the Government. The relevant sections of the document defined the scope of activities not only of the President, but also of the Parliament and the Government. The power is limited to what is stated in this document, and can not extend further.
On the other hand, the Constitution recognizes, as well as protects the rights and freedoms of every citizen of the country. For people to have the opportunity to remember this, and a holiday was set up on December 12 in Russia, which for many earlier was nothing more than an extra day off, and now it goes unnoticed if it is not recalled on TV or radio.
Being a citizen means having not only some rights, but also guarantees that these rights will be respected. Guarantee gives a person the state. Now you know the answer to the question: December 12 - what holiday in Russia?