Fifth week of pregnancy: what happens to the fetus and what the woman feels
Pregnancy and expectation of the birth of a child is the most beautiful and exciting part of life. Today we will only consider its very beginning, when the expectant mother is often only beginning to guess about the coming changes in her life. So, the focus of our attention today is the fifth week of pregnancy. What happens at this time in the body of a woman, how a new life is born - that is what every mother is interested in. Therefore, we will try to reveal the secret and tell you about all the metamorphoses that are inherent in this period. It is very important that a woman as soon as possible realize her position and responsibility for the health of the child, this will optimize the diet and daily routine, as well as reduce the impact of various factors on the baby.
Confirm the diagnosis
Very often at this time the woman begins to pay attention to the characteristic signs of pregnancy, namely, the delay of the menstrual cycle. If the fertilization of the egg occurred in the first days of the cycle, then just at this time you can see a clear two strips on the express test. Thus the gynecologist on usual survey can yet and not suspect any changes or to assume other their nature. Most surely the answer will be ultrasonography, and all later, that the embryo is still very small, because only the fifth week of pregnancy is going. What happens to a tiny blastocyst, which recently infiltrated the uterus of the uterus, we will consider in sufficient detail, so that you have a full impression.
The size of the embryo
It's already a multicellular organism, but still quite a tiny size. Of course, he is not at all like a little man, rather a little tadpole. However, it could easily be seen with the naked eye, since it already reaches 2 mm in length. This tiny creature for the first nine months should reach 50 cm in length and gain 3-3.5 kg of weight. That is, there is a lot of work to be done. More than ever, for the entire life path of a person, development will not go so intensively. However, back to basics, the fifth week of pregnancy is coming. What happens at this time, before was very interested in doctors. Only relatively recently, modern equipment allowed to produce quality monitoring of development at each stage. In the process it was found that it was at this time that the heart began to beat. It's hard to believe, it's only the fifth week of pregnancy. What's going on? The development of all internal organs is activated, soon they will all be included in the work. Surprisingly, a barely visible creature has already drawn features. There are nostrils and parts of the eyes that are sensitive to sunlight.
Term embryonic and obstetrical
Surely many young mothers do not fully understand what the fifth obstetric pregnancy week means. What happens at this time with you and a crumb, we'll talk a little lower, but for now let's deal with terms. The obstetric month is four weeks. That is, your deadline is a month and a week or a month and a quarter. In this case, the age of the fetus itself is considered somewhat different. We have already said that the first two weeks are spent for the fertilized egg to descend into the uterine cavity and implanted. That is why it can not be said that the fifth embryonic week of pregnancy is now taking place. What happens at this stage, we have already described a little, and all this corresponds to three weeks, which are the real age of the baby.
Time for a change
Indeed, pregnancy is an amazing period. A future mother may not even know, but within her, life is developing at a rapid pace. It is very important to know how the fifth week of pregnancy is going on, what is happening now with the fetus. First of all, it is necessary to note the active formation of specialized bodies that are responsible for its life support. Capillaries grow into the villi of the chorion, and now the embryo begins to feed directly through the bloodstream. Blood will be the link and vehicle for the transfer of all necessary for the life of the fetus.
Formation of the primary placenta
This body is extremely important, since it protects the child's body from harmful effects. It is fully formed by the beginning of the second trimester, but very few people know that the placental circulation is already forming. Another important milestone in development is the 5th week of pregnancy. What's going on, let's talk in more detail. Now this body begins to perform its functions, that is, to provide respiration and nutrition, to utilize the secretions and regulate the blood circulation of the fetus. In addition, this important body produces hormones and suppresses the mother's immunity against a genetically alien organism - a future child. However, we can not say that the child is fully protected. Functions of the placenta are only nascent, it will take another two months before it fully engages in the work. In the meantime, there is only 5 weeks of pregnancy. What happens to your baby will be monitored by your doctor, and you need to take care of your lifestyle and diet.
We continue our excursion into the unknown
Until now, the embryo was a two-layer disc. Now there is a strip that divides it and two equal halves. This axis of symmetry, which is typical for all of us. It is possible to determine the abdominal and dorsal surface of the embryo, the region of the head and future lower limbs.
Now comes the time for the formation of new organs, the embryo becomes three-layered. This period is also significant in that the formation of an axial cartilaginous skeleton begins. These are the future intervertebral disks. At the same time, the inner cell sheet folds and forms an intestinal tube. While he is not yet ready to perform his functions, he is actively developing. What else is famous for the 5th week of pregnancy? What happens to the fetus? The nervous system begins to form, which is a very important moment in the development of your crumbs. On both sides of this tube, somites are formed, the basis for the development of the skin and muscles, bones. That is, only at first glance the embryo at this time looks like a tiny transparent lump. In fact, this is already a complex organism, which will become more autonomous every day.
The order of formation of internal organs
The very first is formed by the nervous system. This is an important point, therefore, preparing for conception, you need to know what happens during the fifth week of pregnancy. The fact is that it is at this time that the fetus is in need of folic acid. Its deficiency can lead to serious deviations in the development of the nervous system, and therefore, will affect the entire life of the unborn child. First of all, the nervous system forms a small groove, and then it closes. This is the basis of all the bases from which the brain is formed, not only the dorsal, but also the head. It is not necessary to explain how important their proper development is. Therefore, the future mother should be calm, not putting crumbs at risk. And since the time when the decision is made to preserve the fetus, and is the fifth week of pregnancy, what happens to the fetus should worry the woman in the first place. Let this not be proved, but the thought of having an abortion will not exactly benefit the future child, because he feels the state of his mother.
