Types of wine glasses (photo)
A true connoisseur of this noble drink - Friedrich Siegel - once remarked that without a decent dish, wine is able to lose its taste and properties. That is why it is worth paying special attention to what kinds of wine glasses exist and what are their principal differences.
Physiology of taste
On the surface of the tongue is a large number of receptors, which are responsible for the perception of various tastes. For example, at the very tip of the tongue there are nerve endings, with which sweet taste is perceived, the receptors transferring bitterness are closer to the larynx, but the salty notes are effectively perceived by the middle of the tongue.
Strange as it may seem, but taking into account these physiological features of man, various kinds of wine glasses were developed, since this drink represents an amazing combination of taste and aroma. So, in order to fully appreciate the exquisite aroma of red or white wine, special glasses of wide and open form were created, and narrow and long wine glasses allow you to appreciate the fullness of the free flow of this drink.
Some history of the origin of wine glasses
Glasses for wine, the types of which allow you to appreciate the noble taste and aroma of this drink, first appeared on the territory of France in the XVIII century. Currently, a glass is called a capacity of 125-150 ml, which can be cylindrical or pear-shaped. In addition, there are wine glasses intended for sparkling wines, which have the outline of a vase.
Of great importance is the proper placement of glasses on the table. So, in relation to the serving plate, wine glasses should be on the top or on the right.
Interaction of a glass and taste buds
The perception of taste and aroma of wine is greatly influenced directly by the shape of the glass, the thickness of its glass, as well as the quality of production. Taste receptors located on the surface of the tongue, contribute to one or another perception of the drink. So, for example, wine, which contains sourish notes in its aftertaste, it is desirable to serve in glasses with a narrowed tip. In this case, the drink can not get to the side parts of the tongue, which means that the wine will immediately be on the guttural part.
But the "Chardonnay" just as it should get to the receptors, which are located on the sides of the tongue. For these purposes it is desirable to use glasses with a wide edge. The salty taste of noble beverages is felt by all parts of the tongue, therefore, for any specific sorts of wine with a characteristic taste, almost any type of wine can come up.
Types of wine glasses for red wine
The taste characteristics of a noble drink are revealed only in properly served utensils. As a rule, red wine is served in large enough and wide containers, the edges of which narrow at the top. It is these glasses that can reveal a full bouquet of flavors and flavor blends.
These are the most common types of wine glasses, which are found in almost every connoisseur of this drink. In such dishes it is desirable to serve "Merlot" or "Cabernet Sauvignon", since the tapering edges of the glass vividly express the entire bouquet of flavors and taste characteristics of the drink.
The glass of "Bordeaux" is distinguished by a large and wide bowl, which helps to fully reveal the taste characteristics and aromatic blends of refined beverage.
Culture of wine
To date, there are a huge number of wine glasses of a variety of shapes and volumes, which, in turn, are designed for a variety of types of noble drink and even grape varieties.
Of course, it's difficult to understand this assortment, as modern producers of bohemian products in their pursuit of perfection surprise customers with incredible shapes and bizarre bends of containers intended for tasting a noble drink. Perhaps nothing can exquisitely emphasize the taste of how properly selected and elegant glasses for wine. Types of "bohemia", for example, are not just for consumption, it's a pleasure to drink a noble drink from such glasses.
Nevertheless, among all the diversity can be traced some of the main directions and shapes of glasses that have common features and are characteristic of a particular type of wine.
Wine glasses: types, photo
There are several most common forms of wine glasses, among which are the following:
- The "tulip" form is the most common and universal.
- The bowl is a very peculiar form of a wine glass, which is not so common, but is very appreciated among true gourmets.
- Lira - this form of glass is not popular among tasters and admirers of a noble drink, but it is of special interest.
Glasses for wine (black or colored types) can be completely bizarre. In addition, table wines accept the use of absolutely different interpretations of the dishes for this drink.
Aesthetics of taste
In order to evaluate the quality of the drink and its taste characteristics, it is necessary to follow certain recommendations, which, in turn, will help to enjoy the wine. So, for example, the leg of the glass should be clasped with five fingers and in no case should you stick your little finger - this is a sign of bad taste. Hold the glass with three fingers (large, index and middle) is also not recommended.
Before taking a sip of a noble drink, you need to breathe in its aroma - this will give you an initial idea of the taste of the wine.
From this it follows that the glass with wine should be held by the foot with all the fingers. Particular attention should be paid directly to the bowl - it is unacceptable to grab it by hand, as this will provoke the warming of the drink and, consequently, the deterioration of its taste qualities.
Instead of the total
Of course, a properly selected glass has a great influence on the beverage itself and its taste qualities. One of the main classifications of wine glasses is the kind of this noble drink. So, there are special glasses for white and red wine. In addition, there are also unique universal glasses for wine, the types of which do not differ significantly. As a rule, they are designed for tasting table beets.
True admirers of this drink adhere to special rules of use and tasting. Moreover, only they can meet truly unique containers that allow not only to fully appreciate the exquisite taste of this noble drink, but also to get a lot of pleasure from the very process of tasting itself. Glasses for wine - colored, black, bohemia, etc. - are designed to really plunge into the atmosphere of exquisite pastime for a bottle of French or Spanish "Cabernet".
It is worth noting that professional tasters use for their respective purposes a specialized glass approved by GOST. The development of this container belongs to the well-known company Riedel, whose products are popular in many countries of the world and are considered a quality standard.
An improperly selected glass can significantly distort the flavoring qualities of a noble drink, that is why it is necessary to select appropriate dishes for tasting exquisite varieties, which will help to fully appreciate the qualities of this or that kind of wine.