Is surrogate motherhood? Reviews about surrogate motherhood in Russia
Surrogate motherhood is a variant of assisted reproductive technologies, used when a woman can not bear and bear a child due to health problems. A few decades ago, the only way out was to adopt a baby. Now infertility can be overcome even in the most severe cases, such pairs will help the surrogate motherhood program. It is curious that even in antiquity there was a semblance of surrogate motherhood. Rich ladies used their slaves to have children for them. After the birth, the slaves were not even shown the baby because they had no rights with regard to the children born.
Reviews and stereotypes about surrogate mothers
Of course, every modern person knows what surrogate motherhood is. Reviews and opinions about him are so diverse that it is rather difficult to list them all. Some categorically oppose and say that surrogate motherhood is the use of an extraneous woman as an incubator. They believe that in case of infertility it is necessary to take a child from an orphanage. Others believe that surrogate motherhood is an opportunity to give happiness to a childless couple and approve of this act. Opinions differ so much because of the fact that in today's world there are several stereotypes about this phenomenon.
Those who do not like the very expression "surrogate motherhood", comments and comments write negative. They firmly believe that women decide on such an act for the sake of money. It can not be denied that the material aspect in this, of course, is present. But no one knows how the pregnancy can affect a woman's health. Firstly, it is not known whether a surrogate mother can tolerate a child without negative consequences for her health. Secondly, are not women from well-to-do families solved this? People who are positive about this procedure and those helped by the surrogate motherhood program argue that, as a rule, single mothers who already have children take part in the program, but there is no husband. Despite the weight of the material side, after all, every woman wants to help others get a child and create a full-fledged family.
Opinion of people about the procedure of gestation and childbirth
It is generally believed that during the gestation the surrogate mother gets used to the child, considers him to be her and it is difficult for him to part with him after childbirth. It can not be said that this is an absolute lie. Of course, it's impossible not to get used to the miracle that lives inside of you for 9 months. But almost all surrogate mothers clearly realize that this is someone else's child. That is why there are no special psychological problems in this matter.
The uninformed side writes in its comments that after the birth of a child, surrogate mothers do not maintain contact with the family they helped. This is not true. During pregnancy, they are always near and during this time can become very close and make friends. Many stories are known when biological parents and a woman taking out a baby maintain a warm, friendly relationship.
The validity of surrogate motherhood
Surrogate motherhood in Russia, in accordance with the functioning legislation, is considered absolutely legal. This law says that first all the rights to a newborn child from a surrogate mother. Therefore, a woman who carried a child, if desired, may not give the baby to her parents. Officially, biological parents acquire rights to a newborn only after the refusal of the surrogate mother. But according to the law, they do not need to collect any documents and pass numerous instances for adoption of their own child. In accordance with the law, a woman who has two children can become a surrogate mother. Her age should be less than 35 years. If she is married, you need a notarized husband's permission. Regarding biological parents, we can say that only married couples who do not have their children for medical reasons can use the surrogate motherhood program. Important is the fact that a surrogate mother can not be an egg donor. When fertilized, a ready embryo is planted.
Cost of surrogate motherhood
How much this program will cost, many childless couples are very interested. According to statistics, in the program "Surrogate motherhood in Russia" of 15% of childless couples, only 0.5% take part. The main reason for low demand is its cost. For the bearing and birth of the baby, the physiological mother receives about 500 thousand rubles. Parents of the future child must pay for the food of the surrogate mother. This will cost about 20 thousand rubles a month. The cost also includes resolving all legal issues. About 600 thousand go to pay for medicines and IVF, surrogate motherhood is impossible without it. A large amount is due to the fact that to achieve pregnancy, most often need to spend several fertilizations. At calculation it is possible to understand, that this decision is not the cheapest pleasure.
Surrogate motherhood in Moscow
The essence of this program is that a physiological mother who carries a child does not have a genetic relationship with it: the embryo is obtained by the method of IVF, from the eggs of the biological mother and the spermatozoa of the biological father. Then the ready embryo is planted by the surrogate mother. Surrogate motherhood in Moscow, as well as in other regions of Russia, is not prohibited and absolutely legal.
In a specialized center, with the help of lawyers, an agreement is concluded between the parties, which describes all the nuances and details. They will help to find a surrogate mother and provide the necessary medical and legal services. A specialized center, in which those who are interested in surrogate motherhood in Moscow, have a specialized database of women who have undergone the examination and meet the requirements of the Ministry of Health.
What problems can both sides face?
During surrogate motherhood, psychological and ethical difficulties sometimes arise. This is his main problem. Now no one is immune from fraud. Thus, guarantees that a surrogate mother after childbirth will not want a larger amount than previously stipulated, no one can give. There is also a small probability that a woman who takes out a baby will not want to give up after giving birth. Periodically, it happens that biological parents give up a child in the last moment. In this case, the surrogate mother will have to face problems to which she was not ready psychologically or physically.
Who wants to prohibit surrogate motherhood
Patriarch Kirill said in his speech that surrogate motherhood is immoral, and even called it trafficking in children, and also proposed to ban this program in Russia. Interestingly, in a number of countries in Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Spain), such transactions between a physiological mother and biological parents are officially prohibited by law. In other countries, there is a prohibition of surrogate motherhood with material benefits, and the paid services associated with it are prohibited. In Russia, such transactions are legal. In 2011, contrary to the objections of opponents, an official law was adopted on this program.
Alternative to surrogate motherhood
Solving the issue of infertility with the help of surrogate motherhood requires tremendous responsibility and a balanced decision both from the future parents and from the surrogate mother. Before the procedure, you must weigh the pros and cons. Prepare for the fact that the procedure will take a long time, including IVF. Surrogate motherhood is a long and hard path to happiness. We need to think about possible difficulties, including material ones. Women who want to become surrogate mothers, it is also worth evaluating all the pros and cons. The one who decided to help other people should not be dominated by the material aspect, but by the desire to give happiness to a childless couple. People who can not have kids do not need to despair. In the end, you can take a lonely child in an orphanage and give him your love and care.