Satin - what is this fabric and what are its features
Satin is a cotton fabric with a special weave of threads. The composition of the produced cloths may differ. Everything depends on the fiber that was used in their production. The interweaving of satin threads is distinguished by the silky and smooth structure of the face of the fabric. This effect is obtained due to an unusual relationship in the interweaving of filaments. It is in the satin in the proportion of 4. 1. The simplest is the interlacing in the ratio 1. 1.
Satin. What is this fabric?
Satin has many remarkable properties. The fabric of this material is very pleasant to the touch. In addition, its difference is a kind of brilliance. The explanation is simple. Consider the composition of the fabric. Satin is a cotton thread twisted. This fact was noticed in ancient times - the stronger the cotton thread is twisted, the more glitter satin. This property of the fabric often causes it to be confused with silk, which this material very much resembles at first glance.
Often, when making bed linen, satin is used. What is this fabric for products of this kind? It should be said that this material, in addition to what looks like a royal, is also very strong. The gloss of satin laundry begins to fade a bit after only two or three hundred washes.
Types, which is divided into this tissue
Cotton (satin is made from it) is much cheaper than silk. This allows you to set a lower price for canvases from this raw material. However, the "royal" fabric is the most expensive of cotton fabrics.
The most good thing is "mako-satin." What is this fabric? The production of this material uses the purest cotton. Its finest filaments give the fabric airiness and smoothness. The maximum shine of satin cloth is achieved when it is mercerized. This is the treatment of fabric with alkali. This procedure is carried out in the production process.
Cheap satin - what is this cloth? In order to provide a characteristic luster, such a cloth undergoes calendering. During this process, the fabric is rolled between rolls heated to a high temperature. Calendering turns round threads into flat threads. It should be noted that such a fabric loses its shine during the first wash.
There is jacquard satin. He is referred to elite cotton fabrics. This material has its own characteristics. First of all, this is a woven pattern. The peculiar weaving of threads is created on jacquard machines. In addition, this type of elite satin has a high degree of strength and density.
Methods of coloring
There are two types. To the first of them carry reactive, to the second - pigment. The first species is the most expensive. It involves absorbing the paint directly into the fiber. At the same time, the bright color of the tissue persists for a long time. In addition, when washing it does not shed. The reactive coloration does not affect the quality of the material.
Pigmented method implies a different technology. The paint when it is used is superimposed on the fabric from above. This gives some stiffness to the canvas.