Feeding for breastfeeding
With all the advantages of breast milk and its benefits to a growing body, there is a shortage - the absence in its composition of vegetable protein and fiber, necessary for the full growth and physical development of the child. In this regard, there is a need to introduce complementary feeding with breastfeeding, when the baby reaches a certain age.
Introduction of complementary foods
The international health system annually develops new programs for the correct introduction of complementary foods, wishing thereby to find the most optimal balance of products necessary for the proper growth of the child's body. Pediatricians insist that even after the introduction of new products, women's milk should be left as the main food for children. There are no such useful substances, immunoglobulins, as in human milk, in any product. Therefore, to continue strengthening immunity, young mothers should pay special attention to breastfeeding.
All products that the child will consume should not contain salt, especially vegetable purees. It is also necessary to heat them
Basic rules for the introduction of new products
Healthy children are able for six months to move from a single product (women's milk) to a wide range of home meals. Thus, by the first year of life the child can already eat from an adult table.
On the other hand, young mothers who give their children only female milk after six months of age, risk their children's health. The consequence of such an improper diet is a violation of the physical development of children due to the limitation of nutrients and minerals. In children, whose diet is based only on breastfeeding, after 8 months, the swallowing reflex of solid food is not produced, which in the future hinders the proper development of the digestive system. Without the necessary amount of iron, children develop anemia.
The introduction of new products should occur in the cool season, because in hot weather food poisoning and indigestion of new food are possible. After each feeding with a new product, it is advisable to give the baby a drink of it with human milk. So the baby will be easier to adapt to the new rules of nutrition.
Therefore, the introduction of complementary foods should take a leading place and attract special attention to young mothers.
When to introduce the first complementary food?
Depending on the type of feeding of the baby, pediatricians call different terms for the introduction of complementary foods. The first lure for artificial feeding is advised to inject newborns when they reach the age of four months. By this time the child has already formed a digestive system, ready to take more complex food than the mixture.
Another criterion for the earlier introduction of additional food is the lack of all the necessary vitamins and minerals in children's mixtures.
The first lure during breastfeeding is advised not to give before the baby turns 6 months old. One of the reasons for this is the possibility of developing atopic dermatitis, therefore, in addition to mother's milk, there is no need to give other products.
Below are some of the dangers of early feeding:
- After the introduction of additional products, the production of breast milk from a woman may be reduced or ceased altogether.
- The digestive system of the child, because of its immaturity, is exposed to the risk of contamination with pathogens contained in products or liquids.
- The risk of food allergy increases.
- Immaturity of the digestive tract can lead to a violation of digestion of adult food and malnutrition.
Problems arising from later introduction of complementary foods:
- The lack of energy and nutrients can lead to a slowdown in growth, child development and malnutrition.
- Breast milk does not replace iron and zinc, therefore, their deficit is possible.
- Insufficient development of chewing habits, taste of food.
Thus, to start lactating with breastfeeding is necessary on time.
Digestion of children during the period of complementary feeding
In infants, the secretion of the digestive system is not developed as in adults. Nature originally intended to digest only women's milk, which contains such substances that contribute to the proper digestion of food and prepare the body for the child to take adult food. Breaking this process with an earlier or late introduction of complementary foods, you can disrupt the proper functioning of the digestive system.
By the age of six months of the child, his stomach system is already sufficiently prepared for the adoption of dietary fiber, starch, proteins and fats from the products of the family table.
Some foods contain a low energy density, and the volume of the baby's stomach can take no more than 30 ml per kilogram of body, that is, getting enough low-calorie food, the child does not satisfy its energy needs. Thus, when choosing products, mothers need to consider what energy density and the content of micronutrients is in a particular product.
How to choose the first product
When a child breastfeeding turns 6 months old, her mother starts to think about which product to introduce first. Pediatricians are advised to start feeding a child with vegetable puree.
In the recent past, pediatricians recommended the first dish to choose fruit puree. However, now most pediatricians criticize this product. The reason for this was research that revealed a high risk and frequency of cases when the tender infant gastric mucosa was irritated by the juice contained in fruit purees. Also, many babies then refuse from more sugary foods to taste.
Sour-milk products have also been gaining popularity recently among the options introduced first. However, due to the presence of various proteins in them, many babies react to them with allergy or indigestion.
Manna porridge, so popular in the past, is increasingly receding into the background in the list of complementary foods. Earlier with its help young mothers easily solved the problem of underweight children due to its low cost and availability. However, at the present time, it is almost not prepared for children because of the presence of gluten in its composition, which can cause allergy in the child.
Stopping at a particular product, Mom should carefully monitor how the child reacts to new food.
How to cook lure
When the time came for introducing complementary foods, moms ask themselves: do they buy ready-made industrial products or cook at home at home? Most tend to the second option.
