Child's day regimen in 1 month: sleep, meals, walks
The regime of the child's day in 1 month is a certain schedule, according to which he is fed, laid to sleep, communicate, play, are with him in the fresh air. Pediatricians have developed a different approach to this issue. Some doctors believe that the regime of the day of the baby should be free, because the baby has his own biological clock. Others are supporters of a clear order. From their point of view, everything should be painted literally by the minute. How to organize the regime of the day of infants, even if pediatricians are not unanimous in this issue?
First, it is necessary to take into account the wishes of the child, it is not necessary to turn the beautiful moment of education into a difficult struggle. And secondly, adhering to the routine, the mother will facilitate the care of the baby and provide an opportunity for your own rest. But about everything in order.
The importance of the schedule for the child and parents
After the birth of a baby from the mother's womb, the process to the outside world should be facilitated. If you repeat the same actions during each day in a strictly defined time, the child will get used to and begin to understand what will follow. Carefully planned mode of the baby's day will allow the baby to decide during periods of wakefulness, sleep, walks, feeding. Psychologists say that a child who has a daily routine is less prone to moods and stresses.
Parents will also be able to plan their schedule more clearly. Just as adults live according to a specific schedule, helping to solve all vital issues, so the regime of the day of the baby can alleviate the fate of the latter.
Let's consider, from what basic stages the first days of the baby are added:
- active state;
- hygienic procedures;
- stay in the fresh air.
During the first month of the child's life, sleep is given up to 18-20 hours. Breastfeeding should be on demand, approximately 6 to 8 times in the afternoon and 1-2 at night. In the active state the newborn is only 4-6 hours a day. In this interval, parents can conduct hygienic procedures, socialize and play with the child. During walks on the street the child basically also sleeps.
The question of how to adjust the regime of the day of the baby, worried more than one generation. Each time with the birth of a long-awaited baby, parents are in a bit confused. How to teach your newborn child to order?
Let's start in the morning. Most often it begins with a mother and baby from 6 o'clock. The regime of the baby's day should begin with hygienic procedures. After all, you need to wash your baby. To do this, his face is wiped with a cotton pad soaked in warm water. Eyes rinsed from the outer edge to the inner corner. Also rub the auricles without penetrating inside. If necessary, clean the spout using a turunda. More details about this procedure will be described below.
At 6 o'clock 30 minutes - feeding the baby. Half an hour later, they put him to bed. The baby rests for 2-3 hours, after which a 30-minute period of wakefulness begins. At this time, the child should definitely talk, play, sing songs. So on the continuation of the whole day, feeding and sleeping alternate.
However, how to adjust the regime of the day of the baby, if the child does not follow the planned schedule at all? The main thing is not to panic. It should be understood that in the first (after birth) days the newborn lives according to its schedule, which should be systematized gradually. Do not wake the baby in order not to miss the time of feeding. It is not necessary to rush and to the other extreme - to wait for a period for feeding, if the baby is hungry. Mom must be flexible, but try to follow a certain regimen.
Washing the newborn
Every morning on the awakening the child is washed. It is very important to perform such procedures on a daily basis. The kid will quickly get used to them. This is one of the important steps that allow us to gradually put into practice the carefully planned regime of the child's day in 1 month.
The place for care is better to choose a changing table, since it is convenient for placing the necessary devices and objects. The thermal index of water for washing should initially correspond to 37 degrees. For tempering purposes, you should gradually lower the temperature to 25 degrees.
Washing usually begins with the cleansing of the eye. They need to be treated with a moistened cotton pad. Smooth motion wipes the eye from the outer to the inner corner. The child's nose is wiped from the outside, also using a wet napkin. The inner part of the nozzle is cleaned with flagellum from cotton wool, making rotational movements. For hygienic procedures, boiled water is used. Clearing the ears is convenient for making such flagella, removing sulfur from the outer part of the ear canal. It is not recommended to push the turunda inside. Since you do not remove sulfur, but move it deeper into the passage. Ears cleanse a couple of times a week. The umbilical wound is treated twice a day with hydrogen peroxide (3% solution), then greased.
