Causes of diarrhea in cats
Today we will tell you why there can be diarrhea in cats. Causes and treatment are two important topics that will be discussed in detail in the article. As you know, pets are susceptible to various diseases. For example, cats can overtake such a disease as diarrhea. Diarrhea can occur in cats for several reasons.
Causes of diarrhea in cats
First, improper diet can cause diarrhea. Secondly, overeating. Thirdly, intolerance of any products, or, in other words, an allergy. Fourth, mental disorder. Cats, as well as humans, may have an emotional experience, which will result in diarrhea.
What are the causes of diarrhea in cats? Diarrhea occurs due to poisoning, infections, worms and diseases associated with the intestines. The normal work of the gastrointestinal system in cats is as follows. After eating, the process of processing food takes 8 hours. In this case, the cat's body absorbs water and nutrients. Further in the colon there is an accumulation of metabolic products. After that, the processed foods come out of the intestine. In the normal state of health of the cat's body, the chair should be homogeneous, without blood and without pieces of undigested food.
What other causes of diarrhea in cats are known? Binge eating. In this case, the food does not have time to digest in the intestine, it moves too fast, and the liquid is not absorbed by the body. Thus, undigested food in the liquid state enters the rectum. Further, the exchange products are released in the liquid state. If the cause of diarrhea is that the cat is overeating, then the disorder will be a one-time. To avoid diarrhea, you must ensure that the cat does not overeat.
If you talk about the causes of diarrhea in cats, you need to remember about the wrong diet.
It is important to provide the pet with the right diet. Diarrhea can arise from eating them mice, rotting foods, falling, any sauces, fatty foods, certain plant species. A change of water can also cause diarrhea. It is better if the cat drinks the one to which her body is used. Frequent diarrhea occurs in kittens when switching from breastfeeding to a normal diet. It is better if this transition is gradual. In the event that it is not possible to combine breastfeeding of the kitten and the gradual introduction of the main diet, it is necessary to include liquid foods in the animal's menu. For example, small pets are recommended to give cow's milk diluted with water. You can also include in the food semolina porridge. In stores it is worth buying a special food for kittens. It is enriched with special microelements, which are necessary for the growth of the body.
Changing the habitual diet can lead to diarrhea also in adult cats. Especially often there is diarrhea in rare breeds.
Diarrhea from food intolerance
There is a definite list of products for which allergies occur in cats. First of all, in adults this reaction can be caused by milk. A feature of the cat's body is that there is no lactose enzyme. In addition to milk intolerance, there may be an allergy to beef, fish, eggs, corn, feed of certain producers. If it is noticed that the cat has a reaction to some products, then it is necessary to exclude them from food. It should be said that if you remove milk from the diet, it does not affect the health of the pet. At the same time, the use of fermented milk products is permitted. If the cat does not have a lactose enzyme, it will not carry the milk in its pure form. It does not affect the digestion of fermented milk products.
The emotional background of a cat is upset, usually from fear. The latter can arise from transporting a cat in a car or putting an animal in an unfamiliar environment. Also, fear arises from the appearance of other animals in the house. If the pet has experienced this feeling, then he may have diarrhea. In this case, treatment is not appointed, as a rule, the emotional background is adjusted after a while.
Diarrhea in poisoning
Poisoning can be not only food, but also toxic from any substances. The latter include gasoline, paint, household cleaners, industrial oils, chlorine. As a rule, cats will not themselves eat toxic substances. Poisoning can occur if they accidentally enter the animal's body. For example, when cleaning the tray using household chemicals and poor washing with water.
These substances can get on the animal's hair, and then through the tongue inside the body. Also, the remnants of household chemicals can stay on the bowl, and then with food they get into their stomach. Veterinary drugs of poor quality can cause poisoning. The main symptom is vomiting and diarrhea. At such signs it is necessary to address to the veterinarian, probably, he will appoint or nominate special preparations.
Worms and infections
If a cat has worms, then as a consequence, it will have diarrhea with bloody secretions and mucus. Infectious diseases, such as the plague, can occur in animals that have not been vaccinated. Even if the cat is in the apartment all the time, this does not exclude the possibility of infection in his body. Symptoms of infection are diarrhea, fever and vomiting. At such signs it is necessary to address urgently to the veterinarian. Since the body can not cope with the disease on its own.
