Gerbils: maintenance and care, description, photo
A gerbil is a rodent that lives in the wild. Most often it is found in the steppes and deserts. Recently, this animal often appears in homes as a pet.
The gerbil, the photo of which is presented in the article, looks like an ordinary rat. The body length of the animal reaches twenty centimeters. The tail of a rodent is longer - 24 cm. By the way, it can fall off. Only he does not grow back, as it happens in lizards.
The rodent muzzle can be both pointed and dull. The gerbil eyes are large and convex. Her ears are clearly visible.
The color of the upper torso is dull, monochromatic (usually brown or ocher-sandy). The bottom of the animal is light. On the head, around the eyes and behind the ears, the gerbil has light spots. If we talk about the number of teeth, then this rodent has sixteen. Sometimes it happens that they are found even without roots.
Rodents move due to elongated hind limbs. The gerbil organs of hearing and vision are especially developed in gerbils.
Mongolian gerbil: description
There are many species of this rodent. The most common - Mongolian gerbil (clawed). This species is chosen by both lovers of domestic rodents and professional breeders. Because Mongolian gerbils are easily tamed. Often these rodents are confused with the jerboas.
Mongolian gerbil lives in the deserts of North Africa, India, Asia. The animal is loyal to people. The beast leads a normal way of life, it is prone to the formation of colonies.
Usually the rodent is active during the daytime. In winter, gerbils hibernate. These rodents are prone to depression and depression. The gerbil mouse reaches puberty by the tenth or sixteenth week. Life expectancy is three to four years.
In the desert, the gerbil feeds on shrubs and green parts of grassy plants.
Gerbils: maintenance and care. Fundamental rules
Before acquiring an animal for a rodent it is necessary to create certain conditions, it is worth buying a cage. Also suitable for housing terrarium (aquarium) from fifty liters.
If the gerbil at home will live in a cage, then she must have a high pallet.
An animal should put something to grind down its teeth (for example, tree branches) so that it does not gnaw a cage or a plastic tray.
Arrangement of premises for a new pet. What is needed for a full rodent life?
What to do if you have gerbil? Keeping and caring for these animals will be much easier if they properly arrange housing. Such rodents love to dig. Therefore, for their comfort it is worth pouring a large layer of sawdust (fifteen centimeters). Hay can also be added. Rodents from it can create nests.
The gerbil must have constant access to water. Use for this special drinkers that can be attached to the outside of the cage.
What to do to have healthy gerbils? The maintenance and care of them involve careful grooming. The animals can take their own sand baths. For these purposes, in a cage, place a special container with sand. This should be done about once a week.
The wheel can also be put in a cage to the animal. It is advisable to choose not plastic. The metal wheel with a grid is the most safe and practical model.
All rodents that are kept in captivity, in varying degrees, are deficient in salt. Their source is a mineral salt or chalk stone for rodents. It is sold in pet stores. It is possible to fix a stone on a wall motionless, or it is suspended on a wire.
It is convenient to hang the feeder above the level of sawdust, or place it on the second floor of the cage. Otherwise the gerbil will bury it or turn it over.
Since rodents are clean enough, cleaning should be done only once every two weeks. This is because gerbils practically do not give an unpleasant smell, and fluids emit only four grams per day.
How to choose a gerbil? Tips for future owners
- It is necessary to pay attention to the appearance. The hair of the animal should fit snugly to the body. Ears and nose should be clean, and eyes - shiny.
- To buy the animal costs between the ages of one and a half and six months. Note that the older the gerbil becomes, the harder it is to tame. In addition, so you can randomly select an already old rodent.
- Pay attention to the parents of the animal, in order to understand what it will become when it grows up.
- Now in the Russian Federation there is a large variety of colors gerbil. Among them, you can choose the right for you.
- If a rodent behaves apathetically, then he may be sick. After all, a healthy animal should be active.
- If you do not have time for taming, then take a better rodent.
- I would like to note that the gerbils are bored one by one. Therefore, it is better to immediately start two males or females.
- When buying the animal, ask the seller what he fed him. After all, the transition to a new type of food can provoke a disorder in a rodent.
- Before buying, weigh the pros and cons of your new pet being a really desirable animal.
- Where are gerbils sold? In the pet store, at the exhibition of rodents, at the zoo market or at the breeder.
Feeding your pet: diet features. Useful and unhealthy food for the rodent
The main diet of gerbil is seeds and cereals. They make different mixtures for rodents. You can buy them at the pet store. The gerbil feed includes oats, millet, greens, sunflower seeds, corn, and legumes. Sometimes they can add flakes, cereals. Feed gerbil twice a day, about one teaspoon per rodent.
If you have a homemade pregnant or nursing gerbil, then increase the feed rate. Soft foods should be included in the rodent's diet. Gerbil suit bread and porridge. You can also give cottage cheese and yogurt. Add a new meal is gradually. What else can be given to rodents? Vegetables and fruits (carrots, bananas, apples and others). Dried fruits can also please the rodent. Gerbil can not citrus, cabbage and potatoes. The animal can be given fresh greens, as well as leaves and branches of fruit trees. The gerbil, whose photos are very funny, should eat only fresh food. Fatty, salty, sweet and salty foods are prohibited. Food from the table should not fall into the bowl of a rodent. It is harmful to the animal.
Now you know who gerbil. The maintenance and care of these animals is quite simple. All important aspects of their content are described in the article. We also raised the topic of care and feeding. We hope that now you can choose a pet for yourself, as well as properly maintain it.