Signs of pneumonia in a child 2 years old with and without temperature
Inflammation of the lungs is a serious and complex disease that affects not only adults, but also children of any age. It can be of different stages of development, but it is almost always easily diagnosed and treatable without posing a threat to human life. Although, unfortunately, there are also lethal cases. This is due to untimely application for qualified medical care. And if an adult can freely describe his state of health, the first signs of pneumonia in children should be able to identify each parent. This will help to protect the child from serious consequences of the disease.
What causes the disease?
In most cases, the cause of pneumonia can be the presence of such viruses in the body:
Note that special attention to the condition of the baby should be turned to parents in the event of prolonged treatment for colds, since it is at this time that signs of pneumonia in a child 2 years old and younger may appear.
Various bacteria, such as hemophilia, chlamydia, streptococci, fungi and parasites, can also cause inflammation. Depending on the pathogen caused by pneumonia and which part of the body is affected, the disease has its own classification.
Types of pneumonia
At the moment, doctors share pneumonia on these types:
In addition, pneumonia can be one-sided and two-sided. Depending on this, the complexity and duration of the disease is different. Accordingly, different combinations of drugs are used for treatment.
Classification of the disease by source of infection
Exactly defined signs of pneumonia in a 2-year-old child, as well as in an adult patient, allow a timely and accurate identification of the source of infection. In modern medicine it is believed that it can be as follows:
- atypical, which is caused by a fairly rare bacteria (chlamydia, mycoplasmas, etc.), getting into the body by airborne droplets or with food;
- community-acquired - the most common form of the disease, transmitted through the virus;
- aspiration - occurs as a result of ingress of foreign bodies, food or liquid into the respiratory tract;
- hospital - infection occurs in the hospital during the treatment of other diseases.
There is also inflammation of the lungs that has arisen as a result of surgical interventions. But these are quite rare cases of pathology.
Factors contributing to the onset of the disease in children
Not all parents can immediately recognize the signs of pneumonia in a child 2 years and younger. It is for this reason that it is necessary to know the factors of its occurrence. They include the following:
- problems of opening the lungs in children after childbirth;
- oxygen starvation of a child during pregnancy or at the time of delivery;
- transfer of bacteria and viruses from mother to child;
- heart disease;
- anemia or lag in the development of the baby;
- hereditary diseases;
- digestive disorders;
- complications during childbirth;
- weakened immunity.
As a result of these factors, pneumonia in children is formed, the symptoms and signs of which all parents should know.
Diagnosis of the disease
An experienced pediatrician or therapist can accurately identify pneumonia. For this there is a special technique. It consists of tapping the back wall of the chest in the area of the lungs. In addition, pneumonia can be determined by listening to a phonendoscope. But in this case it is quite easy to make a mistake, since not every kind of this pathology is accompanied by wheezing.
The patient needs to take blood and urine tests. This will determine the presence of inflammation in the body. It will not be superfluous to do an x-ray or ultrasound.
Types of disease
As the parents describe the signs of pneumonia in a 2-year-old Komarovsky child, they may differ depending on the type of disease, as well as its development. By the way, it should be borne in mind that in children pneumonia develops rather quickly, and here it is impossible to do without the help of a doctor. So, we can distinguish the following types of pneumonia:
Determine exactly the type of disease can only be after the delivery of certain tests.
Fungal Inflammation of the Lung
Infection of the child occurs by inhalation of fungi streptotrichosis and many others. This can be promoted by mold on surfaces in a room where the toddler is constantly standing, rotten boards or high humidity in the rooms.
The first signs of pneumonia in a child (2 years and younger) of this type will be as follows:
- elevated body temperature, which is not knocked down with simple medicines;
- coughing (lingering, sometimes barking);
- aches in muscles and joints;
Pay special attention to the room in which the child is constantly. It must be clean, with an optimum temperature regime and without high humidity.
Radical inflammation of the lungs
The disease is formed on the root of the lung and is difficult to diagnose. Doctors in this case prescribe an X-ray. Signs of pneumonia in a child of 2 years of this species will be as follows:
- increased level of leukocytes in the blood;
- cough, which can be accompanied by sputum discharge;
- elevated body temperature, sometimes up to 40 degrees.
To protect the child from the consequences of improper treatment, the doctor recommends that you initially give a general blood test.
Viral inflammation of the lungs
The most common form of the disease. The first signs of pneumonia in a child (2 years) of this subspecies will be as follows:
- general malaise;
- vomiting and nausea;
- dry and wet cough;
- excretion of pus with phlegm.
The child can catch them in kindergarten, school and other public places. Do not self-medicate and give your child antiviral drugs. You should see a doctor right away.
