11 months to the child: development
11 months for the child - this is a serious date, when before the cherished first birthday there are very few. During the time when the baby grew and developed, it completely changed and is not very similar to that lump brought from the hospital. Of course, all parents are interested in what children should learn by 11 months and whether their child has all the necessary skills for his age.
11 months old baby. Development: what should be able
The first year of the baby's life is the most difficult and responsible period for his mother and father. At this age, when very little is left until the first birthday, every parent should know that children should be able to know at 11 months to clearly represent whether the child's development corresponds to his age.
At this age, most children are already happy owners of teeth, which allow you to chew "adult" food. Now, you should give up the frayed and creamy foods and give the baby some small pieces that he learns to chew. The digestive system has already been fully formed by this time, therefore, the children's diet can be expanded and the child is pleased with new interesting dishes.
The regime of the day to 11 months is already set completely, so do not try to remodel it for yourself. Whether the child likes to sit longer at night or, conversely, wants to get up early - this will already be clearly visible. Adjust to this mode, and you will save a lot of time and effort. In addition, trying to change the child's biological clock is not only useless, but also harmful. This is a direct path to childhood stress, which in the future will certainly affect the behavior and nervous system.
Physical development of the child
Among the things that children should be able to do in 11 months, the ability to walk does not belong to key skills. Despite the fact that the motor apparatus is fully strengthened, not all children begin to walk independently at this age. And if you see that the karapuz prefers to crawl for the time being, this is not a reason to raise panic. It's another matter if he does not want at all or can not stand on his feet. Walk on the arena, adhering to the pedestal, it should already be quite free. If this is not observed, you may need a course of massage or physiotherapy.
If the baby prefers to crawl, you should gradually accustom him to walking. Here it is necessary to take into account that the first experience, which turned out to be unsuccessful, can lead to the child's long-term failure to make new attempts. Therefore, mother's help and her constant support are very important at this stage. Go to the other end of the room, show your child your favorite toy and suggest coming to take it. If he attempts to crawl, lift the legs, thereby letting him know what to do. Gradually, the child will begin to move away from crawling, moving more and more on legs.
The process of development of the speech apparatus is also almost completed by this age. Among the things that children should be able to do in 11 months, attempts to talk are important. Not all children pronounce words, but they must already be able to reproduce sounds and try to convey their thoughts through speech. At this time there is awareness, so it is very important to actively introduce the baby to new words and phenomena. For this you can use books, pictures, all surrounding objects, as well as interactive toys. The ability of the latter to reproduce sounds is very useful for the development of the speech apparatus and mental activity. The more auxiliary materials you will attract to help, the faster new skills will be formed and all types of memory of the little man will develop.
Mental development of a child in 11 months
By this age the kid has already become an independent person with his habits and preferences. In addition, children are beginning to understand that adults can be manipulated quite successfully. For example, when you notice that you respond to crying much more effectively than to agukan, the baby can start using it. This should be disaccustomed immediately, because in the future this can lead to constant vagaries and disobedience.
In 11 months the active knowledge of the world, mostly independent, continues. Therefore, do not limit the baby in his attempts to explore the world. However, it is necessary to maximally secure the territory of movement of the child, protecting it from wires and sharp corners.
For successful social adaptation of the baby, try to have as much communication with other children as possible. Having learned to make friends and share toys now, in the future it will be much easier to survive the infusion into the collective of a kindergarten and school.
The difference between boys and girls
When compared with what a child should be able to do 11 months, the boy and girl, contrary to popular belief, do not differ much in development. There is an opinion that the male gender slightly lags behind in development from the female, but this does not always depend on the child himself.
The main difference between children of different sexes at this age is in behavior. First and foremost is the choice of toys and games.
Girls, as a rule, prefer a more relaxed pastime in the environment of their favorite dolls. Men's games are noisier, they have more movement and imitation. Also, in different ways, children react to other kids. Boys tend to make contact easier, while girls are more shy. Nevertheless, it must be borne in mind that all children are still individual. And if you begin to compare the successes of your baby with what a child should be able to do in 11 months, a girl can greatly surprise you, as well as a boy. You can suddenly discover that your princess is much more active and restless than a neighbor's boy. Behavioral characteristics that correspond to gender can begin to manifest much later.
What should be able to child in 11 months. Development table
So, the approximate achievements of babies by the end of the first year of life are determined. More clearly they will be shown in the table.
What a child should be able to do in 11 months
Stand with the support, do the first independent steps, hold the spoon and try to eat yourself, try to drink from the cup
Show your preference in games and communication, show your own "I" and the desire to manipulate adults
Be able to pronounce some sounds, add syllables and pronounce certain words entirely
This is the basic knowledge that a toddler must demonstrate at a given age. But if your child does not know how to do something from this list, this is not a reason for panic. Perhaps in something else he is ahead of his peers.
What experts say
If we speak from the point of view of science about what a child should be able to do in 11 months, the opinion of specialists in this matter is unambiguous. They say that the most important thing is to remember: every child develops according to an individual calendar. And if he does not know how to do everything attributed to a given age by medicine, this does not mean that he lags behind in something.
Very often mothers, going through, try to force the child to do something by force. This is the most incorrect behavior that a parent can have. No need to put pressure on the baby and demand from him impossible. Doctors expand the age range of skills acquisition to 2 months. Here if after this period the child has not mastered all the necessary skills, this is already an occasion to consult a doctor and start to correct. In this case it is very important not to waste time for treatment and not to panic ahead of time. It is with this behavior that the baby will be comfortable developing and will not get psychological trauma.
The opinion of Dr. Komarovsky
Very many mothers raise their children according to the methods of Dr. Komarovsky. A well-known pediatrician has his own point of view on the norms of development of children. Talking about what a child should be able to do in 11 months, Komarovsky emphasizes the importance of understanding speech. The baby already responds to the requests and appeals of adults by the movements of the head or hands.
At the same time, the doctor assures his parents that they do not have to rely too much on the requirements of various methods, and also compare their child with others. Let the child grow up in comfortable conditions, when he does something only when he wants. The main points where this rule should work, according to Komarovsky, are nutrition and potty training. In the first case, you do not need to feed your child by the hour or when you think that it's time for him. There is a kid should only when he was hungry. This is the basis for the proper functioning of the digestive system, the gastrointestinal tract and the actual development of the child.
As for the pot, there is also no need to rely on the successes of other children. If you accustom your child to a pot at 11 months, the effect will be very unstable and it is quite possible that, after growing up, the baby will begin to win back its positions. That's why it's important to start teaching a child something only when you see that he is ready for it.
The norm for each child is different
This is the key thought that every mother should be aware of, striving to raise her baby in love and affection. Comparing the successes of his child with what children should be able to do in 11 months, the main thing is not to accept scientific demands for an immutable truth. The maternal heart is the most sensitive, and if something is wrong with the baby, you will feel it without any comparison.
Finally, until the first birthday is very little, 11 months already for the child. Development (that should be able to) should still be under the close supervision of the parents, so that any deviations from the norm should be immediately reacted. Getting acquainted with the necessary skills that a child of this age should have, it is very pleasant to realize that your baby does all of the above, so it develops correctly. However, in cases when the child does not do something, wait a bit before rushing to doctors and medicines.
Perhaps a week will pass, and he will already do everything in accordance with science. After all, in the first year of life, every day brings something new. The main thing is, let your baby feel that they love him, take care of him, then his development will be much more correct.