Teeth in dogs: prevention and treatment
A good owner must carefully care for the teeth of his pet, because if this requirement is not observed, the animal may have serious problems. Dental stone in dogs is dangerous not only in itself - in the absence of treatment the infection is able to affect the gastrointestinal tract. An important argument for doubters about the benefits of prevention is the high cost of dental care for animals.
Dental stone in dogs most often occurs for the following reasons:
- Incorrect feeding of liquid food or dispersed food.
- Use of harmful products - flour and sweet.
- Violation of the diet - "kusochnichane."
- Low activity of the animal.
- Lack of prevention.
With improper feeding, food remains clog the animal's mouth cavity, the bacteria multiply with pathogenic organisms - all this leads to the formation of plaque, tartar and further migration of the infection.
Dental stone in dogs, like many other diseases, is easier to prevent than treat. Preventive measures include:
- Application of granulated forages.
- A diet consisting of two meals a day.
- Regular brushing of teeth.
- The use of stones, ropes, toys for chewing - various cleaning products.
- Visiting veterinary clinics that have dentistry for dogs.
If the animal eats liquid food, the rate of occurrence of calculus, as well as other diseases of teeth, increases. In order for the stomach to work better and at the same time for the prevention of tartar, it is necessary to combine nutrition, enabling the animal to chew food for a long time. It should be more often to give strong bones, raw vegetables and fruits in full, which helps to clean the teeth.
Chewing ropes and toys are excellent preventive measures. Often they are made of strong threads, twisted into a knot - this will perfectly remove plaque and cleanse the gums. Toys can be made from rubber with spikes or from the skin of cattle. Such measures contribute to the removal of plaque. Frequent use of all kinds of toys does not allow its accumulation. In addition, modern products can be impregnated with mint flavorings, thanks to which the respiration of the animal will be fresh.
When choosing a stone and a toy, one must bear in mind the size of the animal. Important is the condition of the teeth at the moment - too hard or large objects can damage the oral cavity.
The most effective means of combating plaque is regular brushing of teeth in dogs. Depending on the breed, the procedure can be recommended daily. Usually it is done 1-2 times every month. In this case, the owner is constantly looking at the teeth and gums of the animal.
An animal, especially a large one, must be taught from an early age to constant examinations, to teach the team "teeth". To choose means for leaving today it is very easy - in each shop for animals there is a huge choice of brushes and pastes. You can choose products based on fragrances, pleasant to the owner, or taste, a pleasant dog.
The brush should be selected soft or medium. An excellent solution is the purchase of two brushes. One of them will serve for cleaning, the second one can do gum massage. The teeth of the dog have a structure different from ours, so do not buy her a "human" brush.
Also, cleaning the teeth in dogs at home is done with bandage or gauze, which is applied a solution of hydrogen peroxide, baking soda. If the animal has heart or kidney disease, it is not recommended to use soda.
It is quite difficult to brush your teeth at home, as the dog can resist the unpleasant procedure and the unpleasant taste of cleaning products. When cleaning teeth, gums can bleed slightly.
Veterinarians say that tartar in dogs is the most common disease. The essence of it - a colony of bacteria, living on the enamel of an animal's tooth. Initially, this is a light coating, with the passage of time it becomes denser and harder, acquiring a yellow or brown color. Reacting with calcium teeth, this substance is gradually mineralized.
If the owner noticed an unpleasant smell from the mouth of the animal, a dark plaque on the teeth, anxiety, a rise in temperature - you can talk about the appearance of the disease. Most often it occurs in Spaniels, Spitz, Terriers, Dachshunds and Pekingese.
Dental calculus affects the enamel, so irritation and inflammation of the oral mucosa occurs. First of all, the posterior surface of the teeth suffers, where particles of food can remain.
The disease develops most often in middle-aged animals. The causes are heredity and a violation of the feeding regime.
Removal of tartar in dogs at home is possible in the early stages. To do this, phytotherapy and folk remedies are used. Applied solutions of chamomile, sage, elderberry. Actively used phytovitamins. For physical impact apply a soda solution on herbs.
Very often, for the maintenance of the condition, it is recommended to use specialized fodders that prevent the appearance of plaque or significantly slow its formation.
Do not use metal tools or hard brushes for removal. Such measures will lead to the destruction of teeth and to severe bleeding gums.
Removal of tartar in dogs that have passed to the middle and severe stage, it is necessary to conduct in the clinic. Treatment includes professional stone removal, gum treatment, antibacterial course, and when complications arise and the removal of severely damaged teeth.
Removal is carried out under anesthesia. This makes it possible to quickly and efficiently conduct the procedure, reducing the discomfort for the animal.
Dentistry for dogs offers ultrasonic teeth cleaning services. This makes it possible to preserve the color and natural enamel. After this procedure, the animal's teeth are polished and covered with a fluoride solution for prevention.
Regularity of cleaning, prevention, examinations of the doctor - that is the guarantee of the health of the teeth of the animal.