The Russian greyhound rushes faster than the wind! Standards and characteristics of dogs of the breed Russian Borzoi
The Russian Greyhound is a symbol and pride of the domestic dog breeding. This graceful and elegant breed has been grown for several centuries.
History of appearance
The Russian Greyhound is mentioned for the first time in the report of the German ambassador, who is at the court of Ivan the Terrible's father - Prince Vasily. Somewhat later, a thorough breeding of this breed of dogs began. Representatives of the Tatar aristocracy, resettled by Ivan the Terrible to the Astrakhan and Kazan lands, opened hunting there with greyhounds. Sneaking dogs suited the taste of Russian landlords. After this, the breeding of a new breed of greyhounds, similar to the eastern one, but more adapted for those latitudes, began.
New hunting dogs appeared as a result of crossing the species of husky with eastern saluki. The first of them gave the Russian greyhound courage and strength, and the latter - grace and lightness. This turned out to be an excellent breed. Somewhat later, the blood of Western dirhounds, greyhounds, and so on was mixed with it.
Hunting with Russian greyhounds was conducted on foxes, wolves, hares, and sometimes on ungulates. These dogs were kept only in well-to-do houses.
Until the nineteenth century the Russian Greyhounds crossed with other breeds. As a result, four varieties were formed:
- An old Russian dog;
Before the abolition of serfdom (1861), Russian greyhounds were numerous and popular. Subsequently, when the position of the landowners was shaken, in a large number of dogs they stopped to keep. However, this only won the Russian hound greyhound. Nurseries that appeared in the country were under the control of those people who knew the breed. In 1875 almost all known borers of Russia gathered at the Moscow congress. At this meeting it was decided to combine all the existing species of the breed into one and call it this: the Russian hound greyhound. In the history of dog breeding there was one more important stage. This happened in 1888 when the standard for this breed was adopted.
After the revolution of 1917, many breeders of dogs emigrated from the USSR. Despite the development of societies engaged in breeding of greyhounds, the number of these dogs in Europe was much larger than in Russia.
Nowadays popularity has returned to this breed. Many people decide to have a Russian hound. However, it is worth considering that the price of a thoroughbred puppy is in the range of one to five thousand dollars.
The Russian greyhound is currently bred by breeders all over the world. In addition, the breed has a huge number of connoisseurs, who are delighted with its strength, speed and aristocracy.
The Russian Greyhound (photo below) has a height at the withers from seventy to eighty-two centimeters. This is a parameter for males. The height at the withers in the bitches is slightly smaller. It is in the range of sixty-five to seventy-five centimeters.
The Russian greyhound has a fairly long body. A photo of a dog of this breed vividly demonstrates her dark almond-shaped large eyes with a clever and friendly expression.
An impressive size dog has a relatively rectangular body shape. The breed is used mainly as a hunting or a hound.
The standard of the breed is the Russian Borzoi - this is the head, narrowed towards the lobe of the nose. The ears are set high. They straighten out when the dog is alert. In a calm state, the animal's ears are somewhat fed back.
The Russian greyhound always has a black nose that protrudes slightly to the side and forward of the incisors. The teeth of these dogs are well developed. They are strong and healthy. The incisors have a bite that resembles ticks or scissors.
The neck of the Russian greyhound is muscular and long. It is covered with a fairly thick coat and does not have a dewlap. The breed is distinguished by a very elongated relatively long chest, as well as a broad, muscular and long croup. Planting the saber or sickle-tail in the greyhounds is quite low. The forelimbs of the dog are set straight.
In the description of the breed standard muscular, long and wide hips are indicated. In this case, the dog has oval paws with arched toes that are tightly compressed. Soft cushions allow you to elastically repel when running and with the step. Therefore, the speed of the Russian greyhound, which it can develop, is twenty-eight meters per second.
The wool of this breed is curly or silky, wavy and long. Color can be different. Sometimes it is white with a slight golden tint. There are individuals with a fire color with an admixture of black. The Russian greyhound is characterized by the gray color of the legs and muzzles, with shades from silver to yellow. The wool is decorated with tiger stripes. Their color may be fiery-golden or gray. There are individuals with black or fire strips, as well as with any intermediate shades that these colors possess.
The dog of the breed Russian greyhound is restrained, calm and always self-confident. At the same time, this is a dangerous opponent in the fight, because under her appearance are hidden courage and strength.
Despite the fact that the Russian greyhound is a hunting dog, it can become a loyal member of your family. Representatives of this breed are not intrusive. They can spend hours in their assigned place, without requiring any attention. In the presence of strangers, dogs show a little shyness. Aggression occurs very rarely.
The Russian dog greyhound possesses aristocratic restraint, but at the same time likes to be caressed. Calm and gentle homes, this dog in the shower is always a hunter. When she gets to the places where the game is in, she needs control, because your pet will immediately start chasing.
The character of the dog is adversely affected by the change of the owner. If the greyhound is well brought up, then she lacks nervousness and dangerous unpredictability. This breed is characterized by a balanced temperament.
