Fin rot: treatment in the general aquarium
Every aquarist is very reverent about his silent pets and, of course, wants them to delight with their beauty as long as possible. However, a closed system is an ideal breeding ground for pathogens and parasites. Today we want to tell you about such an attack, like fin rot. The treatment of this disease is discussed in almost every forum devoted to aquarium fish. From this we can draw several conclusions. The disease is quite common, and every aquarist sooner or later gets to know it. And second, there is no consensus on treatment today. Let's look at those treatments that have the most positive feedback, which means they can help save your aquarium.
What is this disease
In answer to this question lies the secret, why in each case aquarists are looking for a new method of treatment, and not using the already proven scheme. So, what is fin rot? The treatment of this disease is complicated by the fact that it is only one of the components of a systemic bacterial infection. That is, it is not possible to identify one pathogen. Several different types of bacteria are involved in the pathogenesis. In particular, experiments have shown that different individuals of fish with the same symptoms (fin rot) should receive different treatment. That is why the remedy that has helped some is useless for others.
The main pathogens and symptoms of the disease
Aeromonas hydrophila and all its subspecies is one of the causative agents. This is a gram-negative anaerobic bacillus, which is widespread in the environment, in fresh and salt water. The second large group of pathogens is Pseudomonas. It is an obligate aerobic, most commonly found in the soil and in spoiled food. It is these two groups of microorganisms that cause the disease, which is called “fin rot”. Treatment requires a quick and accurate diagnosis, which usually does not cause problems. The symptoms are obvious enough so that even a newcomer can recognize it.
First of all, a systemic infection leads to the destruction of the integuments of the body and internal organs. Hemorrhages and necrosis, sepsis, grayish ulcers on the surface of the body are noted. The fish lose their color, there is sticking and erosion of the fins, the dusting of the scales.
The later you notice a change, the more damage fin fin can do. Treatment in the general aquarium is much more effective if it starts in the very first stages of the disease. In any case, the disease is much easier to prevent than to cure. This bacterial disease is a consequence of poor care for the aquarium. The immunity of fish in this case decreases, and the concentration of pathogenic microflora becomes higher, resulting in an outbreak of infection. Prevention is the observance of sanitary standards and requirements for keeping fish. Make sure that in the aquarium there is no excess food that will rot. There is no vaccine against this disease, however antibacterial therapy is very effective.
In fact, there are two options. These are therapeutic baths, where diseased fish are deposited, as well as the addition of a drug to the general area. What is the most effective way to completely forget about such a disease as fin rot? Treatment in the general aquarium is considered to be more effective, since you simultaneously carry out disinfection of the soil, plants, and the rest of the reservoir contents, which can be a source of repeated multiplication of the infection. Therefore, today we will talk about such treatment methods.
When you notice the first symptoms
The result will be much more effective if you have already noticed the first symptoms of a terrible disease called “fin rot”. Salt treatment in the general aquarium can help only now. If you run the situation, then more serious means will be required.
First of all, make a good water change, at least 30%, and set the maximum temperature allowed for the breed of fish that live in your tank. If there are individual individuals who cannot tolerate such changes, they are deposited in a separate container. An effective remedy at first is to add ordinary salt to the water, not iodized. The norm for sensitive fish is two teaspoons per 10 liters of water, and if the fish calmly tolerate salt, you can add 3 teaspoons to the same amount of water. Watch your pets. If after a few days the situation has not improved, do a water change of 50-80% and start medication.
Normal manganese to help you
Potassium permanganate is used to disinfect the waters in the treatment of many bacterial infections, and fin rot is included in their list. Treatment in the general aquarium (the photo painted with potassium permanganate water looks quite original) is possible only with the subsequent change of water. In this case, it would be much better to deposit the fish in a separate vessel, where to add 0.5 g per 10 liters of water. Fish are placed in the solution every two hours for 20 minutes. While the treatment is underway, it is very good to add potassium permanganate to the general aquarium in order to destroy the causative agent of the disease on plants and soil.
Malachite green - the best solution for the most difficult cases
Oxalate of malachite greens is toxic, however, it helps to effectively cope with this ailment. Perfect for the treatment of viviparous, labyrinth fish, neons and barbs, various decorative crucians. But for other fish use with caution, so consult with a professional who knows well what is fin rot. Treatment in the general aquarium with malachite green takes place at a temperature of +24. +28 degrees. During the whole course it is necessary to aerate the water well. 10 mg / 100 l is introduced into the water. Doses are repeated after 7 days. The treatment itself can last more than a month.
Simple and inexpensive means can help you cope with such a disease as fin rot. Treatment in the general aquarium with chloramphenicol is recommended not only by aquarists, but also by veterinarians. This drug is almost always in the home first-aid kit. The tablets are poorly soluble in water, so you need to put them in a glass and stir well, and then add to the aquarium. Dosage - 200 mg per liter. The solution is poured and left for 5 days. When this period ends, it is necessary to begin a partial water change.
However, this is not the only antibiotic that helps to cope with this disease. Well proved and Bitsillin-5. This is a penicillium antibiotic group. It decomposes in the light, so the treatment is carried out late in the evening. Dosage of 500,000 U (one third of the bottle) per 10 liters of water. Bring this amount every night for 6 days. At the same time the temperature of the water rises to 26 degrees, it is then that the parasites come out of the tissues into the water, where they die.
Specialized drugs from vetapteki
What is the most famous tool every aquarist should have? We give a hint: with its help, you can instantly get rid of a bacterial disease called “fin rot”. Antipar treatment is the most modern way to protect all inhabitants of the water area. It is noteworthy that it can be used for prevention. If you bought a new live food, soak it before feeding a few minutes in a weak solution. Also, for preventive purposes, conduct therapeutic baths. The concentration of the solution is 1 ml per 10 liters of water, the exposure time is 3 hours. In this bath you can keep the new tenants who came to you from the store, algae and soil.
If the signs of the disease are already there, do not worry, everything can be corrected. In this case, all lights and filters are turned off. Temperature range is maintained at 24-26 degrees. The working solution is added every four days. Therapeutic concentration for long-term baths is 1 ml per 50 liters of water. Deactivate the solution by passing it through a carbon filter. This is an indispensable tool that will help in almost any case. So if you buy an aquarium, just in case, stock up with such a universal medicine. Judging by the reviews, he can help out in cases where the symptoms of the disease develop rapidly, and time plays against you.