Otrivin during pregnancy in different trimesters
Since the moment a woman learns of her pregnancy, she must radically change her attitude to well-being. If before she could arbitrarily take medicines, now it is strictly forbidden to do so. And the need for medication sometimes still exists.
Every second expectant mother in the early stages of experiencing a cold. Most often this is a viral infection. It develops because of a decrease in immune defense. Less common are women in the second trimester. In the last weeks to catch the infection is especially undesirable. But if this happens, then there's nothing to be done. It is necessary to take prescribed medications and follow the doctor's recommendations. A frequent symptom that worries expectant mothers with a cold is a stuffy nose. Women are wondering if "Otrivin" is possible during pregnancy. After all, this drug is very popular and copes well with the common cold. Reply to the question will help you with today's article.
Otrivin: what is it?
Modern pharmacology offers to purchase a lot of various drugs for the treatment of the common cold. Often with the aim of symptomatic therapy, vasoconstrictive formulations are used. These include "Otrivin". It includes the main active ingredient - xylometazoline. Produced in children's and adult forms. The substance of the active substance differs from medicines.
The drug for the treatment of cold is an over-the-counter medication. It can be purchased without an appointment. But do not use "Otryvin" during pregnancy on your own. After all, you can not be sure of its safety. It is not known how the active substance will affect the health and development of the unborn child.
Action on the body: how does nasal spray and drops work?
Nasal spray and drops have a vasoconstrictive effect. The effect of the medicine comes already within the first minute after application. The action lasts for several hours (usually from 4 to 12). The main component contributes to the narrowing of the vessels of the nasal mucosa. Due to this, breathing is facilitated, hyperemia is eliminated.
The medicine also helps to moisten the shells. Often with prolonged use of xylometazoline, dryness occurs. In the case of the drug "Otrivin" this does not happen. If everything is so good, can I apply Otrivin during pregnancy? Let us consider several points of view on this matter.
Is it possible to "Otrivin" during pregnancy: the instruction and its recommendations
What does the annotation say? If you carefully study the accompanying instructions, you will find out that the medicine can be used by women in an "interesting" position. But you need to do this taking into account all the risks for the baby. If the expected benefit for the mother is higher than them, the doctor prescribes the medicine "Otrivin".
The manufacturer says that the drug is not well understood. There are no reliable results of clinical trials of medication on pregnant women. Therefore, the doctor, prescribing the drug, relies on "maybe". The woman, in turn, pins all risk on her own shoulders.
What is the danger of treatment for a future mother?
What is dangerous "Otrivin" during pregnancy? 2 options doctors consider with special attention: use in the first and last trimesters. What harm does the medicine cause to a woman and a future baby:
- Treatment with medication in the early stages is dangerous because such therapy can affect the development of the child and the formation of his organs. "Otryvin" during pregnancy (1 trimester) can negatively affect the cardiac system of the embryo, which is very vulnerable: it is just beginning to form. Also, the drug can affect the neural tube, provoke its incomplete closure, which is fraught with congenital pathologies.
- "Otrivin" during pregnancy (3rd trimester) can affect the blood pressure of a future mother, which is dangerous for the fetus. If it rises strongly, it is fraught with hypoxia of the fetus and even by the detachment of the placenta. All this is very serious.
When is it forbidden for a future mother to use a medicine?
It is strictly forbidden to apply Otryvin during pregnancy, if a woman has contraindications. These include hypersensitivity, medication or atrophic rhinitis, hypertension or tachycardia. Prohibited treatment "Otrivin" in hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, as well as if previously conducted surgery on the meninges. If the future mother has diabetes mellitus, then the application should be discarded.
Opinion of doctors on the use of vasoconstrictors: indications for use
Doctors recommend, whenever possible, to refuse the use of any medication throughout the term of pregnancy, including vasoconstrictors. But there are situations when such therapy is simply necessary for a future mother. It is known that Otrivin is used according to the following indications:
- viral and bacterial infections, accompanied by nasal congestion;
- otitis or eustachiitis (for the purpose of removing edema);
- sinusitis and sinusitis;
- preparation for diagnostic manipulations on the nose area.
A pregnant woman needs medicine when nasal breathing is severely impaired. If there is swelling, and the expectant mother is forced to breathe through the mouth, this is bad for the fetus. Violated blood circulation between the placenta and the embryo, hypoxia occurs. Therefore, if the disease has severe symptoms, then doctors prefer to still prescribe the drug "Otryvin" during pregnancy. Doctors give separate recommendations on the way the vasoconstrictor is used.