Diarrhea from bowel diseases
A disease such as pancreatitis occurs in some breeds of cats. Other diseases of the intestine are also possible, which are accompanied by replenishment and disruption of the digestive system. In order to identify the cause of diarrhea, it is necessary to investigate feces. The value is color, consistency, odor and frequency of emptying. If the cat is constantly diarrhea and lasts a long time, namely more than 10 days, it is necessary to contact the veterinarian.
It is necessary to stop dehydration
How to stop diarrhea in a cat? It should be remembered that with diarrhea a large amount of liquid leaves the animal's body. Therefore, dehydration occurs, the cat loses weight. Also, the general condition of the pet worsens, and it becomes sluggish. Dehydration of the body is accompanied by poor circulation of blood. And this leads to insufficient blood supply to the cat's brain. With such symptoms, it is necessary to give the medicine "Regidron" to the animal. This medicine will help to avoid dehydration. If diarrhea has spotting and is accompanied by vomiting, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. It should be said that the kitten's organism is weaker than the adult pet.
It will be correct when you contact a veterinarian with symptoms of diarrhea to take a cal. An analysis of it will help to determine precisely what caused the animal diarrhea.
Diarrhea in a cat. Home Treatment
If the pet diarrhea is not accompanied by fever, vomiting and does not have bloody or mucous discharge, then you can cure this ailment yourself. Of course, if a cat has green diarrhea, then it should be shown to a specialist.
First of all, it is necessary to provide a special diet for the cat. Namely, to exclude the use of milk and products that contain starch. It should be remembered that with diarrhea the digestive system is in an unstable state. Therefore, it is important to monitor the nutrition of the pet. First, you should limit the animal in the diet completely, except for water. It is important that the cat could use it in unlimited quantities. Since diarrhea can cause dehydration, it is necessary to provide the animal with access to water.
Restriction in food should be done for an adult animal within a day, and for a kitten it will be enough to have a 12-hour break. Do not worry that the animal will be hungry. Such a break will have the best effect on the condition of the pet.
Nutrition for diarrhea
What to feed a cat with diarrhea? After a break in food, you can give food. It is important that the dose of food is reduced by a factor of 2 compared to the usual amount. Also, you should pay attention to the fact that the food was lean and easily digested. It is better to give the animal food in small portions, but often. To feed it is desirable for dietary products, for example, boiled chicken, chicken broth, rice, meat puree. If the ptomian refuses to use the above products, you should buy her a special pet food with a weakened digestive system. It is better to use the finished products of those brands to which the cat is accustomed. After the diarrhea has passed, you can return to normal diet.
What if I started diarrhea in a cat? Treatment at home should be aimed at restoring normal operation of the gastrointestinal tract.
First of all, it is necessary to give the animal activated charcoal. For this, it is necessary to dissolve the tablet in water. Then it is necessary to feed the cat through a syringe without needles. You can also give infusions of herbs, such as oak bark, St. John's wort and chamomile. Dosage should be discussed with the veterinarian.
What is the cure for diarrhea for cats? It is also recommended to use in the treatment of diarrhea "Vetom" (this is a veterinary drug). It is given once a day for 75 mg / kg of body weight daily until recovery. In addition to it, you can use Smecta. Half of the sachet of the drug is dissolved in 0.25 cups of boiled chilled water. You can pour the medicine through a syringe, if the pet does not just use it. 1-2 ml every three hours. Use the medicine until completely healed.
What to give a cat for diarrhea? You can use such drugs as "Bactisubtil" (one capsule for an adult animal) and "Bifidum" (one bottle for an adult). These funds should be diluted in small quantities in water (1-2 tsp). All these medicines should be given two to three times a day until the symptoms of diarrhea disappear completely. Of course, it is better to show the pet to the veterinarian, so that he looks at his condition and said that he should give the cat diarrhea.
If the treatment did not improve after 2 days, it is especially important to go to the vet. Also, you need to monitor the cat's chair, namely its consistency and color. There are cases when the owners of domestic animals do not deal with their treatment, and the pet's body can not cope with the disease. Therefore, it is always better to be safe and take all possible measures to eliminate the ailment. It is also important to monitor the cleanliness of the pan and bowl, in order to avoid harmful substances entering the cat's body.
Now you know why diarrhea appears in cats. Causes and treatment are two important topics that we examined in our article. We hope that the information was useful to you.