Birth at the 30th week of pregnancy: the probability of a successful outcome
Childbirth at 30 weeks of pregnancy is a common fear in expectant mothers. This risk exists even with a successful bearing of the fetus and a good state of health, so doubt somehow lives in the heart of a woman. It is better to get acquainted with this topic in advance in order to dispel unpleasant myths and conjectures.
Probability of premature birth
Childbirth at 30 weeks of pregnancy is considered premature. In earlier times, if a child was born before the 28th week, it was considered a miscarriage, but modern technology allows babies born from the 22nd week with a weight of 0.5 kg if they survive and do not die within 7 days .
The care of such newborns is a rather complex process. It requires expensive modern equipment, which is available only in first-class hospitals. Either way, doctors are obliged to fight for the life of an infant. However, special preparations are required for this. They are in specialized clinics and maternity homes.
When premature birth occurs on the 30th week of pregnancy, the children weigh 1-2 kg. The type of treatment and the probability of survival of the fetus depend on the condition of the mother. A woman who is afraid to give birth before the term, it is worthwhile to know that about 7% of children are born before the planned time. Of these, deliveries at the 30th week of pregnancy occur in 30% of cases.
In modern clinics, doctors are able to care for such babies, save more than half the life. Most are born on time, so if there are no prerequisites, you should not worry again. Otherwise, the main thing is to immediately contact the doctor.
Why do births occur on the 30-31 week of pregnancy? The reason for this can serve as a disease and infection that appeared in the body in the early stages. The uterine cavity is an extremely sensitive environment, acutely responsive to any irritation.
If the muscles can not stretch, this will prevent the baby from developing. It squeezes the walls of the uterus, because of what it comes out earlier. Therefore, it is important to take tests that can detect the presence of infections, even before fertilization. If they are found, they are treated. In extreme cases, this is done in the early stages to prevent childbirth on the 29-30th week of pregnancy.
Insufficiency of the cervix (cervical insufficiency)
Another cause is the pathology that occurs in the cervix. It does not have enough strength to keep an ever-growing fetus, so it reveals, because of what happens childbirth at the 30th week of pregnancy.
It's not a congenital disease. It appears because of miscarriages and abortions, during which the uterine cavity is scraped. Any artificial interference with the use of dilating instruments is harmful. Another cause of the disease can become too much of the male hormones produced in the adrenal glands.
In some women, the uterus is simply not enough or not properly developed (infantilism, dvuhrost, saddle). Someone is harmed by endocrine diseases (pathologies of the thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus). Do not write off the harmful effects of cigarettes, drugs and alcohol, stress at work and irregular working and rest.
If the birth before the term took place in the past, it is likely that they will be repeated. So there really are a lot of reasons. If a woman notices some of these signs, this is not a cause for concern, but it will not be superfluous to consult a specialist.
Then the doctor will be able to monitor the condition of the pregnant woman and prevent unwanted development of the situation. He will be able to identify in time the precursors of labor at the 30th week of pregnancy, provide assistance that will delay the fetus in the womb, ensure his health and vitality, stop the baby's early release before the term begins.
However, this is possible only if the cervix is not yet open. In this case, everything has to be done extremely accurately to ensure the rescue of the baby.
Precursors of premature delivery
How to understand that a woman is threatened with childbirth at 30 weeks of pregnancy? Comments from mothers who passed through them indicate that they felt pain in the lower back and in the lower abdomen. Increases the tone of the walls and hardens the abdomen. The uterus remains closed, carries fights and contractions.
After this, shortening and opening occurs, amniotic fluid flows. In total, the symptoms are identical with those of the normal birth of an infant, with the exception of some complications associated with hemorrhage, exfoliation of the placenta. They flow much faster than under standard conditions.
If signs appear that indicate a threat of premature birth, an ambulance should be called for. An independent attempt to get to the maternity hospital will not be the best idea. Because of the additional burden on the body and movements, the birth will only accelerate, which is not at all advisable if the necessary equipment and medicines are not near.
It is important to get to the hospital, where they know how to work with the premature exit of the baby to the light. Then the heir will not only be safely born, but will also be surrounded by the care of qualified specialists.
Having carried out the call to the ambulance, the woman should drink a mother-in-between or valerian to calm down, and 2 tablets "No-shpy" as an antispasmodic. Further it is necessary to lay down easy and wait for arrival of doctors. You can promise yourself and your baby that everything will go well. The most important thing is not to lose self-control, because excess nerves only aggravate the situation.
After coming to the hospital, they examine the future mother, determine whether premature births really started, and examine the condition of the cervix. Prescribe drugs that reduce the stress of the uterus. As a rule, this is "Genipral" or "Patrusiten". For an early action, the administration of the drugs is carried out with a syringe into the vein.
When the condition stabilizes, tablets are used until the 37th week, which is considered a normal term for childbirth. A woman takes sedatives to normalize the psycho-emotional background. Stress can push the body toward premature rejection of the baby.
Having experienced this once, the future mother can hardly calm down, so it is often difficult to do without special means. The doctor determines the cause of what happened. In case of infection, leakage or waste of amniotic fluid, the pregnant woman drinks antibiotics to protect the child from the threat.
If the cause is in the underdevelopment of the uterus, with complications, they struggle with the help of the Golgi ring, which tightens the neck. Also appoint "Dexamethasone", which increases the viability of the fetus, which strengthens its respiratory organs.
In those cases where the preservation of pregnancy threatens the life of the fetus or the mother, the birth does not stop, but, on the contrary, stimulates.
What does labor bring with it at 30 weeks of pregnancy? The consequences are insignificant for a woman. The rupture of the perineum is unlikely due to the small size of the fetus. In the rest everything proceeds, as with the usual resolution of the burden.
The delay in the maternity home occurs only in connection with the state of the child. The mother is sent for examination in order to establish the reasons for what happened. Prescribe treatment to eliminate the factors affecting this outcome.
At the birth of the next child, the doctor is constantly watching the woman, especially at the time when the previous first-born was born, and also on days 14-21 (the fetal egg is attached), from the 4th to the 12th week, when the placenta is formed, with 18th to 22nd week, when the uterus is intensively growing, and on the days of the supposed course of menstruation.
It is much more difficult to survive the earlier appearance of a baby. He, most likely, will be sent to the intensive care unit. Mothers and relatives, as well as a team of doctors spend a lot of energy on nursing a child, but it is quite possible.
The flexible organism of children with proper care is able to overcome all the complications and take the path of proper development, to be restored in such a way that the early term of birth will not affect the future life of a person.