Change of teeth in kittens
The owners of cats have a lot of questions about the upbringing and content of the shortcuts at home. Today we will discuss one very important topic, it concerns the teeth. So, let's begin.
When the kittens are born, there is not a single tooth in their jaws yet. At the age of two weeks, the first incisors erupt. By the tenth week a set of baby teeth appears. Many people are interested in the way the teeth change in kittens, the age when babies become the most biting.
At ten weeks, the purr has a full set of dairy teeth. By the way, how many kitten they have? There are twenty-six of them. Around the third week of life there are incisors, in days seven-ten - fangs, and later all are cut through premolars. As a rule, they appear painless. At this time, no one cares: no kitten, no masters. After that comes the change of teeth in kittens. It is impossible to name the period exactly when this happens, since everything is individual. Usually, at the age of seven months, all the teeth have kittens.
The period of the shift brings a lot of trouble. About three or four months begin to change to permanent teeth in kittens. First, the incisors change, followed by the fangs. The last are premolars and molars.
By the way, how many permanent teeth do cats have? They have exactly thirty purrs. There are two canines and three incisors on the lower and upper jaws. On the upper jaw there are four molars (one molar and three premolars), and on the lower jaw there are three molars (two premolars and one molar). Note that every third root is the largest.
Here is the dental formula of an adult cat: three incisors, one canine, three premolars, three incisors, one canine, 2 premolars.
In what order do they change? First cutters cut (four months), then canines in a couple of weeks, two or three, then approximately the premolars and molars (in four to six months).
Change of teeth in kittens: symptoms of the process
As a rule, everything happens asymptomatically. But all the same we will single out one sign of this phenomenon - excitability. The animal can be in this state during eating or drinking liquid. Can also lose appetite. Weakness and lethargy are also signs of a change of teeth. Sometimes there is salivation and soreness of the mouth.
What to do, so that the change of teeth in kittens does not turn into a tragedy? You need to take their teeth with something. For this purpose special toys will do. They are simply irreplaceable in this period. To make the toy better soothe the gum, first freeze it. The more such things, the better.
What kind of feeding should be in this difficult time? Changing teeth in kittens is a rather difficult period, both for the owner and for the children themselves. In principle, the diet is not particularly needed. You just add foods rich in calcium and phosphorus. You can buy special fertilizing that contains these substances. You do not need to go for any special food, since this process is quite natural.
Is it true that during the change of teeth in kittens there is an unpleasant odor from the mouth? Yes it is. But the smell will disappear in a couple of months (one or two).
When there is a change of teeth in kittens, do not treat them condescendingly. Do not let them bite and scratch your hands. Similar behavior can remain in adult cats (then scratches and bites will become much more painful), during puberty, their fun becomes aggressive. So immediately put a taboo on human hands, let the kids gnaw special toys.
During the period of the change of teeth, can the animal be vaccinated?
Here the opinion of experts is divided. Although many believe that all the same it is not worth it to vaccinate at such a time. It is better to do this earlier (two or three months) or later (about eight months), because during the change of teeth there are different changes in the body (hormonal, by the way, too). Vaccination is an additional burden, it can provoke complications, as well as other side effects.
Is it necessary to remove the milk teeth of kittens?
If you do not, then what happens next? If no fangs injure the gum, and new teeth grow evenly, then do not worry. Now try to gently loosen the milk teeth of the kittens. So you can speed up their fallout. You have to start worrying if the old fangs do not fall by the half-year. Then they need to be removed (although in cats such problems are rare). It will be necessary to tear out the dairy fangs. Excessive number of teeth can lead to traumatization of soft tissues in the mouth, development of periodontitis and changes in occlusion.
Why do violations occur?
The main cause of dental abnormalities is a genetic predisposition. Therefore, the owner must inspect his pet, starting with three and a half months. If any abnormalities are detected, go straight to the doctor.
Help of a veterinarian-dentist
If you notice a double row of teeth in your pet, be sure to contact your veterinarian. Let's notice, that even at such pathology of a cat perfectly behave, eat well, play. The presence of such a problem can lead to dental calculus, as well as to more sad consequences, for example, to osteomyelitis.
The only way to solve the problem associated with a double row of teeth is to remove the interfering. Of course, that such a manipulation can be done by a doctor in a vet clinic. All because such operations should be performed under general anesthesia in order to avoid significant stress of the animal, and also to carry out the procedure for removing the milk tooth correctly.
A small conclusion
Now you know how the teeth change in the kittens, the symptoms of which we have described in detail. We hope that everything is clear to you. You understand how to feed the kitten during this period. In addition, if you notice any problems at this time at the purr, then be sure to show it to the veterinarian. Having looked, he will be able to identify the problem. If you make timely diagnosis and treatment, then you will be able to protect yourself from more serious issues related to the teeth and oral cavity of the animal. In general, experts advise visiting a veterinary dentist at least once a year (preferably two). Watch your pet's health, then everything will be fine.