Method of using vasoconstrictor composition at different periods of pregnancy
Before applying Otrivin during pregnancy, it is necessary to study the instructions. Make sure that you do not have any contraindications to the use of the medicine (even if it is prescribed by the doctor). Then read about the method of application. The standard scheme involves the administration of a vasoconstrictor solution three times a day. One spray is delivered to each nostril. Future mothers should adhere to a special scheme. Doctors give the following recommendations:
- Give preference to nasal drops in the child's dosage.
- Introduce the medicine into each nostril for one dose (drop or spray).
- After use, massage your nose.
- Do not use the medicine more than three times a day.
- "Otryvin" during pregnancy (first trimester especially) should be used only when necessary, when it is really impossible to breathe normally.
- The course of treatment lasts no more than three days.
Safe "Otrivin": how to protect yourself from infection?
There is a drug "Otrivin", which future mothers can not only be used, but also necessary. The use of this drug can protect a woman from infection and illness. "Otrivin More" contains in its composition a sterile solution of sea water. The drug rinses the nasal mucosa, moisturizing it and clearing bacteria. It is important that such a drug does not contain preservatives that could adversely affect the formation and growth of the embryo. Sea spray "Otrivin" during pregnancy (2 trimester or any other term - not so important) is used for prevention and treatment. The composition can be administered to the nasal passages unlimited number of times during the day:
- Treatment of the common cold involves cleaning the mucous membranes with "Otrivin". After using it, you can apply a local medication prescribed by a doctor.
- Prophylaxis with the drug helps maintain the hygiene of the nose, protects against infection with a viral infection. Also, to a certain extent, the solution removes swelling: salt extracts excess fluid.
Complex preparation and its features
There is another type of medicine, "Otrivin". It has a complex action: not only removes puffiness, but also reduces discharge from the nose. The medicine is obliged to work with the composition. In the preparation there is still the same xylometazoline, but still there is ipratropium bromide. This component has an anticholinergic effect.
When pregnant can I use this medicine? What does the instruction say? The annotation says that "Otrivin Complex" is strictly prohibited for use in the first trimester. In the second and third medication is used in case of acute necessity. But even when prescribing a medicine for a future mother, an overdose should be avoided. Women should use "Otrivin Complex" as rarely as possible. The duration of therapy does not exceed 7 days.
Adverse reactions that may occur in expectant mothers
Even "Otrivin" child during pregnancy can cause unpleasant consequences. But it is in this form that the medicine is prescribed to women who are in an "interesting" position. Even if the future mother previously quietly tolerated the intake of the described active substances, now everything can change. The fact is that during pregnancy there is a reorganization of all systems. The organs are subjected to a double load. This is especially noticeable by the end of the term. The medicine can cause allergies. It shows itself with itching in the nose, sneezing, reddening of the mucous membranes and swelling. The medicine helps to strengthen the heartbeat, increase blood pressure.
If, after using the medication, you have nausea, a headache, sleep, there is shortness of breath and other unpleasant symptoms, you should stop treatment as soon as possible. Do not deal with the selection of the antidote yourself. Be sure to consult a doctor to assess your well-being and selection of further treatment tactics.
"Otryvin" during pregnancy: reviews
Opinions about this medicine often add up positive. You already know that doctors prescribe a vasoconstrictor to future mothers only in case of acute necessity. In this case, the drug copes with its task perfectly. Even the use of a child's form of medicine does not in any way reduce its effectiveness. The medicine lasts for the first minute. The future mother immediately normalizes breathing, a woman is able, as before, to distinguish smells. The course of the nose becomes significantly less. The parents who took the medicine during gestation report that the action of the medicine did not hurt the child, and no adverse reactions were observed with the prescribed dosage of the doctor.
About the drug "Otrivin More" reviews are good. Doctors say that such a tool can be used on the entire period of bearing a child without special restrictions. The drug effectively cleanses the nasal passages from crusts and pathogens, it moistens the mucous membrane, partially removes the edema. Statistics show that women who used Otrivin More in pregnancy were sick less often. Before giving birth, expectant mothers often complain of rhinitis of pregnant women. This diagnosis is made with a sudden and prolonged runny nose, the cause of which lies in the hormonal changes. With such rhinitis, it is advisable to use "Otrivin More". But before using any medication it is better to consult a doctor.
From the article you learned that there are several forms of the drug "Otrivin". Which of them can be safely applied in the first, second or third trimester - described above. Pay your withdrawal to partial restrictions. Do not rely on the responses of friends. If a woman helped the drug cope with a runny nose and did not have a negative effect on the fetus, it does not mean that it will be the same for you. All the best!