In this issue, the views of pediatricians are similar. In accordance with their recommendations, the infant's diet should be subject to the requirement of the newborn.
From the doctors, mothers can hear that the baby should be kept at the breast of the mother 24 hours a day. Of course, do not take literally these words. The baby needs to be laid to sleep in his own bed and fed at his request. This is especially important for those mothers who have the first child. After all, they had not previously faced with the need to plan the regime of the child's day in 1 month.
About three decades ago, the babies were fed in accordance with the established schedule. No matter how the child behaved (crying, screaming), they waited for the necessary time corresponding to the regime. Some parents still use this rule.
Feeding on demand has its value, because there is a adjustment of the mother's body to the needs of the baby. Milk is produced in the required quantity - as much as the baby needs. Such a process begins immediately after the birth of the baby.
It is very important before starting the feeding, lay out the baby for a short time on the tummy. Remember that in the stomach of the child when feeding with the milk gets air. For his release, the newborn should be held in a vertical position for burping after eating. This will be a prevention of colic.
Feeding the baby for the first time
Mom still in the maternity home needs to learn the correct attachment to the breast of the newborn. A midwife and other staff can help here. You need to put the crumb on the barrel, face to yourself, touch his cheek with your finger. When he opens his mouth, put as deeply as possible into the mouth of the nipple. Areola must be completely captured.
Nutrition for the first time is of great importance for the newborn. The sooner the woman puts the baby to the chest, the sooner he will get the colostrum valuable for him. And it has a very useful composition. It includes immunoglobulins, proteins, vitamins, enzymes necessary for colon colonization, bacteria and hormones. It is necessary to add to them staphylococcal antitoxin. Colostrum is very caloric, even if the baby got it in the smallest amount.
Morning for mom and baby usually starts at 6 am, with the first feeding. Further during the day there are five more feedings: 10.00, 13.00, 16.30, 20.00. At 23 hours 30 minutes the baby is fed before bedtime.
Mom should be ready for the fact that feeding can last from 30 minutes to an hour. Without a reason, it should not be interrupted. For the child this process is important, as it is not only saturated with food, but also calmed down after the work done.
It is worth remembering the fresh air. Children's doctors recommend taking the baby out for the first walk in the summer 7-10 days after discharge from the maternity hospital. When a child is born in a cold period, he is taken out to the street 3-4 weeks after discharge. This issue must be agreed with the pediatrician.
When you first go out into the street, the question arises: what kind of clothes should a baby have for a walk? Also what to take with itself? Collecting a crumb for a walk, do not over-pack it. The kid should not be hot, he should not sweat. It is not worth it to swaddle tightly, to make it difficult to move.
After all, such a state will quickly tire a child. In addition, this will lead to a violation of normal air exchange. At the same time, try to dress the baby in accordance with the weather, so that he is not cold outside.
It's better to walk with a small child in a quiet and peaceful place, away from noisy city highways and roads. If the baby on a walk feels great, the time spent in the fresh air can be stretched from 40 minutes to 2 hours.
As a rule, winds or rainy weather can be somewhat dangerous for walks. Uncomfortable are very hot days. Despite this, the baby still needs to be taken out to fresh air. But the wheelchair should be placed under the awning.
The correct mode of the breastfeeding day should include two walks. And now let's touch on the necessary things for the baby to go out into the street. Each mother must take with herself a sheet and a blanket, spare sliders and a blouse, a warm hat (in the cold period). It will be useful in the street for a bottle with food (expressed breast milk), especially if the baby does not want to eat on the eve of a walk.
Bathing a child
Pediatricians recommend arranging baby air baths. They promote hardening and prevent diaper rash and chalk. If the time of sleep has not yet come, it is useful to let the baby lie down without clothes. This procedure can also be repeated during dressing. Do not forget to pat your baby on the back, tummy, to do a light massage. In the morning, you can add charging. To the child such actions will be very pleasant. It should be noted that these activities stimulate the development of the child.
While there is a tightening of the navel, for swimming use boiled water, adding a solution of manganese (with the thermal regime of water to 37 degrees). Soap does not have to be used daily. The head is washed no more often than a couple of times in seven days. From time to time it is recommended to use a decoction of different medicinal plants.
