TRIZ in kindergarten
"There is nothing easier than studying what is interesting" - these words are attributed to the famous scientist Albert Einstein, a man accustomed to think in an original and non-standard way. However, today very few students consider the learning process to be something fascinating and exciting and, unfortunately, such antipathy manifests itself at an early age of the child. What should teachers do to overcome the dullness of the educational process? How can you help children grow up to be thinking people from the kindergarten? Many teachers were convinced by their experience that the TRIZ system - the theory of solving inventive problems - is an effective assistant in achieving these goals. What is its essence? How in practice can you use this technique in kindergarten?
The basic concept of the methodology
Initially Heinrich Altshuller developed his theory for solving technical and engineering problems. However, over time, the basic principles migrated to pedagogy, winning every year with new fans. The TRIZ system in the teaching of children is a practical help to the child for finding the best solution to the task or in the situation that has arisen. The principle is this: "There is a problem - solve it yourself," but not by trial and error, but by an algorithm of reflection leading the child to a better solution.
Difference from standard approaches in training
Classical pedagogy suggests that the child simply copies or imitates the actions of the teacher.
According to developing pedagogy, the kid has a great freedom to think independently, but still the key decision is in the hands of the teacher. We illustrate these approaches with an example.
Suppose that in the kindergarten all children have the same cups. How to remember your own? The classical approach: the educator gives everyone an individual sticker, glues on his cup and asks the children to repeat this action. TRIZ in kindergarten will look like this: induce the child to invent and find the differences on his cup. Does it take more time? Maybe. However, the child's fantasy can amaze with its originality and inexplicability, and this will be his personal sensible decision.
Practical application in kindergarten
To successfully apply TRIZ in kindergarten, it is important for a teacher to understand the concepts of the principle of contradictions, the use of all resources, the ideal end result and so on. However, it is not necessary for children of preschool age to paint the technical arsenal of TRIZ - let it be better there will be more practice. For example, a child has broken a toy. Using the principle of contradictions, you can clarify whether this is good or bad. Most likely, the answer will be "bad." Then the use of all intellectual resources comes into force: how can it be used now? As a stand? Or is it a super machine that can drive three wheels?
An example of the application of methods in kindergarten
TRIZ methods in kindergarten do not require a specially allocated time - this is a question of thinking and approach to children. For example, reading a fairy tale with children, you can analyze the line of behavior of the main character.
If we turn to the classic children's rhyme about the bull-calf, whose "board ends, now I'll fall", then you can encourage the children to reflect on the following questions: how to help the bull not fall? Let him stop. But he needs to go further, what to do? To put another tip and so on. The main thing is not to make decisions instead of the child, but to teach him to think and analyze the situation from different sides and in terms of effectiveness. TRIZ technologies in kindergarten can be fun for the teacher himself.
So, if you are already inspired and want to think so much about your charges, then carefully read the following tips.
Skillful use of TRIZ in kindergarten
- Fight with the desire to read lectures and long to explain the given situation. If the child does not understand what you want from him, then you should transfer this conversation to another time or not to return to it at all.
- Do not press on the child with such words as "come soon", "think for yourself", "it's wrong". TRIZ technology in kindergarten implies that any opinion and version are worthy of consideration. In addition, the child learns to think gradually, and the teacher's task is to help, not force.
- Do not forget about praise. Of course, it must be sincere and concrete. Let the child feel confident in communication and expresses his boldest ideas.
- Lean on those knowledge and concepts that the child is good at. To build a chain of hypotheses, you need to have a complete picture of the problem and the situation.
Having already a basic idea of what TRIZ method is in kindergarten, and remembering these tips, you can safely make out some games. They will not only please children, but they will also wrap the whole theory into reality.
Who is living in teremochke lives?
goal. teach the child elements of analysis, encourage him to notice common signs by comparing them.
You will need. colorful images of different objects, for example: a pear, a pen, a house, a backpack, a pot, a flower, and so on. You can make these blanks yourself or make them together with the children. For the tower is ideal for a large box or cabinet - the imagination of children will tell them everything else.
Introduction. remember together with the children's fairy tale "Teremok" and offer to play it out the way it is done in the country of the Changeling.
