July 10 — the Day of military glory
Nearing a truly great, unforgettable Day of military glory, dedicated to the valiant and difficult the victory of Russian arms in the Poltava battle, 10 July 1709. Long ago it was. A. S. Pushkin dedicated one of his best poems of battles that became a turning point for the entire future history of our country. For nine years lasted a grueling Northern war for domination on the Baltic sea. For six years there was a cut in 1703, the year the "window on Europe", St Petersburg. Strongest in the world army of Charles XII, temporarily stuck in the conquered Poland, would not let to flourish the city on the Neva: the Swedes in the course of this year have already lost and Yamburg, Koporie, and Tartu, and Narva. From what was to become furious and want vengeance. And the young Russian Tsar gradually endured military action on the territory of Poland (Rzeczpospolita), which step by step led to the great battle for native Russian, captured enemy territory. Remember that Karelia and Izhora land has always belonged to Russia. Moreover, in the Ukraine there is a betrayal: Hetman Mazepa formed an Alliance with the Swedish king, still strengthening the army of Karl're a war-like Cossacks. However, the Cossacks deceived for long, returning under the banner of the Russian Tsar. And now it's time for the battle.
The total strength of the Swedish army consisted of 11 thousand units of cavalry and 15 thousand infantry, 41 artillery gun turned in the direction of the Russian troops, just a couple of thousands of Cossacks left on the side of Charles in the battle of Poltava participation almost did not accept. But in the ranks of troops of the Russian army fought 87 infantry battalions (37 thousand soldiers), 23700 cavalry, 8 thousand Cossacks! And 102 guns were sending death into the enemy ranks. A genius, who managed to organize a unprecedented contemporaries of the battle, and gave the Day of military glory of Russia, in front of you.
Peter I, called the Great, winning the battle of Poltava, did everything to ensure that Sweden has ceased to be a great power, losing the honor of Russia.
The battle began by the Swedes at 2am. Nervous. Decided to catch me off guard. Captured two first redoubt of ten, while the Russian woke up and regrouped. That's when the fun began. The day of military glory is not formed just like that, his birth is expensive. More than 9 thousand dead Swedes, more than 3 thousand were taken prisoner. Russian less, but too much and inexpressible pity, almost fifteen hundred young men to lose killed and more than three thousand wounded.
Night after repeated attempts to master all the Russian longitudinal redoubts to protect infantry from deadly cannon fire at 9 o'clock in the morning the Swedes had built the remnants of his troops for the decisive blow. The Russians in front. Wall to wall. First there was a fire fight, then melee. The Swedes fought the last effort, stubbornly and defiantly. Even broke through our left flank. Peter king has noticed that ahead of a battalion of the Novgorod regiment rushed into the thickest of the fight. How is it possible not to win under such circumstances. The king was not only brave, but cunning. Dressed grated, seasoned fighters in the form of young soldiers. At the time on clothes you could tell everything about a complete stranger. And Charles XII particularly well versed in the types of uniforms of the opposing party. Rejoiced to see the fledgling recruits, threw people for a breakthrough and there it was. The Swedes began all the more to crush and surround the flanks. But still - flew straight into the wagon of the Swedish king. The army was demoralized, Zaporozhye Cossacks once again betrayed — appeared over the camp and left in an unknown direction. Carl, wounded, was told to get himself crossed the peaks, it seemed the army tried to put together again. But it was too late. The Swedish army was bled white, and in Russia there was one Day of military glory.
In the early twentieth century on the site of the battle of Poltava was founded the Museum-reserve. Now it is a national Museum-reserve "Field of Poltava battle" that serves as the living memory of generations. The days of glory are held annually to visitors on the reserve is a Museum, the monuments to Peter I, Russian and Swedish soldiers, there is a place, where stood the camp of Peter the great, and much more. In honor of the bicentennial of the battle of Poltava was established medal memorial. The day of the battle of Poltava remember not only the Day of military glory, and not only in Russia. In addition to the beautiful lines of Pushkin's poem "Poltava", there is a very readable novel of contemporary nonconformists from Ukraine O. Kudrin, although the story in his novel a very alternative. About this time created numerous films, the Opera "Mazeppa", a Swedish heavy power metal band Sabaton sings a song about the battle of Poltava.