When the mother prepares on her own, she sees the quality of the products, the food immediately becomes ready for consumption, does not contain preservatives and other additives. Although the Ministry of Health is always closely monitoring the quality of children's products, but in life there are different situations.
Depending on what the first lure for breastfeeding decided to enter the mother, below are considered simple ways to prepare them.
When preparing vegetable puree, you must first boil one or more vegetables a small amount of time (so that all useful properties are not lost). Then you need to use a blender to crush everything to a homogenized state, that is, mashed potatoes.
Kefirchik can be made from sour milk. Curd is easily made from ready-made yogurt.
Kasha better boil buckwheat or oatmeal. It is desirable to cook it on water, without adding milk. After the croup has boiled, it will be necessary to crush it with a blender to a homogeneous mass.
Vegetable puree as first food
The easiest to introduce the first complementary foods and digest the children's body are vegetables. Of all the vegetables, the pumpkin or zucchini are optimal for the baby. They have all the useful properties found in many vegetable crops, as well as low allergenic. Some mothers start giving vegetables to their children in 5 months. Only it is necessary to observe the skin of the baby, and also give no more than one teaspoon on the first day. Every day, you need to add on a spoon, gradually bringing the volume to 100 grams per day.
Vegetable puree is the source of most of the necessary vitamins and minerals needed in such a critical period for the child - a period of rapid development. Eating the necessary daily norm of vegetables, the child along with them strengthens their immunity, receives a charge of energy for full physical and mental development.
Kasha - the first lure
The first lure of porridge is allowed to try to give the child also after six months. First, you need to decide which cereal to choose a child: home cooking or industrial. Pediatricians agree that it is better to give the first lure of factory-produced porridge, as they are prepared according to technologies that preserve the optimal balance of useful nutritional elements and vitamins. Before you take your favorite porridge from the store counter, you should carefully read the contents of the package. It should not contain preservatives, sugar, vanillin and food additives from category E. Also, you should pay attention to the period from which you can start to introduce it into the feeding of a child.
It is very convenient to cook such cereals. It is enough to dilute a small amount of porridge in a child's mixture, if the child is introduced the first complementary feeding with artificial feeding. A baby eating a mother's milk prepares an additional dish in the same way, with only a few corrections for natural feeding. That is, the cat is divorced in human milk, if this is the first lure in breastfeeding. Next, you should immediately feed the child to the porridge received and do not store it for more than half an hour. In the event that the child does not eat cooked food, it is necessary to prepare a new lure of porridge next time.
It is useful to give fruit porridge together with porridges. You can give half a teaspoon of fruit puree for one teaspoon of porridge. However, it is better to combine them already when the mother is convinced that the child does not have any allergies from any product.
Table of products and terms for the first complementary foods
In order to make it easier for young mothers to be guided in terms of the introduction of new food and its composition, a special supplementary table was developed. Recommendations for the introduction of various products are common, therefore, before completely following its contents, it is necessary to consult your child's doctor.
It is important to remember that during the entire period when lure is introduced, the baby should, as before, be left on priority feeding with human milk. Next, we turn to the lure, which is set out in the table below.
Feeding table for children
The amount in the table is indicated in grams, except for the chicken yolk.
Entering the correct complementary feeding, it is necessary to consider the following:
- butter (both creamy and vegetable) is added directly to cooked food;
- it is desirable to give fish one or two times a week, since it can cause allergy in the child;
- juices should be diluted with water, especially for freshly squeezed home-made juices; if there is no possibility to prepare the juice yourself, then it can be purchased at the store, where it is presented in a wide range.
Deciding to give lure at 5 months, moms can also use this table. However, it is necessary to closely monitor the reaction of the baby, it is possible that some products, such as chicken yolk, should be postponed to a later date.
Conclusions and recommendations
When the mother says to her baby: "We go to the lure!" - this should not mean that she will give him a try to eat a little adult food, and then again from time to feed him with new products. It is important for young mothers to remember that lure should be given systematically, so as not to harm the baby's digestive system. To step back is possible only in those cases when the baby reacts too negatively to new products: either by allergy or by vomiting altogether. In such a situation, you should consult your pediatrician as soon as possible.
Entering a lure in the form of porridge, it is impossible to start at the same time a vegetable menu. Otherwise, in case of an allergy, it will be impossible to determine which product is not suitable for the child. Gradually introducing the lure by months, the mother prepares the child's body for digesting adult food, while doing all this in stages, studying the taste preferences of his child and limiting it in products that are not yet suitable for him in this period.
Having become acquainted with how to prepare lure on your own, you can see that this is nothing complicated, and it's very easy to move to a new stage of growing a baby. The main thing is to have a clear sequence of actions and a careful attitude of the mother to the well-being of the child.
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