Skimmer for the pool and the principle of its operation
Skimmer is an element of water treatment and water intake in the basin. Recently, skimmer artificial ponds have become very popular. This is due to the fact that their construction is much cheaper than traditional ones.
Consider how the skimmer is designed for the pool. This device is a filtration and purification of water, which is a hollow container. The skimmer in the lateral upper part has a slot through which water flows into it, and in the lower part - a drainage through which water flows. It happens that a filter for rough cleaning is installed inside the skimmer, it is sometimes called a mesh bucket. But basically the skimmer for the pool only transfers the flow of water to the filter system. In this case, the device is not always part of the filtration system. Recently, the so-called hinged skimmer, which is completely autonomous, is quite widespread. Skimmer hinged strengthened on the rim on the inside and does not need to be embedded in a stationary filter system. Basically, such equipment for the pool is provided with a return tube, which makes it possible to work without failures and autonomously.
To ensure that the water does not pour over the edges when swamping it by bathers, the skimmer for the pool lies below the upper edge of the rim at 15 cm. In the pool itself, it is installed so that the water mirror is in the middle of its window. It is known that the volume of water displaced by a person is equal to the volume of its body. The more people swim at the same time in the pool, the higher the water will rise.
What is a skimmer for?
Scientists have proved that no matter how careful the person is, he will still bring in water about 300 000 bacteria, even if he washed before that. There is sweating, hair can fall out, skin microscopic particles peel off. Therefore, if at least one bather has visited the pool, the water is considered contaminated. The pool is polluted not only by people, but also by dust, and if the pond is on the street, leaves, insects and other debris can get into it. Basically, all the dirt accumulates on the surface of the water, and the skimmer for the pool just collects the top layer. With the help of a skimmer, the pump sucks the water from the surface, then it passes the filtration, is heated and is already cleaned back.
Skimmers differ in three main parameters:
1. The size. There are large, medium and small.
2. Material. They are made of stainless steel, plastic and bronze - three basic substances that can be used for the pool.
3. Construction. Combined and single skimmers with mechanical underflow.
4. Decoration of the bowl. For concrete or film.
5. Type of installation. Built-in and hinged.
Individual models are supplied with gaskets and additional flange positions, which makes it possible to use such skimmers in pools decorated with mosaic and liner. The main elements of the skimmer, included in the kit, are the front decorative panel, gaskets, lid, skimmer, basket and float.