A partial program is
A partial program is an incomprehensible word for any mother who thinks about what her child does in the kindergarten. Nevertheless, there is nothing wrong with them.
The partial program is a part of preschool education, an integral part of the formation of the personality.
In addition to basic educational work, pedagogical activity includes additional, partial programs. What is it and what purpose does it pursue?
Partial programs in the DOW are classes and techniques aimed at developing fine motor skills, pure speech, the formation of an understanding of language and linguistic forms, the development of associative thinking.
What is the difference between a normal program and a regular program?
These programs are in addition to the main program for the development of children in kindergarten. Most often, tutors use whole methods created by the author or a group of authors. In the bookstore in the department of methodical literature you can find books with detailed descriptions.
A preschool educational institution may not use partial programs of preschool children. But then the child's life will become boring and not filled with developing games and activities, and he will not want to visit them.
Partial programs are good because they describe the methods already conducted by other educators and reflect their results. In some ways, similar programs can be trusted. In any case, the choice is made by the management and educators of the kindergarten.
What is the meaning of the partial program?
Partial educational programs direct children's attention to learning tools and interesting tasks. Creative activity and efficiency are welcome. In this unique period, when young children are literally receptive to everything in the surrounding world, creative games will help them, like nothing else.
The task of the kindergarten is to create an atmosphere of equality between children, giving each child the opportunity to develop without harming the psyche and health.
That is why the pedagogical activity is given so much attention. The more knowledge about the world the child will receive in kindergarten, the more he has the chance to adequately perceive the world around him, cope with the stresses in school and in later life. But a positive attitude begins to take shape only from three to four years. Therefore, the partial program is a chance for any child.
What are the partial programs?
Partial programs in the DOW are divided into several areas. Some of them suggest the study of folklore, fairy tales, fables, poems and epic heroes. This not only gives children an idea of the history, but also develops memory: excerpts from fables, counters and simple verses study easily and are an example for self-activity.
Mathematical programs introduce the simplest arithmetic operations and tasks to savvy, thus developing rational thinking.
In this list, you can also add theatrical activities aimed at studying theatrical skill. Even among preschool children, a simple circle can be extremely popular, if it is right to approach the organization of classes and the process of creating performances.
In addition, activity in kindergarten is also aimed at acquiring to the spiritual world, teaching rules of etiquette and courtesy.
Partial programs for GEF
Undoubtedly, the activities of kindergartens are regulated by federal standards. The GEF partial programs presuppose that preschool education will be aimed at individualizing the classes, supporting the initiative and activity of children in all spheres, working with the family and helping the parents, and the active work of educators and other employees of the kindergarten to provide comfort in the kindergarten.
For each child, an individually selected partial program is important. GEF also allows you to organize it according to all the rules.
A preschool educational institution independently chooses educational programs, but they must comply with federal standards.
What exactly are the partial programs directed at?
The principles of partial programs are simple. There are several areas of education. They are used either individually or combined to achieve a better effect.
The child is taught, for example, about the everyday life, the culture of human habitation, the objects of everyday life and the materials from which they were made, about the purpose and purpose of each subject. Gradually there is not only an understanding of its place in the world, but also a desire to contribute and take an active part in its study.
In the future, one can inculcate the idea of measures of magnitude, mathematical entities, numbers, numbers, measures and volumes. This helps to systematize knowledge about the world around us in a system that is one with other people.
Designing in the older group teaches you to distinguish colors and geometric shapes, create something yourself and experiment. The older the children, the harder the tasks become. But also it is more fascinating.
How does this activity affect children?
The kindergarten mode, as a rule, is rational: the child does not get tired, gets time for rest and games that do not have any specific purpose. But it is important to ensure that active games and activities are not the cause of stress.
You can not arrange an activity so that one immediately follows another so that there is not even time to rest. Many parents, engaged in education, sometimes show excessive zeal. They think that a kindergarten is not enough for a child, and therefore they take him to additional classes.
At this age, it is not necessary to impose any occupation by force. Chronic fatigue for a child who has not yet started going to school is nonsense, but this is also possible if we go overboard with the educational process.
Can parents help?
The next of kin, mom and dad, make different decisions as to how much time their child spends in kindergarten. If they have enough opportunities to study independently, it is not necessary to attend a kindergarten. If you agree on this issue with management, you can appear in class only in the afternoon or, conversely, in the first.
In the rest of the time you can deal with raising a child yourself. A partial program is a good opportunity for parents. It does not necessarily become an expert in this field, but it is necessary to have an idea of what kind of classes are held in the kindergarten, so that the house does not lose progress.
This is also useful for older children. For example, designing in a senior group can entice not only children, but also parents. And what could be better than a joint game?
But even if in connection with the work there is no time to engage the child during the day, you can dedicate this to a couple of hours in the evening.
What problems can the family meet?
In addition to complex family situations, such as the absence of one parent or negligence, upbringing can be hampered by several other factors.
First of all, it is important to remember that young children are very impressionable. And even when they live in an absolutely adequate, prosperous family, they may have problems. For example, among peers. Educators of kindergartens sometimes themselves become victims at first glance of malicious jokes. This does not bypass the children. Sometimes they are capable of immoral acts. If parents notice that their child is closed, does not want to talk about what happened in the kindergarten or on a walk, this may be a sign that someone has rudely treated him.
The words and actions of other children can lead to the creation of complexes that will literally interfere with living at an older age.
Evil educators: myth or reality?
In addition, the child may feel shyness or even fear of one or another caregiver. The personnel of kindergartens are selected with the usual thoroughness. But each situation is individual.
Children's pre-school educational institution should not leave bad impressions in the child.
Conversations and proceedings with management will only lead to unnecessary nerves and stress. No matter how good the partial programs are in the DOW, they will only give the child unpleasant feelings if they see an enemy or an evil witch in the caretaker.