Choosing a puppy
The decision to acquire a Russian greyhound requires careful consideration. The puppy needs to be properly raised, and also to give it a personal time and a convenient place. All this is important for the harmonious and healthy development of the dog.
It is also necessary to determine how the greyhound will be used. It can be a hound or a hunting dog, as well as a room or a sentry.
The ideal age of the puppy is from ten to sixteen months. Such a dog is ready for vaccinations and training on the part of the host.
Walking with your pet
Puppies of the Russian dog greyhound require a lot of attention. To bring them up you will need a lot of energy and strength. First of all, the food of the pet should be regular and correct. Puppy should not be tired with too long walks and active games. Do not interfere with the pet and when he rests. During walks with your pet you should avoid slippery roads. Because of the underdeveloped at this age, the muscle and ligaments should not be allowed to jump over the stairs. At first, the puppy must learn to play only on a leash, learn his name and go to the place chosen by him. It is recommended to name a small pet simply and shortly. Only in this case will the name be easy to perceive.
Some time will pass, and the puppy will come to you at will. Squat and hug your pet, affectionately naming his name.
When walking, do not pull the leash. The puppy looks at him as a certain restriction. Your task is to make the little pet treat the leash as a means of entertainment. Puppies of the Russian greyhound are not allowed to walk alone until they learn to obey the orders of their master. The inherent instinct of persecution in this breed can cause the puppy to rush into the pursuit of prey at any moment.
The diet of your pet should include all the elements necessary for health and normal development. In the diet, the presence of fats and vitamins, proteins (especially animal origin), carbohydrates and mineral salts is necessary. In this case, the correct proportion should be observed between nutrients. For the health and well-being of the puppy, it is necessary to give him not too fatty and not too lean food. The first sign that the food is picked up correctly is a smooth good coat.
Care and maintenance
A person who took a Russian greyhound puppy to his house will need to observe certain rules of hygiene. A happy and healthy dog is distinguished by a shiny thick coat. To keep the puppy you will need to buy a brush or comb. These devices will need to regularly comb and clean the hair, removing from its surface obsolete hairs, possible knots and dirt. Such care will become a preventive measure against parasites. Combing the wool will remove the scabies and fleas that are planted in it. In the trading network, you can buy drugs against parasites, as well as other remedies such as therapeutic baths, lotions and collars.
A Russian greyhound dog can perfectly adapt to the conditions of a city apartment. It is worth remembering that to maintain a good shape, she needs daily long walks.
When a small pet appears in the house, you should remove dangerous items for him. They can be telephone and electrical wires, as well as sockets protruding from the wall. All these items must be blocked or removed altogether, because they pose a great danger to the life of a puppy. Approximately up to six months of age the pet should not leave unattended shoes and books. This will only provoke the puppy. With age, the desire to be interested in all sorts of things and grab whatever horrible it will pass. It is worth remembering that a small puppy, like a child, loves to indulge and nabotokurit. This should be treated with condescension. Take your pet, buying him funny toys.
To your pet is not sick, it must be regularly taken to an experienced veterinarian. The health of the dog will be served by properly planned vaccinations. They have a certain schedule. Thus, at the sixth, ninth and thirteenth week, and then at six months, the puppy should be vaccinated against parvovirus. To the veterinarian of the pet it will be necessary to carry for the eighth week, and then in three and six months. At this age, it is supposed to instill a puppy from hepatitis, sapa and tape-spiroz. It will take a pet a shot against rabies. He is made at six months of age. After that, all of the above vaccinations are repeated yearly.
When acquiring a puppy, it is important to find out from the seller whether he has driven worms from an animal. This is necessary before vaccination twice, taking a break in nine days. When the puppy is three weeks old, the first procedure necessary to expel the worms should be performed. After nine days, it is repeated, and then a couple of weeks can be vaccinated.
It is recommended to drive worms in an adult dog four times a year, using special means purchased in a veterinary pharmacy.
A pet should be taught to the teams. The most important of them is "to me". You will need to train the teams to "stand", "fu", "lie" and some others. Gradually, you need to teach your puppy to participate in future exhibitions. Your pet should behave calmly when examining the teeth, it is nice to walk on a leash and not be afraid of strangers. Gradually, one should accustom the puppy to cars and noisy places. He should be made to understand that they are not dangerous for him.
Education of character
At the age of three weeks the puppy begins to see and hear well. From this moment begins the formation of the character of the dog and the perception of the whole surrounding world. In this case, much depends on the relationship that the owner shows to his pet. In the future, this affects the affections of the dog, its fears, caresses, kindness, aggressiveness, etc. The process of character formation depends on contacts with the owner, because they allow the puppy to correctly orient in the world around him.
To support the innate instinct of the Russian greyhound your pet needs movement. With a puppy, it's enough to walk constantly at a rapid pace. Adult should be let out for a free rummage in fields. If there is no possibility to go outside the city, then to train dogs you can participate in tests on an artificial beast. This will be an excellent learning factor for young dogs.