Child registration after birth: deadlines and documents
After the long-awaited son or daughter was born, parents have a lot of trouble: you need to take care not only that the child was full and healthy, but we should not forget about the registration of the necessary documents of the new citizen. What is their list, and where to register the child after birth? Let's figure it out.
Who is responsible for registering the birth of a child
Parents or their authorized persons must legislatively fix the appearance of the baby. If the mother and father decided to delegate their powers to a third party, then they must complete the corresponding notarial power of attorney. In addition, in exceptional cases, the registration of the child after birth can be carried out by the staff of the medical institution in which the baby was born, or the medical institution where it is located at a given time. Despite the possible life difficulties of adults, the kid must find his first documents.
Which state body is authorized to issue new documents
There is a registration of the birth of the child in the registry office. Legally, the responsibility for recording is assigned to this specialized body. In which registry office to register a child? According to generally established rules, the fixation of the birth of an infant can be carried out in the bodies located at the parents' residence permit or at the place of the actual stay of the crumb itself. However, there are special cases in which the registration of the baby can be performed in the registry offices located in other settlements. This is the birth of a child in a vehicle (train, car, plane, ship). In this situation, you can register it in the nearest village. In addition, if the child was born in a remote area in which there are no civil registry offices, the record can also be carried out in the state authority closest to the place of birth.
In what terms should a record be made about the appearance of a baby
Legislatively established the period of registration of a child after birth, it is 30 calendar days. If after one year the parents did not report his appearance, the procedure for the registry office will be slightly changed. Instead of entering a birth record in the current book of records of acts, the procedure for restoring the record will be carried out. In this case, the operation of restoring the record can not be made by village and rural divisions of the registry offices. Parents or persons authorized to register a birth will have to apply to the city and district offices.
The order of giving the child a surname, a name and a patronymic
Surname. With an infant born to mom and dad, who are officially married, everything is clear. If the spouses have officially registered their relationship, but their surnames are different, the crumb, under the agreement reached between them, can be given the surname of one of them. However, if the parents could not decide, the name of the child will be given to the authorized guardianship bodies.
Name. Parents, by mutual consent, give their children a name. How will the child register in the registry office, if my mother and father can not agree? The decision on which name to assign to the baby will be taken by the guardianship authorities.
Middle name. Usually assigned by father's name. However, based on national traditions, this generally accepted rule can be changed. In the absence of a certificate of marriage, as well as another document confirming the presence of a daddy's crumbs, the registration of the child in the registry office is made by a single parent, the mother's name is assigned to the baby, she also chooses his name by himself. Patronymic is given to him by the name of his father, indicated by a woman in a certain box. If the mother put dashes, it is prescribed at her request.
The procedure for making an entry if by the time the crumbs were born, the parents' marriage was declared invalid
In case the spouses are divorced by the time of birth, they can register the child in the registry office in the general order. The documents are the same as for married couples. Information about the father in the birth certificate column and the child's patronymic remain unchanged. If the marriage of the parents is declared invalid, then within 10 months after that the given column will be entered information about the former husband of the woman.
Making an entry about a toddler born to foreign citizens in Russia
How to register a child in a registry office if he was born with parents who are not Russians or are recognized as persons without certain citizenship? The birth record is made on a general basis. Except when the child is registered by both parents who provide for the registration of a passport.
The very first documents that the baby will receive are made out in the hospital. At discharge from parents on the hands should be the following:
- Sheet 2 from the exchange card, which is available at the woman in childbirth. He is filled by a doctor who helped the baby to come into the world. This document contains information about the health of the mother, about how the delivery took place, the subsequent treatment, if any. The exchange card should be given to the gynecologist of the women's consultation, who observed the condition of the pregnant woman.
- Sheet 3 from the mother's exchange card - filled in by the pediatrician and contains information about the newborn baby. It noted the possible features of childbirth, which could affect the child, and information about the baby - the dynamics of weight and height, vaccinations made in the hospital, the way of feeding. This document should be given to the children's polyclinic to which the newborn is attached, to the district pediatrician, and he will present the first pages of the child's medical record. Based on the information mentioned in it, the child's doctor will make the first impression of the child's health.