Finally, almost simultaneously, in the third week of development of the baby, or on the fifth obstetric week of pregnancy, the heart and sex glands of the future crumb begin to develop. About a week later, the rudiments of all other organs are connected to this. It is difficult to determine the sequence, but it is usually said that the liver and kidneys first appear, and then the remaining digestive organs and lungs. Talking about what is happening in the fifth obstetric week of pregnancy, you need to elaborate on the development of sexual identity. The testes are developing right now. And if this happens, then testosterone begins to be produced in them. If this does not happen, then the fetus continues to develop as a female organism.
Importance of the first trimester
As you can see, this is the time when absolutely all vital organs are laid. This means that at the moment when your child does not reach a half centimeter in length, a foundation is formed that will determine the quality of life of the future person. The period of organogenesis can easily be disturbed by harmful external influences. That's why a woman should carefully monitor herself. A careful attitude to the slightest changes in your body will allow you to diagnose your condition even before the doctor signs the term of 4-5 weeks of pregnancy. What happens to the mother's body? About this, we also now talk in more detail. But most importantly, you need to protect yourself from colds and viral diseases, give up medicines, smoking and alcohol. All this can have a teratogenic effect on the fetus and cause numerous malformations.
How can a woman diagnose a pregnancy?
If there are still indirect or indirect signs of it, then from this moment an interesting situation can be confirmed by laboratory analyzes and clinical studies. The fifth week is characterized by the appearance of reliable signs of pregnancy. And the most important, from which we usually start, is the lack of regular menstruation. If conception occurred at the very beginning of the cycle, then the time when the next menstruation does not come (or its absence ceases to be perceived, as usual delay), it will be just the fifth week of pregnancy. What happens (the photo of the embryo at this stage is still too early to do), the district gynecologist will tell you, who will conduct the examination and send it to the first ultrasound to exclude the ectopic pregnancy.
You can use your pregnancy test for your own comfort. It should be noted that there are practically no false positive results, the specific hormone that they reveal appears only as a result of the life of the embryo. But false-negative results are quite possible if a hormonal failure occurs in a woman's body or pregnancy develops with disorders.
What does the future mother feel now?
Who has already passed this stage, he knows how much joy and anxiety he brings. Even the most coveted pregnancy is stress. A woman is overcome by a thousand thoughts: what will be her baby, how will the child go, whether she will be able to properly educate him. However, now you need to calm down and focus on one thing: you must endure a healthy baby. The most difficult period begins - it marks the fifth week of pregnancy. What happens to the fetus and what the woman feels is a huge amount of literature can always be found about this. The emotional state begins to change, the pregnant woman becomes irritable, emotionally unstable and tearful. She is worried about weakness and lethargy. Sometimes there is a headache and insomnia.
Gustatory predilections begin to change. This manifests itself in increased appetite or total absence, intolerance of some products. Very often it is at this time develops a toxicosis. In the morning, nausea and vomiting worry. More clearly becomes engorgement of the mammary glands. The breast becomes more severe, painful, considerably increases in size. Now a very difficult moment, because the body is preparing for another menstruation. A woman often feels heaviness in the lower abdomen or even pain.
Eating a pregnant woman
Surely you heard about the fact that the future mother needs to eat for two. Actually, this is wrong. Now comes the fifth week of pregnancy from conception. What happens to the fetus, we have already described, such active development requires a full set of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. You do not need to eat more of the same type of food, and maximize your diet. This should be meat and fish, fermented milk products, cereals and legumes, vegetables and fruits. Magnesium and iodine in large quantities are in sea cabbage and bananas. Vitamin E - in unrefined sunflower oil. Ascorbic acid is also important for a future mother, but it can easily be obtained from a large number of products (lemons, other citrus fruits, etc.). But vitamin-mineral complexes are prescribed and canceled by the attending physician-gynecologist or therapist. Do not make your own appointments yourself.
Allocations and intimacy
To begin with, if a woman feels well, then pregnancy is not the reason to deny yourself a sexual intimacy. Focus on your own feelings. If intimacy causes pain or discomfort, then you should experiment with the positions and consult a doctor to exclude the pathology of pregnancy. It is possible that the toxicosis at the time will bring to naught the intimate life, but this moment must just be experienced. Many doctors agree that regular sexual life throughout pregnancy promotes easier childbirth, as well as strengthening of relations of spouses.
The vaginal discharge normally remains light-white, and the expected menstruation does not begin. However, if the stomach begins to ache and smearing, spotting appear - this indicates a threat of miscarriage. If there was profuse bleeding - this is a sure sign of abortion. Call the ambulance immediately, it can not be about saving the fetus, but about your life. There are other options for the development of events. You can observe purulent, mucous or bubbling discharge. This is nothing but signs of infection of the genitals. Necessarily it is necessary to address to the doctor and pass necessary inspection, and then and treatment.