The coat of the cat falls out: possible causes
The reasons why the cat's hair falls out may be different. Often, owners of tetrapods face such a problem. This can be both a natural process, and a signal about a disease.
Consider the most common reasons why the coat falls out of the cat.
The first of these is the adenitis of the sebaceous glands. This disease in cats, which is rare. Symptoms are the appearance of areas with crusts on the head, ears, and the wool is easily pulled out. In order to confirm this disease, it is necessary to conduct a biopsy of the animal's skin. Treatment consists in the use of anti-seborrheic shampoos, if the case is more severe - prescribe steroids.
One of the most common reasons why the cat's hair falls out is an allergy to food. In order to identify the specific product of the reaction, it is necessary to exclude one sample from the diet of the animal. The allergy is treated by changing the diet.
The reason that a cat has hair falling in clumps may be alopecia, which is caused by injections. Most often it manifests itself in places where injections are made. Falling can begin even a few months after the end of the course of injections. Treatment is not required, the coat will grow after some time.
Folliculitis - a disease of cats, which manifests itself on the muzzle, neck. Its symptoms: the formation of crusts, itching, hair loss. It is treated with antibiotics for 3 weeks.
The hair falls off the cat and because of such a disease as seborrhea. It is manifested by the peeling, irritation of the skin and unpleasant odor. To diagnose seborrhea, you need to do a blood test. Treatment appoints a veterinarian, usually a supplement of fatty acids, special shampoos.
The fact that the coat of a cat falls out can be a signal for a serious disease, like granuloma. It is caused by an infection, the symptoms of which are solid nodules on the skin of an animal, possibly of different sizes. Treat the granuloma with a surgical procedure. It is removed, after which the animal must undergo a course of antibiotics.
Some types of lice can also cause hair loss. Infection with them is still manifested by itching, the appearance of a crust. To get rid of lice, pyrethrin or ivermectin will help.
The natural cause of hair loss is the pregnancy of the cat or the period of feeding. Usually in such cases, the wool is restored itself.
Another reason is psychogenic, for example, if the animal has suffered stress. The help for recovery will be getting rid of its cause, limiting the possibility of excessive licking of the coat.
Reaction to medication can also be an excuse for falling out. Symptoms are still accompanied by itching, redness, the formation of crusts. The treatment will be discontinuation of the drug.
Serious disease, accompanied by hair loss, is ringworm. It appears due to infection with several fungi. Diagnose it by sowing crops. After the detection, miconazole is prescribed, oral intra-orally.