Pecilia: reproduction and care at home
Pisces fish, the reproduction of which, as a rule, occurs without unnecessary trouble, is considered a fairly frequent inhabitant of modern living corners. It is often found not only in huge office aquariums, but also in ordinary home, medium or even very modest sizes.
In general, it should be noted that the pecilia is a fish, the content of which will not become problematic even for beginners in the world of aquaristics.
This article will tell you about it in some detail. The reader will get acquainted with all the necessary information related to habitats, feeding characteristics and the appearance of such an interesting inhabitant of the underwater world as pecilia. Reproduction and breeding at home will also be affected in separate sections. Having become acquainted with all the facts provided, anyone who wishes can easily make such a fish as a pet.
Section 1. General information and habitat conditions in nature
Pecilia is a fish, a very popular resident of modern aquariums. Why? Most likely, due to its unpretentiousness, easy breeding, beauty, a variety of colors.
However, not everyone knows that its natural habitat is the North and Central America. Especially often it is found in Veracruz in Mexico. In addition, you can meet the pecilia in California, Colorado, Florida, Louisiana, Nevada, Texas, Hawaii, but here it was brought artificially.
Section 2. Appearance of fish
Pecilia, the content of which is not only simple, but also interesting enough and informative, is a rather small fish, its length rarely exceeds 3.5-5 cm, and the average life span is within 3-4 years.
Its appearance, as however, and coloring is difficult to describe because of the wide variety of options. With confidence, we can say that the female pecilia is not as bright and variegated as the male.
Scientists distinguish many varieties. For example, you can not fail to mention the disk pecilia. It has an unusual very twisted spine and a special shape of the body. But red pecilia is much more mobile than other species.
Section 3. Sexual differences of fishes
Sex differences in these fish are more than bright. The females are visually larger, have a less bright color, a wider anal fin. In addition, they have a more complete and rounded abdomen.
In males, the anal fin is small and pointed at the tip, the body color is beautiful and very bright. They, as a rule, are considered a real decoration of modern aquariums.
Section 4. Necessary conditions for breeding fish
It is easy to breed pecilia, since no special conditions are required for this. By the way, many aquarists even laugh, saying that it is much more difficult then to stop the reproduction of these fish than to start it. And this is actually the case.
So, did you have a pecilia? Reproduction of these inhabitants of the underwater world does not make itself long to wait. In order for females to normally and regularly become pregnant, one male will have enough for 3 females. This amount is optimal, as it significantly reduces the competition of males and at the same time gives females the opportunity to rest for a while from them.
Pecilia are viviparous fish, that is, they spawn eggs inside the body and a newly formed male is born, who knows how to swim. Pregnancy of the female is easy to determine by rounded abdomen, as well as a dark spot near the anal fin. The female can easily give birth every 28 days, with the average number of fry - 20-40 pieces.
As a rule, the genera of the pecils are uncomplicated. Although it is still desirable to set the pregnant female in a separate aquarium and add more plants to it. At this time, the future mother does not need to be bothered again, so it is recommended to close the front glass with paper.
R Section 5. Care for Fry
It is important to consider that the pecils are eating their fry, so that they should survive, many plants should be planted, or they can be immediately deposited in a separate container.
Further care for the fry is quite simple, because it is born large and well-formed. You can feed them with egg yolk, special crushed forages or simple dry. With abundant feeding and clean water, in 3 months the newborn babies will themselves become sexually mature.
Section 6. How to feed properly
In nature pecilia, the reproduction of which occurs regularly and without special problems, mainly feeds on insects and algae. But in the aquarium they are very happy to eat almost any kind of feed.
It is very important to include in their diet specialized top-dressing with fiber, for example, flakes with vegetable components or vegetables such as cucumbers, zucchini, spinach. Such plant food contributes to the better work of the gastrointestinal tract. But animal feed can be any, for example, well suited bloodworm, tubule, artemia, coretra.
Section 7. Complexities of maintenance and care
Pecilia, the content of which does not require special skills, is excellent for both beginners aquarists and professionals.
Like almost all viviparous fishes, pecilia are unpretentious and accommodating. They can be kept in small aquariums, from 40-50 liters. Of course, it is better that the volume be large. Pecilia do not show aggression among themselves (as, for example, the sword-bearers), and they can be kept with a slight predominance of females.
As for the parameters of the water, here they are also not too whimsical. Ideal - medium water hardness (15-30 dGH), acidity is desirable within 7.0-8.3, and the optimal water temperature is 22-25C. The main thing is that the water is clean and fresh, the best option is to partially fill a certain part of the water, as a rule, at least 20% a week.
Filtration and aeration is, of course, desirable, but if the aquarium is not overpopulated, it can be completely neglected.
Section 8. Compatibility with other aquarium inhabitants
Another plus of pecilia is that they perfectly coexist in a common aquarium, absolutely do not touch any other fish.
But you need to consider that for predators themselves, they can become easy prey. That is why it is best to place the pecilia with other viviparous, for example, with mollynesia or swordfish.