Average group of kindergarten
The average group of the kindergarten is visited by children of four years of age. Such pupils understand the relationship that exists between objects. In activity, they try to portray the actions of adults. In case of difficulties, children try to cope with them on their own. Communication with peers and adults significantly enriches their speech.
Features of the middle group
In the activity of children of four years of age, an important place is occupied in teaching correct behavior at home and in public places. At the same time, they form an organization and responsibility. Educators explain to children how to act in certain situations and how to do it. During classes and in free activity, the teacher conducts work on developing the creative abilities of the pupils of the middle group of the kindergarten.
Middle group of kindergarten: the image of the pupil
At this age the child is fully formed. Each is different for its character, preferences and tastes. Four-year-old children are very active, they want to make a lot of friends. Often their activity disconcerts not only the educators, but also the parents. Children of four almost conquer one height after another. Today there was a back of the couch, tomorrow - a window sill, then a heated towel rail in the bathroom, a computer desk. Children want to explore everything. Often, such actions are devastating. Many parents just at such times begin to give their children to the kindergarten groups, where the activities of the kids are filled with communication with peers and a variety of activities on which they can release their energy.
Classes in Mathematics
With all pupils of the kindergarten, various classes are organized. Speaking of mathematics, it can be noted that in the younger group, educators give children basic knowledge in this area, whereas the complexity of the tasks of forming elementary mathematical representations is assumed by the middle group. Classes in mathematics include learning to distinguish the constituent parts of a certain group of objects and the formation of concepts of similarity and differences between them. The educator forms knowledge that the group of objects is larger than the individual thing that is included in its composition. Even at this age, children are taught to count to ten.
Physical education with children of four years of age
In the middle group, children are taught to run lightly and rhythmically. Attention is paid to the formation of correct posture. The program for kindergarten involves teaching children to jump from a small height to a soft surface. Also, kids are taught to navigate the Swedish hill and jump over the rope. The head of physical culture gives the first ideas about throwing, teaches you how to line up in line and make turns in the ranks.
The development of speech
The average group of the kindergarten involves planning the activities of the caregiver in such a way as to give the children basic knowledge of sounds and syllables, as well as suggestions. In stories from personal experience, children are encouraged to use not only direct, but also indirect speech. Attention is paid to ensuring that children actively use different types of complex sentences during communication. The average group of the kindergarten presupposes the formation of skills in the retelling of simple literary works on the plot.
Emotional well-being of pupils
The average group plans its activities in such a way as to form in the team friendly relations not only between the teacher and children, but also between peers. The educator cares that every child should be active during the entire period of stay in the kindergarten in all types of activities. It ensures a stable emotional-positive state of health for each pupil.
Educational, developing and teaching tasks
Functions of the preschool teacher are diverse. Among the main, I would like to note the provision of physical development of children. The teacher should teach children in time to carry out the basic movements. Particular attention is paid to the formation of elementary cultural and hygienic skills. The average group of the kindergarten presupposes a regime of the day in which the tasks of developing the cognitive activity of pupils are harmoniously integrated. The work of the teacher involves expanding the knowledge of children about people, phenomena and objects. He also teaches the selection of features of objects through sensory examination, elementary analysis and comparison.
What the teacher educates four-year-old children
Inmates of the middle group form the skills of independence. Conducted classes to teach them different ways of doing things. Gradually form the children's self-service skills. Particular attention is paid to teaching gameplay. All the tasks can be found in the program, having found there section "Average group". Games are represented by blocks. It is indicated which of them should be planned in physical education classes, such as during a walk and during free activity. Manual labor in the middle group of the kindergarten also occupies an important place. During its organization, the educator solves many educational, developmental and educational tasks. Such activities contribute to the formation of a friendly atmosphere in the team. Manual labor in the middle group is attractive for children in that it gives an opportunity to show individuality and creativity. Classes for the development of speech are organized according to the program corresponding to this age group. Also, educators form the children's ideas about a healthy lifestyle. The program for the kindergarten presupposes the planning of the activity of the educator in such a way that it favors the full development of each pupil. This is possible due to the observance of the regime, which is made for the average group, taking into account the characteristics of its pupils.
Atmosphere in the middle group of the kindergarten
Among the tasks that the educator decides, the development of relationships among children of four years occupies a special place. He teaches them to coordinate actions, take a common goal and strictly follow it. The teacher cares about that every child is able to experience the joy of the results of joint activities and kindly treat everything around him. He teaches kids to respond emotionally to the condition of other people and show good feelings for plants and animals. In the course of joint activity, the teacher develops creative manifestations of children, brings up interest in participating in different games. He also encourages pupils to engage in artistic activities, teaches us to experience success and joy from the fact that they managed to realize their plans.
How the developing environment is organized
For the full development of four-year-old children are equipped with social, household, social, spiritual and material conditions. Proper equipment is needed to encourage children to play and develop their imagination. The environment can be compared with thinking activity, so it is so important for the comprehensive development of the personality of each child. The subject environment is the external conditions of the pedagogical process, it enables to organize correctly the independent activity of pupils and promotes their self-development under the supervision of the teacher.