Platelets in children are elevated
To suspect that the thrombocytes in children are increased, it is possible by the occurrence of frequent causeless bleeding from the nose. Such conditions can be accompanied by a headache, quickly manifested by fatigue, edema of the limbs, when the kids complain that the handle or leg is "stabbed." Identify the blood disease can only be the result of a detailed analysis.
The cause of increased platelets
Bone marrow, its red component, is responsible for the formation of colorless biconcave blood cells of platelets. There would not be these cells, blood would not coagulate.
Elevated levels of platelets in children, even very small, can cause the formation of blood clots. Therefore, when suspicion of thrombocytosis is required to consult a hematologist.
Platelets are raised after surgery. Thrombocytosis in children can occur after severe stress.
- Primary thrombocytosis is a hereditary or acquired blood disease.
- Secondary is a reaction of the body to the transferred disease, which can be meningitis, hepatitis, pneumonia and others.
- Some medications also cause an increase in platelets in the blood. These include adrenaline, vincristine.
Since platelets live in the blood for up to 10 days, you need to know that if you had to remove the tooth or face anesthesia, then their increase should not worry you.
The formation of secondary thrombocytosis ceases, as soon as the cause that caused it is eliminated. If the level of platelets in the blood decreases not fast enough, then it can be adjusted by a special diet. Reduce the amount of meat food due to milk and be sure to give the child berry drinks or berries. It is especially good to include in the diet currants, cherries, raspberries.
In the case when platelets are raised in a newborn infant, it is not necessary to talk about infections. He has not had time to get sick yet. Hence, such a picture is a hereditary factor. To reduce the level of platelets, as with any primary thrombocytosis, you will have to use medicines.
The norm of the content of platelets
The quantitative content of colorless blood cells depends on the age of the child and changes significantly in the first year of life.
At newborns the normal value is from 100 thousand to 400 thousand units per cubic meter. mm. Ten days after birth, the figures decrease, and the norm will be 150-350 thousand units per cubic meter. mm. As soon as a child turns a year, the level of platelets becomes, as in an adult, from 180,000 units per cubic meter. mm. If the upper boundary value is above 320 thousand, then we can say that the platelets in children are increased.
Sometimes the parents of infants do not pay attention to this important indicator, if the infant was diagnosed with jaundice of newborns. It is believed that this is interrelated. The presence of thrombocytosis to such a disease has no relation.
If one-time tests showed that the platelets in children are elevated, the tests must necessarily be retaken. This indicator should be observed in dynamics, especially since often blood sampling is done with impairments. She has time to thicken before counting platelets.
Why do I need a blood test?
Despite the fact that most pediatricians are satisfied with the blood test, in which there are only indicators of ESR, hemoglobin and leukocytes, you should ask the laboratory to do a detailed analysis. Especially when in a condition of kids something disturbs. Some diseases of the hematologic system could be diagnosed at an early stage if it were known that the platelets in children are elevated.