Course of the game. Each child with his eyes closed draws his drawing and plays for the painted object. The host chooses the master of the tower-King of the Shifters, who called his friends to a feast. Characters take turns to approach the tower. The first guest asks the question:
- I -. (he calls himself, for example, a flower). And who are you?
- And I -. (he calls himself, for example, a pear). Will you let me into the house?
"Futher, if you tell me what you look like at me."
The guest carefully compares the two pictures and names the common points found. For example, he can say that both the flower and the pear have a twig. After that, the first participant enters the house, and the next guest knocks on the master. It is important to maintain a friendly atmosphere: if someone can not answer, then the other children help.
goal. to train attention, the ability to see all the necessary resources.
Before the game it is important to include TRIZ elements. In kindergarten it is not difficult to do this, as the attention of the child is offered a huge number of various subjects. You can ask, pointing at the object: "What is this cup for?" Why the door? What is this pillow for? "
Introduction. tell the children about the scattered and forgetful people who are all confused and forget (do not forget to make an educative conclusion). And then ask: who wants to help masham-rasterasham? Then the game can be conducted in two ways at will.
- The host will be Masha. Confusedly looking around, he says:
- I lost (calls some object, for example, a spoon). What will I now have soup (or call any other action)?
Sympathetic helpers begin to offer their own ways of solving the problem: one can take a cup and drink a soup, and then with a fork eat all the rest, and so on.
2. The development of the game is the same as in the first, but the role of Masha-Rasterashi is performed by different children, not just the presenter. For example, who offered the best alternative to the lost object, he becomes Masha. Thus, the activity of all participants of the game is ensured.
The role of play in child development
These are only two illustrative examples that illustrate how effective TRIZ methods are in kindergarten. Games, of course, can be very diverse, for the teacher there is complete freedom of imagination. But if in the beginning something turns out not very well, it's not an excuse to give up. The game for the development of a child between the ages of 3 and 7 years is of immense importance, because it is in it that the child imitates the social roles surrounding it, so you should try to learn how to combine with the game of TRIZ technology. In kindergarten this is especially important, believe me, the result is worth it.
At what age should I start
Strict rules and specific restrictions in this issue there. However, it is important to remember that from the first years of his life the child begins to face such situations, which require him to search for a rational solution. Probably, many of us were eyewitnesses or participants of such a conversation:
That's TRIZ. Although, of course, that my mother in this case did not realize what approach she was currently using. Simply, she helped the child to solve the problem, prompting him to reflect and use all available resources for him.
It is all the more important to use TRIZ technologies in kindergarten, when a trained teacher is engaged with children. Of course, everyone will have their own successes: some child can better sculpt, and not draw, the other - on the contrary. However, both have a positive impact on its development. Similarly, TRIZ technology in any case will have a beneficial effect on the mental and mental development of the child. So is it worth it to delay?
The influence of methodology on the type of child's outlook
At preschool age, the child does not yet have a formed worldview. Therefore, at this stage, the role of TRIZ in kindergarten is to develop analytical and comparative thinking, the ability to find possible solutions and choose the best ones.
However, in the future such thought training will not only form a thinking person, but one that can always develop. This is not a narrow-minded, unsound person who surrenders and is lost before difficulties. No, this is a thinking that is aware of past wrong conclusions and hypotheses, but continues to confidently move on. It is these qualities that are so valued in modern society. A goal-oriented person, if he sees a blind corner before him, then, having analyzed, will understand that he may have been made of plasticine or paper, and will overcome it, spending extra forces.
The choice is for everyone
Of course, every parent or teacher will decide how to deal with children. However, it is always useful to reflect: how do I want to see my child or the charges entrusted to me? If all the aspirations and efforts are directed only at meeting physical needs and giving the minimum amount of knowledge, then will the thinking and versatile person grow up? In our century of fuss and intense tempo it is sometimes not easy to learn something new, but the result is worth it! In any case, the ascent to the mountain begins with the first step. And who knows what hidden opportunities and huge potential can be discovered in ourselves using TRIZ? The main thing is not to be afraid to break stereotypes of teaching and to look for new approaches. Of course, a perfect teacher does not become anyone, but you can always strive for this goal!