Regime moments in kindergarten
Does the child need the regime of the day? Almost every parent is asked this question. And then opinions diverge:
- someone thinks that one should be guided by the child's biological clock;
- someone, on the contrary, is of the opinion that it is necessary to dictate to the child the basic regime moments from infancy, which will accustom him to the necessary routine of the day.
What for the child a mode
The child's day schedule is often based on a diet. Children get used to getting up in the morning, washing themselves, eating breakfast, practicing or walking, then having dinner, resting and so on until the lights go out. If this division is not present, then problems with food begin, because the child can have a snack at any time with yoghurt, roll, fruit. As a result, does not feel hunger, which is necessary for a full meal.
It is interesting that often in a family where dietary eating habits are not observed, parents do not worry about observing the daily routine as a whole. This leads to the fact that the time of awakening and falling asleep is always different, daytime sleep is a non-permanent phenomenon.
It is proved that children are conservatives. They feel much calmer when they know what awaits them in the next moment, and react sharply to the change in planned actions.
The behavior of children who do not have a day regimen is characterized by frequent emotional outbursts in the form of hysterics for any reason, they can increase the level of aggression and conflict. It's hard to put the kids to bed at night. If he woke up late, respectively, during the day he does not rest. The nervous system is overloaded, as a result it is difficult for the child to restructure and quietly fall asleep.
To prevent this from happening, it is better to stick to a certain schedule, even if not very strict.
Another powerful argument in favor of the regime
Sometimes parents are satisfied with such a life when the child is free to make a decision. However, problems begin when it's time to go to a pre-school. The regime moments in kindergarten are strictly observed, and the child will be very difficult to adapt if he is not used to them.
Therefore, it is strongly recommended that parents familiarize themselves with the day's regime in the pre-school and arrange their day in advance as close to the kindergarten schedule. This will facilitate the life of the child while getting used to the new conditions.
Living in a kindergarten
The regime moments in the pre-school (pre-school educational institution, or kindergarten) are organized in such a way that children always have time for active games, classes and full rest. Almost all state kindergartens adhere to the general rules when scheduling the day.
For independent games there is a time of free activity, and for them some part of the walk is allocated.
In the summer, educational activities in regime moments change slightly, because for this period there are many excursions to museums, visits to theaters, zoos and other events outside the institution.
The time of eating in kindergarten is almost the same everywhere. In some preschools, children are offered fruit and juices as a second breakfast.
During a quiet hour, children sleep or quietly lie in beds. The time of daytime rest varies from 2 to 3 hours.
Naturally, the regime moments in the younger group will differ slightly from the daily routine in the senior or preparatory.
Where does the morning begin?
In the morning the teacher takes the child to the group. In doing so, he should pay attention to the state of health and appearance of the baby. If a child has signs of a disease, he is sent to a medical office. There, the nurse decides whether the child is allowed to stay in a childcare facility or he needs medical assistance.
In the morning, the regimen includes gymnastics, washing. These activities are necessary not only from the educational point of view. Unfortunately, not all parents have time to perform these procedures at home. In the process of performing the latter, the teacher conducts pedagogical work, makes sure that sleeves are rolled up, and hands are soaped over the sink so that there is no splashing. This instills in children a sense of order and a desire to maintain cleanliness.
After this, preparation for breakfast begins. There are children in the groups who are on duty. They have certain duties that are easy for babies to do. During breakfast, the teacher draws the children's attention to the name of dishes and dishes, which, in turn, develops the vocabulary and horizons of children.
How is the walk organized?
Educational activity in the regime moments of the DOW is always written in the plans. When collecting for a walk, children are clearly given an installation for further action.
First, the group is put in order, and then the rules of behavior in the locker room are reminded.
Educational tasks are also solved in the process of dressing children. The educator pronounces the name of the clothing, its details, its purpose. Thus, the vocabulary on the topic "Clothes" is being replenished.
During the walk, the educator organizes various activities of children. Beforehand, they must be familiarized with the available inventory and toys. It is also necessary to discuss the rules for handling them.
Regime moments provide for that on a walk children need to be given time for joint free activity, but at the same time the educator should ensure that during the interaction the children are not overexcited.
Must be a mobile game. Periodically, the guys are involved in cleaning the site.
Half an hour before the end of the walk, the teacher needs to organize a more peaceful activity, for example, to observe the occurring phenomena around or talk about changes in nature.
Before returning to the group, children are told the rules of behavior in the locker room.
During dressing, the teacher is faced with the task of instilling in the children a careful attitude to clothing, showing how to put their things in lockers.
Preparing for a quiet hour and lifting
Lunch is about the same as breakfast. On duty, they are also appointed, they are given feasible tasks.
Regime moments are also observed after eating, when the preparation for bed begins. To do this, the educator must strictly follow the discipline in the group, so that children do not play out and do not grow up, a mood for rest is created. The atmosphere should be calm so that the guys can relax.
In the process of preparing for bed, the educator is faced with the task of continuing to teach children respectful attitude to things, to encourage positive emotions in relation to daytime rest.
During the ascent, children should not be distracted by extraneous things, but immediately dressed and then wait for the rest. At this time, you can offer the child a quiet game, for example, to collect an uncomplicated puzzle.
Developmental activities with children
In the regime moments in the garden, the developmental activities in mathematics, the development of speech, drawing, modeling, physical culture, music, the consolidation of domestic skills and others are necessarily included.
Most of the lessons last no more than half an hour, because children at this age are not able to hold attention for a long time, because of what they need a constant change of activities.
Naturally, the duration of classes in the nursery group differs from that in the preparatory group.
Analyzing the regime moments in the kindergarten, you can see that some items remain unchanged for all age groups. These include:
However, the leaders of the DOU are trying to develop a daily routine in such a way as to take into account the age characteristics of children in each group.