The most difficult for diagnosing and dangerous for children is latent pneumonia. It practically does not manifest itself in any way. Although doctors point to visible signs of latent pneumonia in a child, which include the following:
- shortness of breath - even in a sitting position the baby is breathing faster;
- shortness of breath, sometimes wheezing;
- unhealthy blush, sometimes spotted;
- rapid pulse;
- a feeling of thirst that does not pass;
- weakness of the body - the child wants to sleep, lie down;
- painful sensations when turning the body in the area of the location of the lungs.
If the disease is not diagnosed in time, it will go to a chronic stage, which will cause complications in the work of the entire child's organism. It is for this reason that it is necessary to pay attention to the above-described signs of pneumonia in a child without temperature.
This type of illness is classified as pneumococcal pneumonia. During the development of this pathology affects only part of the lung, but this does not mean that the disease is not harmful to children.
In this case, signs of a child's pneumonia show up at a temperature that rises to 40 degrees. Also, shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling, headache, weakness, upset stomach, chills. Parents should immediately consult a doctor.
Some types of pneumonia may not manifest, which is very dangerous for the health of the child. Parents also need to know what signs of pneumonia a child may have in order to promptly consult a doctor:
- if the child is ill more than 2-3 days, and improvement of his physical condition as a result of treatment is not visible;
- the body temperature lasts for three days and does not get lost by drugs;
- there is a dry cough that causes vomiting or cough with hard-to-recover sputum;
- lack of mobility and sweating of the child even with minor loads.
Therefore, if the condition of the baby causes anxiety to protect it, it is better to call the doctor right away. He will prescribe appropriate tests and determine the treatment.
How to treat the disease
To date, not all children diagnosed with "pneumonia" are hospitalized. They can be left to be treated at home, but this is only at an early stage in the development of the disease.
First of all, the doctor prescribes symptomatic medications. They include antipyretic. It is not necessary to get involved with them, since each drug has contraindications, a certain regimen of taking and dosage for different ages.
Remember, if the child's body temperature does not go down as a result of taking antipyretics, you need to call an ambulance.
Also, mucolytic drugs are prescribed, which dilute and excrete sputum. With their choice, you need to be extremely careful, since expectorants will provoke sputum and, as a consequence, the child will be more coughing. Suppress coughing is also not worth it, as the sputum will not come out, and a new focus of inflammation can form.
In addition, antibiotics or antifungal drugs are taken. They can be of a different spectrum of action. The doctor appoints them after the appropriate examination. It is necessary to be vigilant, since some antibiotics can cause allergic reactions, which are accompanied by fever, vomiting. They can be overlooked against the background of symptoms of pneumonia. Therefore, the choice of medicines must be entrusted to the doctor. The doctor knows what pneumonia can be in children, signs, and treatment in each of the cases should be prescribed only by him.
If the child coughs, his throat will be irritated. It can begin to ache. To prevent this from happening, you need to take medications that will relieve the inflammation of the laryngeal mucosa. Do not forget about vitamins, which will help the baby's organism to conquer the disease faster and restore immunity.
To date, there are a huge number of medications that can be used to treat pneumonia. Despite this, traditional medicine in the fight against pneumonia also plays an important role.
Good help from cough herbal infusions and decoctions. For their preparation use mother-and-stepmother, melissu, propolis and many other herbs. It is not superfluous to give the child walnuts, which are not only rich in vitamins, but also excrete sputum. Honey can only be consumed in the daytime, as it provokes a cough. Do not forget about jams of raspberries and currants - they enhance the properties of immunity.
In addition, it helps in the treatment of the disease:
- special breathing exercises;
- mustard wraps, if there is no allergic reaction;
- ultraviolet irradiation.
But all this can be done after consulting a doctor, so as not to cause complications.
Prevention of pneumonia
First of all, future parents should follow their way of life. Modern youth smoke a lot and often drinks, and such influences on the body negatively affect genes. To the child during pregnancy toxins, fungi and other pathogenic bacteria are transmitted. While he is in the womb of his mother - he is under protection. But as soon as he starts an independent life, all these factors can adversely affect its development.
It is necessary to monitor the physical condition of children. In the morning you can do gymnastics. Mandatory walks with children in the fresh air.
By the way, doctors do not recommend restraining the activity of the child, so that mucus does not accumulate in the airways. But this is only in healthy children, it is better for the sick to ensure a calm regime.
An important role in the prevention of the disease is nutrition. The child should receive the following:
- carbohydrates - bread, cereals, vegetables;
- proteins - meat, fish;
You need to drink berry fruit and juice. The latter should not be carried away, since many of them cause allergic reactions. In addition, you need to eat citrus (oranges, tangerines, etc.), they are rich in vitamin C, which is indispensable in creating strong immunity. Be healthy!