Having redeemed the baby, treat the umbilical wound. This procedure should be done until complete healing. After bathing, apply the powder and baby cream to maintain skin dryness and protection from various irritations.
Tempering a child
In order for the child to be healthy, regular hardening is necessary. Air baths are conducted at room temperature from 23 degrees. The kid is put on a changing table, undressed and allowed to move legs and handles. Begin with 1-2 minutes and gradually increase the time of the procedure to 5-10 minutes. Consistently begin to lower the temperature of the air in the room to 17-18 degrees. Air procedures are carried out from the first month of life of the baby.
Quenching is facilitated by systematic walks in the fresh air. As previously noted, the baby must necessarily breathe fresh air. Therefore, plan so the regime of the child's day in 1 month, so that the baby could walk as much as possible.
In summer, the duration of the first walk is up to 17 minutes at a temperature above +20 degrees. It is recommended to increase the walk time daily by 5 minutes. In winter, the first walk is approximately 12 minutes. The temperature in the street should not be below -3 degrees. Every second day, the length of stay on the street is increased by 5 minutes. A month later the child's walks should last 45 minutes twice a day in the summer, in winter time their duration should be about half an hour.
Parents should be aware of the great benefits of sleeping outdoors for a young child. A little clue. Upon returning from a walk, you need to check whether the legs and spout are warm. If they are warm, then your child was dressed correctly.
Sleep of a baby
Most of the day is taken at bedtime. In the first month it is very important to accustom the child to the correct schedule of periods of wakefulness and rest. The baby at this time is awake only 4-6 hours a day.
To accustom the baby to the regime, one should heed the advice given by Dr. Komarovsky. The dream of the baby does not turn into a headache for the parents, if the latter begin to fulfill certain rules for preparing for rest:
- Carefully observe the sleep regime.
- In the daytime, sleepyhead should be awakened if the child rests more than the allotted time. Only then he will have a great night.
- A lot of walking in the afternoon.
- Ventilate the room regularly.
- Do not skip evening bathing, which contributes to a better sleep.
- Use only quality diapers.
- Equip the cot with a comfortable mattress.
Meals for months
Kids grow up quickly. The norms for feeding infants should also change rapidly.
The main recommendations for the diet:
- 1 month. Exclusive breastfeeding. The baby may be near the breast for about an hour.
- 2 month. Also only breast milk. Full feedings occur, as a rule, in 40 minutes - 3.5 hours. The norm is considered 3-5 times per night and from 5 to 7 during the day.
- 3 month. During the day, the baby is fed (breast milk) 6-8 times. And at night - 2-4. A prolonged break in feeding can be observed - up to five hours. But this happens rarely enough.
- 4 month. Feeding remains nursing. However, at this age, complementary feeding is possible. This aspect should always be discussed with the pediatrician.
- 5 month. A kid can show interest in adult food. He is allowed to give "on trial" (lick) any product. If the child showed interest in food, then the time of the first lure came up.
- 6 months. Against the background of breast feeding, the child is introduced into the diet of lure.
- 7 month. Breastfeeding is combined with complementary feeding. The kid is pleased to suck a piece of apples, cookies or a wheel.
- 8 month. At this age the child eats from 4 to 6 times a day. And at night, feeding is reduced to 2 times.
- 9 month. One of the feedings can be supplemented with “adult” food.
- 10 month. Throughout the day, the child constantly chews something, with pleasure tries the food from the table of adults.
- 11 month. The time when the baby can have two full complementary foods.
- 12 month. Breast feeding with lures up to 2 times a day. The kid is happy to try another meal.
Such nutrition of infants by months is recommended by pediatricians. However, it is worth remembering that every baby grows and develops exclusively according to its laws and rules. If, after trying the "adult" food, he wrinkles and does not want to use it, do not worry. It's just that the time has not yet come.
Love and tenderness of the mother will cause the child's confidence and pleasure. A certain regime of the child's day in 1 month will allow him to adapt more quickly. Remember, the routine will have a beneficial effect on the development of the child's body. Parents and other family members, he will create the most comfortable conditions.