Ectopic pregnancy: on what term the tube bursts (doctors' reviews)
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- Ectopic pregnancy: on what term the tube bursts (doctors' reviews). At what time can a tube rupture occur with an ectopic pregnancy
Not every pregnancy leads to a happy ending - the birth of the long-awaited baby. If there have been any violations during the birth of a new life, they can seriously damage a woman's health. One of the most terrible problems in gynecology is ectopic pregnancy. On what term the pipe bursts is a question that worries most of the women who suspect this condition. About this, in fact, we'll talk further.
Ectopic pregnancy: what is it?
Normally, the process of fertilization should take place in such a way that the fetal egg is attached to the wall of the uterus. If the embryo is formed outside the cavity of this organ, we can talk about a so-called ectopic pregnancy. In a pathological process, a fetal egg does not enter the uterus itself, but remains in its tubes or even in one of the ovaries. In some cases, implantation occurs in the abdominal cavity. Of course, with ectopic pregnancy, it is impossible to bear and give birth to a child, but in medical practice, there are facts when women still managed to do it. However, this applies only to those cases in which a fetal egg develops in the abdominal cavity.
Types of ectopic pregnancy
To find out on what term the tube bursts with an ectopic pregnancy, one must know the characteristics of the pathological process itself. First of all, it must be understood that depending on where the emerging embryo is located, the nature of the development of complications will be determined. According to this parameter, several types of ectopic pregnancy are distinguished:
Of great importance is the diagnosis of the condition in the early stages, as this will reduce the negative consequences for the woman's health.
Causes of pathology
Despite the fact that to date medicine is considered to be sufficiently developed, the factors provoking the development of an ectopic pregnancy have not been completely studied yet. Therefore, it is believed that no woman can be insured against this ailment. Nevertheless, it is possible to identify the most common causes, which result in ectopic pregnancy. At what time complications begin to develop, it is necessary to know in order to cure the disease more likely. But an understanding of the factors that provoke an ectopic pregnancy will be in some way a preventive measure. So, the main causes of pathology:
- Inflammatory processes in the area of the fallopian tubes and appendages.
- Prolonged reception of contraceptives and other hormonal preparations.
- Surgical interventions in the field of reproductive organs and other small pelvic organs, which led to the development of adhesive processes.
- Wearing an intrauterine device.
- Previous abortion.
- Violations in the development of the reproductive system.
Signs of development of ectopic pregnancy
As a rule, the initial symptoms of this condition manifest themselves in terms of 2 to 12 weeks. The exact period of appearance of signs depends on the characteristics of the functioning of the body of a woman (for example, on the level of her pain threshold). Also of great importance is the organ where the ectopic pregnancy took place. At what time the tube can burst, depends directly on the nature and period of the onset of symptoms. Doctors warn that in addition to a positive test result, an ectopic pregnancy may be indicated by:
- Drawing or sharp cutting pains in the lower abdomen, directed to the lower back and rectum.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- General weakness, dizziness.
- Painful sensations while visiting the toilet.
- Lean vaginal discharge.
- Chills in combination with fever.
These symptoms are very easy to confuse with the manifestations of normal pregnancy. For this reason, the pathological condition is often not recognized immediately, since not every woman turns to the gynecologist when the first signs appear. Only a few can independently understand that they developed an ectopic pregnancy. At what time the tube bursts, it is easy to see from the sharp deterioration of the condition and the greater severity of the symptoms.
To date, there are two main methods that can detect an ectopic pregnancy:
The first method does not guarantee accurate results, it only makes it possible to assume the presence of pathology. Thus, according to the results of the tests, the level of hCG reaching more than 1500 mIUml is considered to be elevated and is usually noticeable in the results of analyzes of pregnant women. However, if the normal growth of the fetus increases the amount of the hormone in the blood daily, then the ejection does not occur with the ectopic attachment of the fetus.
It is impossible to point out the dangerous state with the help of an ultrasonic device. If the tests for HCG show an increased concentration of the hormone in the blood, and the fetal egg is not displayed on the monitor screen, located in a typical place, the doctor makes a diagnosis - an ectopic pregnancy. At what time the tube bursts, you can also determine by ultrasound. During the scanning of the abdominal cavity, the compaction in the locus of the embryo will be clearly visible.
Why is the fallopian tube broken?
It is important to understand that ectopic pregnancy requires the earliest possible medical intervention, so when there are suspicious symptoms, do not delay the visit to the doctor. The nature is laid down so that the ovaries and tubes are not predisposed to bear the baby. If the uterus consists of elastic tissues that can stretch according to the growth of the fetus, then for the remaining reproductive organs these changes are too critical. As a result, the pipe does not withstand a heavy load and is simply torn under its influence. Naturally, the process is accompanied by heavy bleeding.
At what time can a gap
Experts recall that in most cases, the negative consequences of ectopic pregnancy is the result of an untimely visit to a doctor. Even when I notice unpleasant symptoms, many ladies are delayed with a visit to a medical institution, not realizing the seriousness of the situation. The main problem is that not everyone knows at what time the tube bursts with ectopic pregnancy. Thinking that in the first weeks or even months after conception, this can not happen, many women are left without timely medical assistance.
