Pregnancy planning - where to start
Recently, almost all over the world, many married couples have become more serious about planning pregnancy. After all, often thoughts of healthy offspring come only during the bearing of a child, when it is too late to change anything. Therefore, the passage of a full medical examination by both a woman and a man is a pledge of the birth of a healthy baby.
If you seriously decided that planning pregnancy for your family is necessary, then the first thing that must be done for a future mother is to visit a gynecologist. With the help of a study of the microflora of the vagina, he will be able to detect diseases that may not have manifested themselves in any way. Also, the doctor will determine the need for testing for toxoplasmosis, herpes, hepatitis, rubella and syphilis viruses, since the presence of these diseases in a pregnant woman can lead to irreparable consequences.
Pregnancy planning: we visit specialists
Next is to visit a geneticist, who will help to determine whether you have chromosomal mutations, which, strangely enough, can be observed in absolutely healthy people. The whole problem lies in the possibility of transferring these damaged chromosomes to a child who may subsequently suffer from a genetic disease. This is particularly true for women who are over 35 years old.
Also, the future mother should visit the therapist. He will measure the pressure and write a direction for tests that can show the presence of hidden chronic diseases (hypertension, anemia, etc.). If you are taking any medications, then you should definitely tell the doctor about it, since some of them need to be canceled long before conception of the child.
Planning pregnancy is an extra reason to visit the dentist's office. After all, during the bearing of a child, sick teeth can cause further chronic infections in the baby. Therefore, they should be cured before the onset of pregnancy.
In addition to the general analysis of urine and blood, which you will appoint a therapist, you need to pass a test for urogenital infections. This analysis is done in a women's consultation or in a family planning office. It will help to identify the presence of pathogenic pathogens, which can subsequently lead to miscarriage.
Also, pregnancy planning involves the delivery of tests for the Rh factor, blood group, and the detection of hormone levels. If the desired pregnancy does not occur within a year, then it is necessary to pass tests for the compatibility of future parents, and the spouse for a spermogram.
Diet in planning pregnancy
A healthy baby can only be born with a healthy mother. Therefore, when planning a pregnancy, it is very important to be in good shape. However, if you are overweight, then do not immediately go to extremes and sit down on a tough diet. After a quick weight loss deprives the body of important substances, reduces immunity and even disrupts the hormonal balance. You just need to reduce the intake of easily assimilated carbohydrates, such as potatoes, sweets, bread, etc.
Also at this time, do not get involved in salt-free diets, vegetarian dishes or observance of fasting. After all, in this period the body of a woman should be saturated with vitamins, proteins and various acids (omega-3, folic acid, etc.), which have a beneficial effect on the development of pregnancy.