- Do not forget about such a document, as a generic certificate, or rather, ticket number 3 of it. But parents do not care about the form itself, but about the applications that it contains. The first part (called "coupon No. 3-12) is needed in order to pay for services to medical institutions during the first six months of the baby's follow-up. The second annex (No. 3-2) is necessary in order to cover expenses for the second half of the year.
- An important document is a certificate, which indicates the date and time of the appearance of the baby, its sex. It is necessary for happy parents to make a birth certificate. Also, according to this information in Sobes receive benefits. This document is only valid for one month, so parents should hurry with the appeal to the appropriate authorities.
In our time not all future mothers go to give birth in medical institutions, many prefer home births. In this case, the certificate is issued by the organization whose doctor helped the woman, or where she applied after.
The most serious and necessary document that the baby will receive is the one issued in the registry office. He officially confirms the appearance of a new person, contains his surname, name, patronymic and the names of the pope and mother. The birth certificate is not just a certificate issued in the maternity hospital, it is carried out on stamped paper, contains a unique series and number. All data relating to the child is entered on the form by the civil registry office, after which the document is certified with a seal.
At the same time, the entry will be recorded in the Civil Status Record Book. What are the terms of registration of a newborn child? The legislation set a fixed period of one month. But the circumstances are different, and the possibility of registering a child before the onset of his adulthood is allowed.
When applying to a registry office, parents should have a document, mentioned above - a medical certificate of birth issued in the hospital. If the certificate is lost and the baby is not yet one year old, they can write an application to a medical institution where they will be issued a new form marked with the inscription "Duplicate", with which the child will be registered after birth. If the baby is already a year old and the lost information has not been restored, it will be much harder to get the document: it will be necessary to go to court, where they will establish the fact of appearance of crumbs into the light.
In which registry office to register a child - parents decide. Perhaps it will be an institution close to the birthplace of the crumbs, or maybe to the area where his mother or father lives. If the baby was born in another state, then for his registration it is necessary to apply to the Russian consulate. In this situation, more documents and time are needed.
How to register a child in the registry office, if the parents can not appear on their own? This can be done by their authorized representative. But this requires a document certified by a notary, confirming that the parents give this person permission to perform legal actions.
When registering a newborn in the registry office, the following documents are needed:
- certificate from the hospital;
- Passport (or residence permit) of parents;
- a document confirming the officiality of marriage.
In addition, the registration of a newborn in the registry office will require the completion of the application form.
If the father and mother of the child are in an official marriage, then any of them can apply for the document. Information about the mother is recorded in the form from the birth certificate, about the father - from the document on the registered union. What name to give the baby - parents decide, which should come to an agreement on this important issue, the surname is entered in the certificate is the same as they do. If cohabitants have not formalized their marriage, the registration of a newborn in the registry office will require their joint presence. In cases where the pope is unknown, the name of the baby is given by the mother, the surname is entered in the mother's, the patronymic is indicated on the basis of information about the father recorded in the birth certificate. If such information is not available, or the mother does not want it, the line in the certificate containing information about it will remain blank.
In order to register a child in the registry office without any problems and delays, documents and their copies must be prepared in advance. Having come to the state body, one should not forget about another important matter - to take a certificate of birth of the form number 25, which is necessary in order to receive benefits.
An important and necessary step is the registration of the child after birth at the address indicated in the passport of citizens or the actual residence of the parents. For this it is necessary to apply to the passport office. Registration in our country was canceled, new concepts came to replace it: temporary registration (conducted at the place of residence of a person) and a permanent one, at the place of residence. Before the child reached the age of 14 years earlier, it was allowed not to do so. He was automatically considered to be registered at the place of residence of his mother. At the moment registration of children (newborns) is necessary immediately. As follows from the housing legislation, one of the parents entered into the certificate can register their child at the place of residence or stay, even if he is not the owner of this premise.
