Polyester - what kind of fabric is this
Polyester - what kind of fabric is it, firmly occupied the niche of leadership in the modern assortment of fabrics, threads and other sewing accessories?
On most clothing labels indicated, it's some overseas polyester, also with a different percentage content.
We will try to analyze and find out, polyester - what kind of fabric, how functional it is, is good in application, good and convenient.
General characteristics of polyester fabric
So, Polyester is a material based on synthetic fibers, developed taking into account the most comfortable wearing and high-quality practicality.
What is an artificial fiber? We advise in any case not to be confused with synthetic ones. Both are created on the basis of chemical reactions and artificial compounds of molecules. However, it is artificial materials and fibers that form from natural raw materials of protein and vegetable origin. In other words, these are the same natural fabrics, but worked out artificially with the participation of chemical reactions.
Synthetic materials are created on the basis of not natural, not natural, but chemically extracted substances.
Unlike synthetic ones, such artificial materials as polyester have excellent air-permeable, "breathing" properties. In this case, from natural natural fabrics polyester is resistant to shrinkage, abrasion, stretching and many others.
Polyester: fabric composition
This type of fiber is often used in mixed fabrics, where, in addition to polyester, fibers such as cotton, elastane, lycra, polyamide, viscose, acrylic are added. These mixtures can achieve various desired goals.
In the case of clothes, these are mixtures with cotton, wool, linen or lycra, to achieve a breathable effect, with non-breaking, shrinkage, ease in washing and care, quick drying, flexibility and softness.
In the case of upholstery - these are various mixtures with polyamide and elastane to ensure maximum fit of the patterns to the required surface, to achieve the required density and strength to abrasion and stretching.
In the case of home textiles, cotton, bamboo, poplin, polyamide, lycra, and elastane are often added to polyester. Here, in addition to wear-resistant qualities, high aesthetic values, shine, reflow, softness, silkiness, flowing effect are added.
Polyester - what kind of fabric, and what are its positive qualities?
Externally, this kind of material is similar to cotton or wool. Thus, it is possible to achieve such desirable qualities of wear resistance and comfortable wearing with a conservative and sound external aesthetic manifestation.
Polyester fibers are as resistant to severe weathering as possible, and therefore polyester-based fabrics are used for sewing outerwear. Thermoplastic properties of this fabric allow you to create strong creases on trousers and pleated skirts.
Polyester - what kind of fabric without flaws?
Disadvantages, however, are present, but insignificant. This is low hygroscopicity and the accumulation of static electricity. These qualities prevent the use of fabrics for the production of underwear and any clothing worn on the naked body, as well as hats.