Black fish: photo and description of the most popular aquarium inhabitants
In this article we want to talk about the most popular inhabitants of the aquarium - black fish. They are in great demand. A well-designed aquarium and well-chosen fish are the owner's pride and speak of his fine taste. Black aquarium fish - a stylish and unusual solution. What are their varieties?
One of the most common aquarium fish is Mollies. It is popular for many years. The most common among aquarists is a black fish, artificially bred. It is also called the Pecilia sphenops, Mollenezia Lyrea, Mollenesia Aphrodite. This fish is black (the photo is shown in the article) looks velvety. It appeared in our forties, and only in the sixties it became widespread enough.
This fish lives in the waters of America from Colombia and to Mexico. In natural conditions, various types of Molliesia have a very diverse color. But the fish black (aquarium) was artificially derived, its name was due to the uniform velvet-black color.
Molliesia has an elongated, flat body with small fins and large eyes. These fish belong to the viviparous species.
Mollies is quite active and at the same time moderately friendly creature. Fish prefers to keep in the middle layer of water. It can live in a common aquarium, or in a separate aquarium. Molliesia perfectly coexists with virtually all its neighbors. The only representatives of the underwater world with which it can conflict are tiger barbs. The Molliesians get along very well, but in a tight vessel the males sometimes chase each other, so it is better for them to purchase a spacious aquarium so that each individual will have at least ten liters of water. Fish are very fond of all kinds of bushes and shelters, but they also need a place to frolic.
For a thousand-year period of breeding goldfish, a few dozen varieties have appeared with surprisingly different colors: from pearl white to velvety black. Golden fish - black - this is something extraordinary. They became so popular that sometimes they compete with golden individuals.
Since along with such a variety of fish can not keep in the aquarium algae - they completely eat them, it looks beautiful black fish on a white ground. The spectacle is unusual and fascinating.
It should be remembered that goldfish can not be kept together with tropical varieties, since they need a completely different temperature regime.
Now we know more than fifty varieties of goldfish. All of them differ not only in color but also in the shape of fins, eyes, body and scales.
In aquariums, their size does not exceed twelve centimeters. Goldfish like space and good aeration. In fact, they are schooling creatures, and therefore feel better in the team than in solitude. In addition, the fish have a calm and friendly nature, they can get along well with all neighbors without showing aggression. But even as friends, it is better to pick up tranquil varieties, because active representatives can injure their beautiful fins and damage their eyes. It should be noted that goldfish are considered aquarium long-livers, since they are able to live in it for up to ten years.
Another black fish is a zebra. It is a very rare species in domestic aquariums. That's why it's very appreciated. She is very hardy, keeping her in an aquarium is not particularly difficult. But on sale such fish are infrequent. This is due to the fact that they are nocturnal and live in hard-to-reach corners. Fish are distinguished by vitality. They have large enough sizes (21 centimeters).
In nature zebrasoma occurs in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean near the Solomon Islands, Tuamotu and Pitcairn. To keep such fish at home, you need an aquarium with a volume of at least five hundred liters. Other species of fish are very aggressive to zebrasomes, and those, in turn, maliciously meet newcomers, although eventually it passes. Under the conditions of an aquarium fish does not breed.
Black Dory fish is an ordinary fish-surgeon. Call her Dory children after the release of the cartoon "Nemo". Surgeons are very popular fish in marine aquaristics. All of them have a bright and attractive coloring, there are also black varieties. Fish surgeons keep the aquarium clean. However, their behavior can not be called calm, they often behave aggressively. Some individuals grow so large that they can not be kept at home.
Fish surgeons under certain circumstances are able to change color, becoming darker or lighter. Their unusual name they got because of a very sharp outgrowth, located in the area of the tail, which resembles a blade. In an angry state, fish can cut and chop each other with such weapons, but the damage is usually not serious.
All surgeons are gluttonous creatures who like to eat. They are herbivores and agree to almost all vegetable feed.
Black surgeon 0 is Achilles, it is also called red-tailed. This fish is black with orange spots on the sides and the same bright tail. It is this type of surgeon that is least hardy and most susceptible to disease.
Labeo's two-color is quite widespread in the aquarium world. The most beautiful is a black fish with a red tail. It looks very bright and contrast. The velvety black color of the body turns into a bright red fin. In the aquarium these fish reach twelve centimeters. They like to hide in shelters and caves, so the pond needs to be equipped with everything necessary. In addition, the laboy differ in his cocky temperament. Very often they conflict with their neighbors in red or with their fellows. In principle, the Labeo can be kept with other fish, but provided that the aquarium will be large enough (at least a hundred liters).
If several individuals live in the same reservoir, then the larger one will necessarily dominate, and it will constantly prove its superiority by engaging in fights.
Small black fish
If you want to see in your aquarium a quick flock of small fish of black color, which are fun sports, then you definitely need to acquire individuals of the Pecilian family.
Sword-bearers, guppies and pecilia are bred in a noble black color. All of the above varieties perfectly coexist with each other. A beautiful company can make them an ornament with a phantom of a black shade.
In a fairly large aquarium (from a hundred liters and more), you can keep a couple of black tanning beds. These fish are distinguished by an interesting form of fins in the form of a crescent moon. They like dense vegetation, but the rich black color does not allow them to completely get lost. The Scalarians are quite peaceful, they can be combined with pelcellies.
The Black Knife Ateronot received due to the shape of his elegant body. Fish of this species are completely painted black, only on the tail there are two white rings. The black knife is an unusual fish. Its fin on the abdomen is so developed that it allows it to swim in almost all directions.
Arpteronotes are very aggressive towards their fellow humans, so they are recommended to be kept separately. In addition, they grow large enough - up to twenty centimeters. Active, but peaceful apteronotes get along well with the scalars and mollies. But they can perceive small guppies as food.
Black cichlids are unique fish. First of all, they are interesting for their unusual coloring. In addition, they surprise their habits: they can be so tamed that they allow you to iron yourself.
Black cichlids look remarkably and effectively in a separate aquarium.
Instead of an afterword
The beauties considered above immediately attract the eye. If you decide to decorate your aquarium in the style of minimalism, then black fish and artificial white soil will be an excellent effective solution. Fortunately, dozens of varieties of black aquarium fish are currently being harvested.