The risk that the uterine tube will burst exists even at the earliest possible time of an interesting situation. On average, the organ rupture occurs for a period of 4 to 12 weeks, but this can occur both earlier and later. Everything depends again on the characteristics of the body and the course of pregnancy.
Rupture of the pipe at very early stages
Despite the fact that in the first month after fertilization the embryo has very small dimensions, at this stage the tube can burst. Usually, this is provoked by a too small diameter of the organ at the location of the embryo. Experts explain that if implantation occurred in the right part of the fallopian tube, then the risk that the gap will occur is very large. The fact is that in the middle zone there is the narrowest part of the organ, which, moreover, does not easily respond even to the smallest deformations. Stretching in this area is possible by a maximum of 2 mm. Therefore, if you do not know at what time the tube breaks with an ectopic pregnancy of this type, you may not have time to consult a doctor.
The process of organ rupture during attachment of the fetal egg in its termic part usually occurs 4-6 weeks after conception. In some cases, tubal abortion may occur even earlier, so when making a diagnosis, urgent surgical intervention is required.
In what cases does the pipe burst on late terms
According to doctors, the lowest risk for a woman's health is pregnancy, in which the embryo fixing occurs in the lower part of one of the fallopian tubes. The interstitial area of the organ borders directly on the uterus, so it is distinguished by increased elasticity. Given this fact, under such conditions a woman can not feel for a long time that she developed an ectopic pregnancy. At what time the pipe breaks in this case, depends on the degree of elasticity of its muscle tissue. Sometimes the organ does not burst even when the fetal egg is increased to 5 mm, but only stretches to the desired size. However, on average, the time to which the pipe ceases to withstand the load and bursts, are 8-12 weeks.
If the egg began its development in the ampullar, that is, in the upper section of the tube, then the gap may not occur. This is explained by a loose fit to the ovary of the part of the organ in which the ectopic pregnancy was formed. At what time the rupture of the pipe is still possible, it can not be said, since it depends on the individual characteristics of the woman's body. But if the organ does burst, it happens about 4-8 weeks.
In other cases, the fetal egg simply falls through the lumen between the upper part of the fallopian tube and the ovary into the abdominal cavity. After this, the embryo is attached to the nearby organ and continues its development. Thus, ectopic pregnancy flows from one form to another. That is, earlier it was tubular, and after a while it became abdominal. In medical practice, this phenomenon is called tubal abortion.
Symptoms of an Exhausted Tube
In the absence of timely medical intervention, the fetal egg continues to grow in size, resulting in a rupture of the organ in which it develops. It does not matter on what date the pipe bursts, in any case, this process is accompanied by such symptoms:
- Severe pain in the abdomen.
- Pale skin.
- The appearance of cold sweat.
- Nausea and dizziness with possible loss of consciousness.
- A critical drop in blood pressure.
During the rupture of the fallopian tube, the integrity of the muscle tissue is disturbed, so the result of this complication is a strong internal hemorrhage. Doctors warn that if a woman does not provide emergency medical care, she can get a hemorrhagic shock. According to experts, it is in most cases and it is the cause of death.
Rupture of the fallopian tube and its consequences
Regardless of the length of time the tube bursts with an ectopic pregnancy, the woman's health threat is very high. Specialists warn about such consequences. First, with a high probability after such a phenomenon ladies will be very difficult to have children. When untimely or incorrectly rendered medical care, it may even remain for life barren.
Secondly, if once an woman has been diagnosed with an ectopic pregnancy, there is a risk when trying to get the baby to re-develop it. Therefore, when planning the conception of crumbs to the ladies who previously had surgery on the background of a similar pathology, it is necessary to regularly be examined by a gynecologist.
As for the worst consequences, namely the lethal outcome, this variant of the development of events is also not excluded. But it is worthwhile to understand that everything is in the hands of the woman herself: if she in time turns to a specialist for help, then everything should end favorably.
Medical intervention at rupture of a tube: responses of doctors
Measures to eliminate pathology are performed only surgically. It is necessary to excise the organ in which ectopic pregnancy is localized. On what term the tube bursts (the doctors' testimonies prove this) is not so important. The main thing is for the operation to be carried out immediately. During the surgical intervention, not only the removal of the damaged tube is performed, but also the stop of bleeding. Experts argue that the sooner this is done, the more chances a woman will get for recovery.
If the ectopic pregnancy was found on time, and the fallopian tube did not have time to burst, then the surgeon can only remove the embryo from the organ. Thus, he will make a kind of abortion. In this case, the pipe is only cut, so that you can reach the embryo, but not completely excised.
Completely insure yourself against this pathology is impossible, you can only significantly reduce the risk of its development. Therefore, try to eliminate all factors that can provoke a state such as an ectopic pregnancy. On what term the tube bursts, and what symptoms it is accompanied by - very important information that will help in time to diagnose an ailment and maintain your health.