You should remember the following: according to the document regulating the rules associated with this account, to register your son or daughter, you do not need to ask permission of other family members for this. You can do this in the passport office located at your place of residence.
What kind of documents will be needed to register a child?
- Statement of one of the spouses.
- A document from another parent, that he has no objection to the registration of the child.
- Extracts from the home book and from the personal account of both spouses (they should be taken in advance at the EIRTS or the passport office).
- A certificate from the second spouse certifying that the child has not yet been registered at his place of residence (it should be addressed to the RGU or passport holders).
- Birth certificate of the baby.
- Passports of parents with photocopies.
- If the marriage is official, then it will have to be confirmed.
Registration of a small man is more troublesome procedure than registering a child in a registry office, documents (excluding passports) for it must be assured from the head of the housing office. As a rule, the procedure can last up to one week, as a result of which a stamp is stamped on the birth certificate, where his residence permit is indicated. The process of registering a child at the place of residence (or stay) is free of charge. If the parents for some reason could not do this, then there is a risk of receiving a warning or administrative punishment, such as a fine of up to 1 minimum wage (SMIC). If the owners of the apartment, who are rented by the spouses, are guilty of the fact that the child is not registered, the landlord can expect an unpleasant surprise in the form of a fine up to 3 times the minimum wage. In the event that the refusal is not justified, and the crumb has Russian citizenship, then it can be prescribed to the court. And already after the certificate of the child has a stamp confirming the registration, it is necessary to take a certificate from the housing office for receiving benefits. Then apply for payments.
How to register a child after birth in the CHI system
Compulsory health insurance policies for babies are obtained at special points of delivery, often located in polyclinics. The first six months of a child's life, medical care can be provided to him even in the absence of a policy. Depending on how the newborn is registered - at the place of stay or at the place of residence - and the policy will be issued corresponding: temporary (in the first case) or permanent (if has an unlimited residence permit). What is their difference?
The temporary policy is renewed automatically when the registration term is extended. After contacting the polyclinic for him, the parents receive the application confirmation sheet first. Then they will be informed that the medical insurance policy for the baby is ready, and they will receive a plastic card.
To crumbs issued such a document, you need to prepare:
- Birth certificate of the baby;
- Passport (or residence permit) of the parent in whose residence the policy issuing point is located.
In the Russian Federation there is a system of compulsory insurance, according to which a child can rely on the help of doctors in any of the polyclinics of the district, regardless of the place of registration. But in order to get baby food and free medicines, it is necessary to take a ticket of detachment from the pediatrician at the place of propiska.
After the registration of the child in the registry office is completed, the documents must be submitted to the passport office.
Although citizenship is not a mandatory stamp, but in the case of traveling outside the country with a baby, the lack of such will bring a number of problems. If you will receive benefits, it is necessary in this case. When registering citizenship, it is worth to visit the passport and visa service, having a birth certificate, parents' passports, a document confirming the registered marriage, and an extract from the home book.
The existence of such a document is necessary from the moment of birth. This pension insurance card is also needed for servicing in a polyclinic. To obtain the SNILS, you need to contact the branch of the PF with the appropriate application. The registration of the child after birth in the pension fund occurs within 2 weeks.
Certificate of paternity
Perhaps, it is necessary to issue one more document. If the parents of the child have not registered their marriage, but live together, it will be necessary to obtain a certificate of paternity. Even in cases when the civil spouses decided to legalize their relationship after the child was born, this document still has to be done. A single mother needs to take a certificate of the established form, in order to receive further benefits.
How to register in a pre-school
In order to be registered, you do not need to have a child's registration. It is necessary to come with a passport and a birth certificate for the baby, to the education department at the place of residence. In the case of a residence permit in another city and the actual residence in a rented apartment, a certificate of residence must be found at the address, as well as a document from the polyclinic stating that the baby is being inspected in the area of the given district. It's worth hurrying to take the turn, since two or three days of hitching will cost the year waiting for the queue at the kindergarten.
That's the whole list of documents that are needed for a newborn baby. Now he has a status, rights and responsibilities. And parents should help the child develop, be healthy and become a real citizen of their country.