Corners of solitude in kindergarten: design features, purpose
Each family in which there are children, faces a difficult moment of the first parting with them. The decision to arrange a child in a modern kindergarten is accompanied by a lot of important questions: how will the child be greeted by his peers, how will the child eat porridge cooked not by his mother, how can he fall asleep in his bed, or listen to another's aunt? But of course, the most important is the issue related to health, both physical and emotional.
What are the privacy retreats in kindergarten
Even psychologically prepared at home by their own children, when they come to the kindergarten for the first time, they find themselves in a stressful situation. Here everything is different from home: furniture, the usual daily routine, toys, dishes, food. And most importantly, the surrounding, children, nannies and educators. The kid experiences a lot of new impressions, the feelings change one after another. The state of joy and delight is quickly replaced by anger, resentment, jealousy and anger. Every morning, while staying in the kindergarten, the kid experiences the fear of separation from his mother.
Three-year-olds are not yet able to control their emotions, including negative ones. And their suppression from adults can cause irreparable damage to the unformed psyche.
A modern kindergarten should be organized in such a way that each baby is comfortable and comfortable in it. A properly organized environment will help a little person to adapt to a new place more quickly and learn how to manage their emotions. One of the most effective tools for optimizing the work and managing the mental load on the child are the corners of solitude in the kindergarten. Educators increasingly formulate them in their groups, adopting the successful experience of their colleagues.
The psychological relief room will help softly adapt to the children of younger groups, and also contribute to the release of negative emotions and the creation of an easy and good mood. Such a place will become indispensable for the child to be able to rest from collective activities and once again felt safe.
How to design privacy in a kindergarten
When designing it is important to remember a few simple rules that will help make this place truly beloved and effective for children. It should be located in a secluded place, in a corner or under a staircase, so as not to remain all the time in sight. Lighting matters, it should be muffled, create a sense of burrow, personal and limited space. Soft cushions on which you can lie down and relax will become a buffer for the overexcited nervous system of crumbs.
The psychological relief room can be equipped with a children's tent or mobile screens, sliding curtains between two cabinets or a ceiling cornice with falling light curtains. The corner should not be cumbersome and take up a lot of space. In all the rest will help the desire and imagination of the workers of the kindergarten or parents.
Features in decoration
Dreaming alone with yourself, reading a book, relaxing and relaxing from your bandmates - all this will be available for children if there is a corner of solitude in the group. Registration of such a place is a creative and important matter, you should approach it seriously, even with the assistance of a child psychologist. You should use quiet, muted colors, miniature upholstered furniture, pictures with a soothing storyline, good soft toys. In stores for interiors you can purchase beautiful relaxation lamps or mini waterfalls, which are also favorable for calming the baby.
Toys for mental balance
Today, many invented games and toys that help restore the balance of the unstable child's psyche. Such toys, which fill the corners of solitude in kindergarten. I can be:
Darts. In addition to removing irritation or anger, it develops coordination and accuracy of movements.
A box of reconciliation. It has openings for hands from two opposite sides. Helps reconcile the quarreled children, develops communication skills.
Puzzles and mosaics. Perfectly help to calm down and concentrate.
A table for creativity with paper, pencils, markers, plasticine, modeling test, crayons. With the help of "works of art" a child is capable of splashing out a cluster of negative emotions.
Finger puppet theater. It will give an opportunity to reveal themselves in the dialogues compiled between the heroes.
Mirror of mood. To an ordinary mirror surface, preferably of a rounded form, an album with faces depicting different emotions adjoins. The baby, flipping through the images, "tries on" each emotion to his face, while analyzing which facial expression it expresses more.
If the group is small, it's nice to have in the corner a small family album of each kid or even some other objects that are native to him. And every bored child should have the opportunity to call your mother and tell her everything by magic phone.
Corner "My mood" should remotely remotely remind the kids of the home atmosphere, coziness and tranquility. A small set of furniture, which you can move at your discretion, help your child to recreate his own room and move into it for a while.
Attitudes of parents and caregivers
For a long time after the collapse of the Union, the foundations of children's educational institutions did not go beyond the usual collective framework. And now, for today every child, his personality and psychological features are put forward by teachers and child psychologists to the forefront.
In modern preschool institutions, educational work is conducted taking into account the nature and behavior of each child. In the priority the pedagogical approach, which is able to reveal the positive aspects and potential of the child, but not to break it, adjusting it to the template and the collective.
But still there are such kindergarten workers who are against individual corners. They see in this the unwillingness of the child to work in a collective, they negatively regard the possibility of temporary solitude. Parents' opinions also differ. But, as practice shows, more and more preschool institutions introduce in their practice the design of such corners, which undoubtedly help in the work, favorably affecting the psychological climate in the group.